German U-boats (“wolfpacks”) targeted supply ships off the coast of the U.S.
Allies use “convoys”
Safeguarded Allied shipping of war materials to Europe
Operating in packs, U-boats preyed relentlessly on cargo ships that crossed the Atlantic. In this photograph, a torpedoed merchant goes down on the right, while the U-boat closes in on the second vessel.
Men of the 16th Infantry Regiment seek shelter from German machine-gun fire in shallow water behind "Czech hedgehog" beach obstacles, Easy Red sector, Omaha Beach. � Robert Capa/Magnum Photos.
Omaha Beach, June 6, 1944: The first wave of American troops lands at dawn. Robert Capa took over 100 photographs during the landing on Omaha Beach. Unfortunately, a darkroom technician, eager to see photographs of the invasion, dried the film too fast. The heat melted the emulsion, ruining all but 10 frames.
"The Americans have come to Germany not to pat childslayers on the head or to feed SS scoundrels with Spam. The Americans have come to this land of gangsters in order to bring villains to justice.
It is not only American divisions that have entered Germany. Justice has entered Germany and not a single German will venture to cry welcome. For justice carries a sword."
1. What is the purpose of imposing censorship on the press in time of war? 2. Why are photos and the other visual media subject to censorship? 3. Is the public well-served by having this censorship? 4. How could the course of a war be affected if there weren't military censorship? In other words, what if newspapers and television showed uncensored photos and footage of the carnage of war? How do you think the public would react?