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India Under British Rule
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India Under British Rule

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  • 1. Rudyard Kipling’s “White Man’s Burden”
  • 2. With a partner, read Rudyard Kipling’s “White Man’s Burden” and answer the following questions, using complete sentences:
    • What was "the white man's burden"?
    • What did Kipling mean by "exile"?
    • Who were the "captives"?
    • What is meant by the phrase "To seek another's profit, And work another's gain"?
    • What does Kipling predict will happen "when your goal is nearest"?
    • According to this poem, what rewards will the white man reap for his efforts?
  • 3.
    • PreClass – Recall our study of Imperialism to answer the following questions.
    • Define Imperialism.
    • List 2 reasons why the Europeans were interested in Africa.
    • What were some of the effects of Imperialism in Africa?
  • 4. Extent of the British Empire in 1886 What is the purpose of this map? How could it be seen as imperial propaganda?
  • 5. The British in India
  • 6. Imperialism
    • Control by one country of the political, social and economic life of another country or region.
    • Motives
      • Political
      • Cultural
      • economic
  • 7. Mughal Empire
    • Ruled N. India, Pakistan 15-1600s
    • Muslims – ruled a large Hindu majority
      • Religious tolerance
      • Centralized govt.
      • Influenced art, architecture
  • 8. Early European Influence
    • 1498 – Portuguese arrive
      • trading posts, missionaries
    • 1600s -Dutch, French and British broke into Portuguese trade monopoly
  • 9. The East India Company
    • Est. in 1600
    • Trading posts, forts at Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata
    • gold and silver (Br.) for spices, silk, tea, textiles (cotton)*** (Indian)
    • 1700s – Br. v. French – Brits win control of trade
    • British trading company (investors)
    • traded mainly in cotton, silk, indigo dye, tea, and opium
    • Controlled India through military power
  • 10.
    • EIC – ruled directly and indirectly
      • Taxes, Land, legal code, court system
    • Br. checked power of EIC
    • Grievances
      • Outlawed Hindu rituals (suttee)
      • High taxes on farmers
      • missionaries
    East India Company Rule
  • 11.  
  • 12. Sepoy Rebellion - 1857
    • Sepoys – Indian troops in Br. Army
    • Violations of religious principles
      • Rifles greased with beef/pork fat
      • Fight in foreign lands (lose caste)
    • New Delhi – spread across northern/central India
    • Br. Put down uprising
    • EFFECT: DISTRUST BETWEEN BRITISH AND INDIANS
    • Sepoys – Indian troops in the British army
    • Religious problems:
      • Rumor: cartridges for new rifles were greased with beef or pork fat!
      • Fighting overseas would cause Hindus to lose caste
    • Rebellion across N and C India
    • EFFECT: British take India as a colony!
    Sepoy Rebellion
  • 13. Areas of the Sepoy Mutiny, 1857
  • 14. Sepoy Rebellion - 1857
  • 15. Sepoys, 1850s
  • 16. Execution of Sepoys: “The Devil’s Wind”
  • 17. India becomes the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire
  • 18. Queen Victoria in India
  • 19. Queen Victoria: Empress of India
  • 20. British Empire - 1921
  • 21. Get creative!
    • Read the section that your group has been assigned.
    • Write down 7 important facts .
    • Creatively present your 7 facts to the class by creating one of the following:
      • Rap
      • Skit
      • Song
      • poem
    Get Creative!
  • 22. India: British Colony, 1858
    • Why?
      • Financial trouble for BEIC, sepoy rebellion
    • Ruled directly , except for 1/3 of subcontinent
    • Reformed law code and court system
  • 23. Effects of British Rule
    • New economic patterns
      • Industrial Revolution (1800s)
        • Markets – ruined Indian industries (especially cloth – cheap factory cloth replaces indigenous cloth making!)
      • Cash crops – to pay for British goods (tea, pepper, cotton)
  • 24.
    • Social Changes
      • Improved sanitary conditions = population growth, urbanization
      • “ English” education
      • Growth of educated middle class
    Effects of British Rule
  • 25. Pre Class
    • How did the British East India Company change during its 250-year history?  
    • Britain instituted some reforms during its hold on India. In what ways did those reforms benefit India? In what ways did they benefit the British?
  • 26. Indian Nationalism
    • Fueled by educated middle and upper classes
    • Indian National Congress (INC) – 1885
      • Demanded independence ( swaraj) post-WWI
      • Brits granted limited self govt. to some areas
  • 27. The Muslim League
      • Muhammad Ali Jinnah
      • wanted 2 separate nations (Hindu, Muslim)