“The Revolution was a radical experiment in liberty whose success was never guaranteed.”
One revolution or many?• Different groups had different reasons for supporting the Revolution – New England Puritans wanted to protect autonomy and liberties – African Americans – freedom from bondage?• UNITY – they asserted their rights as British citizens – Rejected taxation without representation• New government was RADICAL – got rid of traditional monarchy in favor of purely representative govt.
Complaints, Complaints!• What complaints do you have about the way that young people are treated in our country?• How have you expressed these complaints to others?• What solutions do you propose to fix these injustices?
Structure of the Declaration• Preamble &Statement of beliefs: the reasons for writing down the Declaration (from "WHEN, in the Course of human Events" to "declare the Causes which impel them to the Separation."). What reason(s) did the Founding Fathers give for their decision to write out a declaration? – Basic human rights – equality, natural rights (life, liberty, pursuit of happiness) – Social contract (John Locke) – • Governments get their power from the people whom they govern • When a government stops protecting the people’s rights (breaks the contract) it is the people’s RESPONSIBILITY, DUTY, to get rid of that government in order to protect themselves and secure their rights• List of complaints: the offenses that have led up to the declaration – Violations of the colonists’ civil, political and economic freedoms/liberties – ***listing all of these complaints allows Thomas Jefferson to justify WHY the colonists are breaking away from British rule• Statement of prior attempts to redress grievances – TJ says the colonies have tried time and again to reach a peaceful solution, but have been unsuccessful – their attempts haven’t been matched by King George and Parliament• Declaration of independence: What will change in the colonies as a result of the Declaration? THEY WILL BE INDEPENDENT and continue to fight for their independence
Evidence of John Locke’s social contract theory
PreClassWhat are the responsibilities of independence?
"When the Colonies declared their independencefrom Britain, they had a flag and an army. What they lacked was a government."• Having just released themselves from Britains monarchy, what would the colonists fear?• Judging from some of the complaints the colonists had against Britain, what might some of their concerns be for any future government?• As in the hypothetical situation on the desert island, what decisions would the colonists have to make about forming a new government out of 13 colonies, which, until 1776, had basically been running themselves independently?
Closing• What do you think the FF proposed as changes to the AoC when they met at the Constitution Convention in Philadelphia?
• On a field trip to Tahiti, you’ve became stranded—without any adults and with little hope of being rescued in the foreseeable future—on a very hospitable tropical island.• How will you work together? How will you create rules? How will you deal with people who group members think are not following the rules?
What will you have to consider in creating your own government?Discuss in groups:1. How will you make sure that anyone who feels unfairly treated will have a place to air complaints?2. How will you make sure that people can have peace and quiet?3. How will you make sure that group members will help if outsiders arrive who threaten your group?4. How will you make sure that the improvements you make on the island (such as shelters, fireplaces and the like) will be used fairly?5. How will you make sure that group members will be free to do what they want as long as it doesnt hurt anyone else?6. How will you make sure that the rules and organizations you develop protect future generations?
• How will you make sure that anyone who feels unfairly treated will have a place to air complaints? (establishing justice)• How will you make sure that people can have peace and quiet? (ensuring domestic tranquility)• How will you make sure that group members will help if outsiders arrive who threaten your group? (providing for the common defense)• How will you make sure that the improvements you make on the island (such as shelters, fireplaces and the like) will be used fairly? (promoting the general welfare)• How will you make sure that group members will be free to do what they want as long as it doesnt hurt anyone else? (securing the blessing of liberty to ourselves)• How will you make sure that the rules and organizations you develop protect future generations? (securing the blessing of liberty to our posterity)