Everything an individual has learned and will pass on to future generations
Influences personality and behavior
SOCIAL ORGANIZATION: Social Classes Way in which cultures rank people in terms of their importance. Social Mobility : Moving from one social class to another Money Land Education Ancestry Occupation BACK
Economics – how people use limited (scarce) resources to satisfy their wants and needs Traditional – people produce most of what they need Market – buying/selling occurs to satisfy wants/needs (ie. Village market) Command – govt decides what is produced, how they are produced and the cost (many communist countries have this (ie. Soviet Union) Mixed – govt makes some economic decisions and individuals make others (ie. United States) BACK
UNDERSTANDING OTHER CULTURES Why is it so difficult?
RACISM The belief that one group or culture is superior to another.
ETHNOCENTRISM Judging other cultures by one’s own standards.
What does society need? Appreciation of CULTURAL DIVERSITY
WHY DOES CULTURE CHANGE? CAUSES: Technology Changing Environment New Ideas Cultural Diffusion – the movement of customs and ideas from one place to another
“ How can anyone govern a nation that has two hundred and forty-six different kinds of cheese?" — Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), French general, president. Quoted in: Newsweek (New York, 1 Oct. 1962)
Social Organization CULTURE Economic Systems Government Customs/Traditions Religion Language Arts/Literature