Election of 1912

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Election of 1912

  1. 1. 1912: The Election that Changed the Century Some images, text courtesy Ms. Susan M. Pojer
  2. 3. <ul><li>In groups: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop your Platform – What are your views on the following big issues? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s suffrage, Race relations, Trusts, Tariff, Labor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each person in the group should be able to present ONE element of your platform to the class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Now…Let’s run your campaign and see if you’d win! </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>TR said that Taft, “had the most lovable personality I have ever come in contact with” </li></ul>Handing off responsibility to Taft in 1909
  4. 5. <ul><li>“ I very keenly share your disappointment in Taft, and in a way perhaps feel it even more deeply than you do, because it was I who made him President” ~ T.R. </li></ul>“ Roosevelt was my closest friend,” he said brokenly. Then he could restrain himself no longer, and he began to weep. ~ Taft
  5. 6. <ul><li>Roosevelt and Taft brawl while Uncle Sam looks on in the British magazine Punch </li></ul>
  6. 7. The Candidates
  7. 8. The Republican Party & President William H. Taft
  8. 9. Keep the Whistle Blowing Taft was determined to defeat TR and preserve the conservative heart of the Republican Party.
  9. 10. The GOP After the Circus TR  The Republican Party must stand for the rights of humanity, or else it must stand for special privilege.
  10. 11. The Progressive Party & Former President Theodore Roosevelt People should rise above their sectarian interests to promote the general good.
  11. 12. Theodore Roosevelt at Osawatomie, KS: New Nationalism Big business requires big government.
  12. 13. The Anti- Third-Term Principle
  13. 14. The “Bull Moose” Party: The Latest Arrival at the Political Zoo We stand at Armageddon, and we battle for the Lord! ONWARD, CHRISTIAN SOLDIERS!
  14. 15. The Socialist Party & Eugene V. Debs The issue is Socialism versus Capitalism. I am for Socialism because I am for humanity.
  15. 16. Growth of the Socialist Vote 901,873 1912 641,789 34,115 607,674 1910 438,509 14,021 424,488 1908 351,308 20,265 331,043 1906 441,776 33,546 408,230 1904 277,257 53,763 223,494 1902 130,336 33,405 96,931 1900 82,204 82,204   1898 36,274 36,275   1896 30,020 30,020   1894 21,512 21,512   1892 13,704 13,704   1890 2,068 2,068   1888 Total Socialist Labor Party Socialist Party Year
  16. 17. The Democratic Party & Governor Woodrow Wilson (NJ) Liberal reformer, trust-buster, independent of party bosses
  17. 18. The Reform Governor of NJ: It Takes Time to Remove the Grime
  18. 19. Pres. William Taft (Republican incumbent) Teddy Roosevelt (Progressive/ Bull Moose Party) Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) Eugene Debs Socialist Party Both Reformers – fought for votes in the middle (Moderates) Liberal Conservative
  19. 20. <ul><li>Women’s Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Child Labor/Workers’ Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Protective Tariff </li></ul><ul><li>Big Business/Trusts </li></ul><ul><li>Reform Party Platforms: </li></ul><ul><li>New Nationalism – TR </li></ul><ul><li>New Freedom – Wilson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>** both called for a more active government role in economics and social welfare issues </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. “ FATHEAD!” “ dangerous egotist!” “ guinea pig brain!”
  21. 22. “ Don’t interfere when your enemy is destroying himself.”
  22. 23. The Results
  23. 24. An Actual 1912 Ballot
  24. 25. GOP Divided by Bull Moose Equals Democratic Victory! Wilson was the second of only two Democrats to be elected President between 1860 and 1932.
  25. 26. <ul><li>¾ of Americans voted for parties of CHANGE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>T.R. and Taft – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wilson - 6 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debs - 1 million </li></ul></ul>Wilson didn’t have a majority, BUT Republicans split the vote – WILSON WINS!
  26. 27. <ul><li>Cartoon depicting William Howard Taft and Theodore Roosevelt lying exhausted after the 1912 presidential campaign and saying, “Cheer up! I might have won.” </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Election Results <ul><li>By 1912, 100,000 fewer people had voted for Wilson than had voted for Bryan in 1908. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1912 election marked the height of the Socialist movement in America. </li></ul>
  28. 29. How did the election of 1912 change politics in America for the rest of the 20c?
  29. 30. The nature of government was debated - The people WANTED the government to be involved in their lives!
  30. 31. As Big As a Balloon Tariff Reform
  31. 32. Conservation Issue: The Ballinger- Pinchot Controversy
  32. 33. The Unanswerable Argument for Suffrage
  33. 34. Never Again! Taft Abandons Support for Women’s Suffrage
  34. 35. TR & Women’s Suffrage: The Militant Recruit
  35. 36. Woman Suffrage Before 1920
  36. 37. Songs of the Sunny South
  37. 38. Lynching & the Race Issue
  38. 39. Trying to Catch the Colored Vote
  39. 40. Mr. Lewis Gets His Share
  40. 41. Oh, That This Too, Too Solid South Would Melt!
  41. 42. On Uncle Sam’s Farm The Democratic party took control of the Senate for the first time in 20 years.
  42. 43. The GOP: An Extinct Animal?
  43. 44. For Further Reading
  44. 45. BIBLIOGRAPHY <ul><li>“ 1912—Competing Visions for America.” Ohio State University. http://history.osu.edu/projects/1912/ </li></ul><ul><li>HarpWeek/Elections. “Election of 1912.” http://www.elections.harpweek.com/ </li></ul>
  45. 46. The Industrial Worker : I. W. W. The first American labor group to open its membership to all wage-earning workers, regardless of skill, nationality, race, sex, or gender.

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