India Under British Rule

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India Under British Rule

  1. 1. Rudyard Kipling’s “White Man’s Burden”
  2. 2. With a partner, read Rudyard Kipling’s “White Man’s Burden” and answer the following questions, using complete sentences: <ul><li>What was &quot;the white man's burden&quot;? </li></ul><ul><li>What did Kipling mean by &quot;exile&quot;? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the &quot;captives&quot;? </li></ul><ul><li>What is meant by the phrase &quot;To seek another's profit, And work another's gain&quot;? </li></ul><ul><li>What does Kipling predict will happen &quot;when your goal is nearest&quot;? </li></ul><ul><li>According to this poem, what rewards will the white man reap for his efforts? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>PreClass – Recall our study of Imperialism to answer the following questions. </li></ul><ul><li>Define Imperialism. </li></ul><ul><li>List 2 reasons why the Europeans were interested in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>What were some of the effects of Imperialism in Africa? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Extent of the British Empire in 1886 What is the purpose of this map? How could it be seen as imperial propaganda?
  5. 5. The British in India
  6. 6. Imperialism <ul><li>Control by one country of the political, social and economic life of another country or region. </li></ul><ul><li>Motives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>economic </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Mughal Empire <ul><li>Ruled N. India, Pakistan 15-1600s </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims – ruled a large Hindu majority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious tolerance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralized govt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced art, architecture </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Early European Influence <ul><li>1498 – Portuguese arrive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>trading posts, missionaries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1600s -Dutch, French and British broke into Portuguese trade monopoly </li></ul>
  9. 9. The East India Company <ul><li>Est. in 1600 </li></ul><ul><li>Trading posts, forts at Chennai, Mumbai and Kolkata </li></ul><ul><li>gold and silver (Br.) for spices, silk, tea, textiles (cotton)*** (Indian) </li></ul><ul><li>1700s – Br. v. French – Brits win control of trade </li></ul><ul><li>British trading company (investors) </li></ul><ul><li>traded mainly in cotton, silk, indigo dye, tea, and opium </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled India through military power </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>EIC – ruled directly and indirectly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxes, Land, legal code, court system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Br. checked power of EIC </li></ul><ul><li>Grievances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlawed Hindu rituals (suttee) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High taxes on farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>missionaries </li></ul></ul>East India Company Rule
  11. 12. Sepoy Rebellion - 1857 <ul><li>Sepoys – Indian troops in Br. Army </li></ul><ul><li>Violations of religious principles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rifles greased with beef/pork fat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fight in foreign lands (lose caste) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Delhi – spread across northern/central India </li></ul><ul><li>Br. Put down uprising </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECT: DISTRUST BETWEEN BRITISH AND INDIANS </li></ul><ul><li>Sepoys – Indian troops in the British army </li></ul><ul><li>Religious problems: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rumor: cartridges for new rifles were greased with beef or pork fat! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fighting overseas would cause Hindus to lose caste </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rebellion across N and C India </li></ul><ul><li>EFFECT: British take India as a colony! </li></ul>Sepoy Rebellion
  12. 13. Areas of the Sepoy Mutiny, 1857
  13. 14. Sepoy Rebellion - 1857
  14. 15. Sepoys, 1850s
  15. 16. Execution of Sepoys: “The Devil’s Wind”
  16. 17. India becomes the &quot;Jewel in the Crown&quot; of the British Empire
  17. 18. Queen Victoria in India
  18. 19. Queen Victoria: Empress of India
  19. 20. British Empire - 1921
  20. 21. Get creative! <ul><li>Read the section that your group has been assigned. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down 7 important facts . </li></ul><ul><li>Creatively present your 7 facts to the class by creating one of the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Song </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>poem </li></ul></ul>Get Creative!
  21. 22. India: British Colony, 1858 <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial trouble for BEIC, sepoy rebellion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ruled directly , except for 1/3 of subcontinent </li></ul><ul><li>Reformed law code and court system </li></ul>
  22. 23. Effects of British Rule <ul><li>New economic patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution (1800s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Markets – ruined Indian industries (especially cloth – cheap factory cloth replaces indigenous cloth making!) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cash crops – to pay for British goods (tea, pepper, cotton) </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. <ul><li>Social Changes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved sanitary conditions = population growth, urbanization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ English” education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth of educated middle class </li></ul></ul>Effects of British Rule
  24. 25. Pre Class <ul><li>How did the British East India Company change during its 250-year history?   </li></ul><ul><li>Britain instituted some reforms during its hold on India. In what ways did those reforms benefit India? In what ways did they benefit the British? </li></ul>
  25. 26. Indian Nationalism <ul><li>Fueled by educated middle and upper classes </li></ul><ul><li>Indian National Congress (INC) – 1885 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demanded independence ( swaraj) post-WWI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brits granted limited self govt. to some areas </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. The Muslim League <ul><ul><li>Muhammad Ali Jinnah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wanted 2 separate nations (Hindu, Muslim) </li></ul></ul>

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