What is Culture


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What is Culture

  1. 1. <ul><li>With your partner: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop your own definition of “culture” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a visual to go along with your definition </li></ul></ul>What is “culture”? Music
  2. 2. What is “culture”?
  3. 3. CULTURE <ul><li>A people’s total way of life </li></ul><ul><li>Everything an individual has learned and will pass on to future generations </li></ul><ul><li>Influences personality and behavior </li></ul>
  4. 4. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION: Social Classes Way in which cultures rank people in terms of their importance. Social Mobility : Moving from one social class to another Money Land Education Ancestry Occupation BACK
  5. 5. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION: FAMILY <ul><li>NUCLEAR: </li></ul><ul><li>Wife, husband, children </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial societies </li></ul><ul><li>EXTENDED: </li></ul><ul><li>Grandparents, parents, aunts, uncles, children </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural societies </li></ul>BACK
  6. 6. Who Rules the Family? Matriarchal Patriarchal BACK
  7. 7. Customs and Traditions - Society’s rules of behavior Laws Social Pressure BACK <ul><li>Folkways – ordinary rules of behavior (dress, courtesy, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Mores – necessary for welfare of society </li></ul><ul><li>Laws – regulate behavior; carry penalties if violated; based on norms </li></ul>
  8. 8. Language <ul><li>Positive: </li></ul><ul><li>The cornerstone of culture </li></ul><ul><li>Means of communication </li></ul><ul><li>IDENTITY </li></ul><ul><li>Negative: </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a great deal of tension as countries attempt to develop a unified culture </li></ul>BACK
  9. 9. Arts & Literature <ul><li>Teach about a particular culture </li></ul><ul><li>Used to pass along values </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen IDENTITY </li></ul>BACK
  10. 10. Religion <ul><li>Monotheism: </li></ul><ul><li>Worship of one god </li></ul><ul><li>Monism: </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheism: </li></ul><ul><li>Worship of more than one god </li></ul>Christianity Hinduism Judaism Islam BACK
  11. 11. Governments <ul><li>Person/People who hold power in a society </li></ul><ul><li>Provide for the common need: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect society from outside threats </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society’s laws and political institutions </li></ul>
  12. 12. Types of Government <ul><li>Democracy – rule by the people; govt. must have consent of the governed </li></ul><ul><li>Republic – people choose leaders to represent them </li></ul><ul><li>Dictatorship – ruler or group holds absolute power sometimes – not always - by force </li></ul><ul><li>Communist state - a state governed a single Communist party (believe in Marx/Lenin) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Types of Government <ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Communist Dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>North Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Athens, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul>
  14. 14. Types of Government <ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Communist Dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>North Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Athens, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul>
  15. 15. Types of Government <ul><li>Democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Communist Dictatorship </li></ul><ul><li>North Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Athens, Greece </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul>BACK
  16. 16. Economics – how people use limited (scarce) resources to satisfy their wants and needs Traditional – people produce most of what they need Market – buying/selling occurs to satisfy wants/needs (ie. Village market) Command – govt decides what is produced, how they are produced and the cost (many communist countries have this (ie. Soviet Union) Mixed – govt makes some economic decisions and individuals make others (ie. United States) BACK
  17. 17. UNDERSTANDING OTHER CULTURES Why is it so difficult?
  18. 18. RACISM The belief that one group or culture is superior to another.
  19. 19. ETHNOCENTRISM Judging other cultures by one’s own standards.
  20. 20. What does society need? Appreciation of CULTURAL DIVERSITY
  21. 21. WHY DOES CULTURE CHANGE? CAUSES: Technology Changing Environment New Ideas Cultural Diffusion – the movement of customs and ideas from one place to another
  22. 22. <ul><li>“ How can anyone govern a nation that has two hundred and forty-six different kinds of cheese?&quot; — Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), French general, president. Quoted in: Newsweek (New York, 1 Oct. 1962) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Social Organization CULTURE Economic Systems Government Customs/Traditions Religion Language Arts/Literature