Buddhism

2,766 views
2,558 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,766
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
36
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Buddhism

  1. 1. Pre Class <ul><li>Write a paragraph that explains the basic principles of Hinduism using the words below. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brahman </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shiva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vishnu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reincarnation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Varna/Caste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dharma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Karma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Samsara </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moksha </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Religions of South Asia
  3. 3. Buddhism in the Subcontinent
  4. 4. Video Questions <ul><li>What did Siddhartha see when he left the palace? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is Mara? </li></ul><ul><li>What does Siddhartha conclude from his journey outside the palace walls? </li></ul><ul><li>What steps does Siddhartha take in an attempt to achieve enlightenment? </li></ul><ul><li>What is an ascetic? </li></ul>
  5. 5. SIDDHARTHA <ul><li>566-486 BCE (Nepal) </li></ul><ul><li>Kshatriya </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to limit priests’ (Brahmans’) powers </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Queen Maya's Dream
  7. 7. Birth of Buddha
  8. 8. AWAKENING <ul><li>SIDDHARTHA disobeyed his father and left the palace </li></ul><ul><li>he saw: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Old age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He concluded: life is full of suffering ! </li></ul>
  9. 9.                                    Buddha's Encounter with Death Buddha's Encounter with Death
  10. 10. Path to Enlightenment <ul><li>Siddhartha renounced his wife, child and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Set out to seek the way of Enlightenment </li></ul>The Buddha Leaves His Sleeping Wife and Child
  11. 11. THE AWAKENING OF SIDDHARTHA GAUTAMA
  12. 12.                                    Buddha's Asceticism Buddha's 6 Years of Asceticism
  13. 13. Discovery of “Middle Way”
  14. 14. TEMPTATION <ul><li>MARA – the demon king: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DEATH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>POWER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DESIRE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FEAR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Siddhartha was unflinching, achieved enlightenment </li></ul>
  15. 15. THE BUDDHA: Sanskrit: “budh” = English: “wake up”
  16. 16. Buddha’s Intent: Bodhisattva – one who delays their own nirvana to enlighten others
  17. 17. THE TEACHINGS OF THE BUDDHA: THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS & THE NOBLE EIGHTFOLD PATH
  18. 18. BUDDHISM <ul><li>All living things die and are reborn in cycle of samsara </li></ul><ul><li>BREAK THE CYCLE by getting rid of desire: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NIRVANA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wheel of Life </li></ul>
  19. 19. AFTER DEATH… <ul><li>CYCLE OF REBIRTH KNOWN AS SAMSARA… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ONE CAN BE REBORN IN 1 OF 6 REALMS KNOWN AS THANGKAS: THE HELLS, WORLD OF HUNGRY GHOSTS, ANIMAL WORLD, HUMAN WORLD, WORLD OF JEALOUS GODS AND HEAVENS </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Tibetan Buddhist Mandalas
  21. 21. THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS <ul><li>1. Life = SUFFERING </li></ul><ul><li>2. Suffering is caused by DESIRE </li></ul><ul><li>3. Suffering can be cured by RESISTING DESIRE (achieving the state of Nirvana) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Following the 8 Fold Path will lead to NIRVANA </li></ul><ul><li>NIRVANA = NO DESIRE FOR MATERIAL POSSESSIONS or pleasures </li></ul>
  22. 22. Noble 8 Fold Path to Nirvana/Enlightenment <ul><li>Right: </li></ul><ul><li>Views, intent, speech, conduct, livelihood, mindfulness, endeavors, meditation </li></ul>
  23. 23. Buddha's Parinirvana (“final”/”highest” nirvana) &quot;The trees burst into full bloom out of season, bent down over the Buddha, and showered his body with their flowers, as if to do him supreme honor. There were heavenly flowers that rained down and scattered over the venerable one. . . . And the world was like a mountain whose summit has been shattered by a thunderbolt; it was like the sky without the moon.&quot;
  24. 24. Spread of Buddhism <ul><li>Monasteries and convents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived monastic life/8 fold path </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Three Baskets of Wisdom – sacred texts </li></ul><ul><li>Missionaries spread throughout Asia </li></ul>
  25. 25. Spread of Buddhism
  26. 26. Other Forms of Buddhism <ul><ul><li>Theravada (S/SE Asia - monastic life, no ritual, conservative) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mahayana (Japan/China - prayer/ritual important, emphasis on Buddha and other enlightened ones (bodhisattvas)) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tibetan – Bodhisattvas include Lamas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zen - Seeks enlightenment through meditation alone (no ritual); Beauty, art, and aesthetics </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Potala Palace <ul><li>Lhasa, Tibet </li></ul><ul><li>Ten Questions for the Dalai Lama </li></ul>Tenzin Gyatso, the current Dalai Lama. 
  28. 28. Buddhism in America (1999)
  29. 29. Comparing Hinduism and Buddhism <ul><li>In your notebook: </li></ul><ul><li>Create a bow tie (VENN Diagram) that compares Hinduism and Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>At least 3Similarities in the middle </li></ul><ul><li>At least 4 differences on each side </li></ul>

×