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    Sharia Sharia Presentation Transcript

    • Pre Class
      • Read the article about the young girl who was sentenced to death in Somalia in 2008.
      • What is Sharia law? How was it implemented in this case?
    • Sharia Law PSSA Prep
      • Constructed Response Essay Grading
      • Did you?
        • Identified the 2 categories of Islamic Law (Family Law, Criminal Law) – 4 points
        • Define Criminal Procedure - 3 points
        • Identify one similarity and one difference – 4 points
    • What is Sharia?
      • The way of life encouraged by Allah (God) in the Koran and Sunna
      • Interpreted and strictly implemented in some places
        • Saudi Arabia, Iran, Sudan, Pakistan, Malaysia, Nigeria
      • Calls for harsh punishment in some cases (severing of limbs, stoning, hanging, flogging)
    • Hudud Offenses
      • Crimes that have specific penalties
        • Alcohol consumption = lashing
        • Theft = amputation of limbs
      • Most Islamic countries have NOT adopted these
      • Deterrent? Symbolic?
    • Return of Sharia Law
      • Nigeria
        • Segregation of the sexes
        • Women can’t work outside the home/share taxis with men
      • Human Rights advocates say it favors MEN
        • in Saudi Arabia, a women's testimony in court is worth half that of a man's testimony
        • Under the so-called zina law in Pakistan, extramarital sex is punishable by public whipping or even stoning to death.
        • If a woman is raped, she runs a high risk of being charged with zina, particularly if she becomes pregnant. In order to prove an absence of consent, however, a woman is required to provide four witnesses to the rape, a near impossible task.
      Source: BBC.com
    • Examples of Sharia Law Cases (from PBS NewsHour Extra)
      • Afghan Abdul Rahman was arrested in February 2006 for converting to Christianity. Formerly a Muslim, Rahman was charged with rejecting Islam but his case was dismissed in March of 2006, after human rights groups and international organizations protested, supposedly because of problems with the prosecutors' evidence. He could have faced the death penalty if convicted.
      • Mirza Tahir Hussain, a citizen of Great Britain, was convicted in 1989 of murdering a taxi driver in Pakistan, but was cleared in 1996 by a secular court. He was then retried and found guilty in an Islamic one, the Federal Sharia Court, and was sentenced to death. He spent a total of 18 years on death row and was released on November 17, 2006 after international outcry and a plea for clemency by Prince Charles.
    • Nigeria - Some basic facts
      • Muslims = 1/5 of the world’s population
      • 1/5 of Africans are Nigerian
      • 50% of Nigerians are Muslim
      • Nigeria is the world’s 6 th largest oil producer, YET most Nigerians are poor
      • Sharia Law (Muslim way of life) leads to conflict between Christians (40%) and Muslims (50%) in Nigeria
    • Amina Lawal was sentenced to death by stoning in Nigeria in 2002. What do you think her offense was?
    • Amina Lawal’s Case
      • What surprised you about this case and its outcome?
      • What do you think about the charges against Amina Lawal and the outcome of her case?
      • Why might people in the predominantly Muslim northern states of Nigeria wish to be governed by Sharia?
    • Pre Class
      • Recall our discussion of Sharia Law yesterday…
      • In what ways is Sharia law different from the American legal system?
      • What similarities can you think of between Sharia law and American law?
    • Sharia Law v. American Law
      • legal interpretation, harsh punishment, security
      • Issues:
        • The 2 nd amendment (right to bear arms)
        • The death penalty
        • National security v. rights of individuals
      • Group Directions:
        • Read and answer questions independently
        • Discuss answers with group members
        • Be prepared to share with the whole class
    • Legal Interpretation
      • The Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution reads as follows: "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”
      • How do you interpret this law?
      • Why do some people interpret Sharia as a way of life and others as a legal code?
    • Severe Punishment
      • What is the most severe punishment under U.S. law?
      • What are some harsh punishments under Sharia law?
      • Why do societies implement harsh punishments?
      • Why might some societies embrace Sharia?
    • Security v. Freedom
      • Can you think of a time when Americans sacrificed personal freedoms for the sake of security?
      • Would you want your rights suspended for the sake of security?
      • What rights would you be willing to give up for the sake of security?
    • Civil Liberties post-9/11
      • The Patriot Act - Sections 215 and 213
      • 213, called "the sneak and peek provision" by opponents, permits investigators to get a warrant to search a home and to delay telling its owners about it.
      • Section 215 allows the FBI to order any person or entity to turn over "any tangible things," so long as the FBI specifies that the order is "for an authorized investigation . . . to protect against international terrorism or clandestine intelligence activities."
      http:// www.teachablemoment.org/high/patriotact.html
      • Hudud crimes – most serious crimes; punishments dictated by Koran
        • murder, theft, robbery, damaging someone’s reputation, drinking alcohol, deserting the faith (last 2 aren’t serious in some countries)
        • Punishments = harsh
        • Proof of guilt = high (must have 2 witnesses to crime to impose punishment)
      • Qesas crimes – retaliation; victim/victim’s family can determine punishment; “eye for an eye;” can ask for money (diya) instead of punishment
      • Tazir crimes – less serious; punishments vary from country to country; qudi have freedom
        • Bribery, business crimes
        • Punishments = fines, public/private reprimand/seizure of property/jail/flogging
    • You be the Qudi! Punishment Type of Offense Crime