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Terrorism 2010 - Honors
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Terrorism 2010 - Honors

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  • 1. Pre Class
    • Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not?
    • “ One man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter”
  • 2. TERRORISM “ TERRORISTS WANT A LOT OF PEOPLE WATCHING , NOT A LOT OF PEOPLE DEAD.” BRIAN JENKINS, terrorism expert 1970
  • 3. In your group…
    • Use your knowledge of current events to write a definition of terrorism that has 3 criteria . For example, in order for an attack to be considered a terrorist attack, these 3 factors must be present…
  • 4. What is terrorism?
    • Read the article, “What is Terrorism,” and respond to the following questions:
      • Why is it difficult to agree upon a universally accepted definition of terrorism?
      • Summarize two of the different definitions of terrorism contained in the article. Which definition do you favor? Why?
      • When and why did terrorism begin in the Middle East?
      • Why does Alex Schmid call a terrorist act the equivalent of a peacetime war crime? Do you agree? Why or why not?
      • Is it important to arrive at a universal definition of terrorism? Why or why not?
  • 5. DEFINITION
    • “ to use or threaten to use violence against non-combatants to achieve a political goal.”
    • 3 components:
      • Violence to reach a broad audience
      • non-combatant targets
      • Political motives
  • 6. PreClass
    • Read each scenario with your groups members, and indicate whether or not each is an example of terrorism.
    • A radical environmental group burns a vacant hotel that was recently legally built in a wilderness area.
    • Country X, during a time of war, accidentally kills civilians while conducting bombing raids in Country Z
    • Country X hires an organized crime group in Country Z to assassinate civilian leaders of a group opposing the international policies of Country X.
    • A national separatist group in Country X blows up a railroad station in Country Z to discourage that government from supporting policies of the government in Country X.
  • 7. Today – there is NO universally accepted definition of terrorism
    • Countries define the term based on their own beliefs to support their own national interests. Example:
    • US – “the calculated use of violence or threat of violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological.”
    • Iran – “terrorism is an act carried out to achieve an inhuman and corrupt objective and involving threat to security of any kind, and in violation of the rights acknowledged by religion and mankind.”
  • 8. Al Qaeda and Taliban Threats
    • While you are reading, create a “bow tie” that compares and contrasts:
      • Al Qaeda
      • Taliban
    • What is the relationship between these two groups?
    • Why is America’s relationship with Pakistan important for the war on Terror?
  • 9. Pakistan: Children of the Taliban
    • Why do the Taliban now have Pakistan in their sights?
    • Why have the Taliban been able to successfully recruit children in Pakistan?
    • List some policies implemented by the Taliban in places like Swat and Peshawar.
    • What jihadist belief makes it so difficult for the Pakistani army to defeat Taliban forces?
  • 10. “Return of the Taliban” (FRONTLINE)
    • 1. Who are the Taliban?
    • 2. How are the Taliban connected to Al Qaeda?
    • 3. What factors influence the success of the Taliban?
    • 4. What ties do the Taliban have to Pakistan?
    • 5. Why is it so difficult for Pakistan to govern the tribal areas?
    • 6. Why do some people believe that Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf doesn't really want to control the Taliban?
    • 7. What evidence is there that Osama bin Laden or Al Qaeda may be staying in the tribal areas?
    • 8. What is Afghanistan's reaction to the recent agreement between Pakistan and the pro-Taliban militants?
    • 9. What are the connections between the Pakistani army and the Taliban?
  • 11. “Boy-Next-Door to Terrorist” (Upfront) "One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter." – referenced by Omar Hammami