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What is Culture
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What is Culture

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  • 1.
    • With your partner:
      • Develop your own definition of “culture”
      • Create a visual to go along with your definition
    What is “culture”? Music
  • 2. What is “culture”?
  • 3. CULTURE
    • A people’s total way of life
    • Everything an individual has learned and will pass on to future generations
    • Influences personality and behavior
  • 4. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION: Social Classes Way in which cultures rank people in terms of their importance. Social Mobility : Moving from one social class to another Money Land Education Ancestry Occupation BACK
  • 5. SOCIAL ORGANIZATION: FAMILY
    • NUCLEAR:
    • Wife, husband, children
    • Industrial societies
    • EXTENDED:
    • Grandparents, parents, aunts, uncles, children
    • Agricultural societies
    BACK
  • 6. Who Rules the Family? Matriarchal Patriarchal BACK
  • 7. Customs and Traditions - Society’s rules of behavior Laws Social Pressure BACK
    • Folkways – ordinary rules of behavior (dress, courtesy, etc.
    • Mores – necessary for welfare of society
    • Laws – regulate behavior; carry penalties if violated; based on norms
  • 8. Language
    • Positive:
    • The cornerstone of culture
    • Means of communication
    • IDENTITY
    • Negative:
    • Creates a great deal of tension as countries attempt to develop a unified culture
    BACK
  • 9. Arts & Literature
    • Teach about a particular culture
    • Used to pass along values
    • Strengthen IDENTITY
    BACK
  • 10. Religion
    • Monotheism:
    • Worship of one god
    • Monism:
    • Polytheism:
    • Worship of more than one god
    Christianity Hinduism Judaism Islam BACK
  • 11. Governments
    • Person/People who hold power in a society
    • Provide for the common need:
      • Keep order
      • Protect society from outside threats
    • Society’s laws and political institutions
  • 12. Types of Government
    • Democracy – rule by the people; govt. must have consent of the governed
    • Republic – people choose leaders to represent them
    • Dictatorship – ruler or group holds absolute power sometimes – not always - by force
    • Communist state - a state governed a single Communist party (believe in Marx/Lenin)
  • 13. Types of Government
    • Democracy
    • Republic
    • Communist Dictatorship
    • North Korea
    • Athens, Greece
    • United States
  • 14. Types of Government
    • Democracy
    • Republic
    • Communist Dictatorship
    • North Korea
    • Athens, Greece
    • United States
  • 15. Types of Government
    • Democracy
    • Republic
    • Communist Dictatorship
    • North Korea
    • Athens, Greece
    • United States
    BACK
  • 16. Economics – how people use limited (scarce) resources to satisfy their wants and needs Traditional – people produce most of what they need Market – buying/selling occurs to satisfy wants/needs (ie. Village market) Command – govt decides what is produced, how they are produced and the cost (many communist countries have this (ie. Soviet Union) Mixed – govt makes some economic decisions and individuals make others (ie. United States) BACK
  • 17. UNDERSTANDING OTHER CULTURES Why is it so difficult?
  • 18. RACISM The belief that one group or culture is superior to another.
  • 19. ETHNOCENTRISM Judging other cultures by one’s own standards.
  • 20. What does society need? Appreciation of CULTURAL DIVERSITY
  • 21. WHY DOES CULTURE CHANGE? CAUSES: Technology Changing Environment New Ideas Cultural Diffusion – the movement of customs and ideas from one place to another
  • 22.
    • “ How can anyone govern a nation that has two hundred and forty-six different kinds of cheese?" — Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), French general, president. Quoted in: Newsweek (New York, 1 Oct. 1962)
  • 23. Social Organization CULTURE Economic Systems Government Customs/Traditions Religion Language Arts/Literature

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