A Basic Citation Overview
   Font
        Times New Roman

    Spacing
        At ends of sentences, use two spaces after punctuation excluding ...
Headings
   5 levels

         Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading

Left Justified, Boldface, Uppercase an...
    More detailed info regarding reducing bias
         Using the correct amount of specificity in writing when describi...
     Publisher Location
          Both city and state required for nonperiodical publisher information
            New ...
   Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)
       Affects periodicals and books obtained online
       DOI is meant to provid...
Author, A.A. (date). Title of article. Title of Journal,
  volume(number), page numbers. doi: xx.xxxxxx

Matson, J., & Sho...
   Provide the home URL for the journal

Author, A.A. (date). Title of article. Title of Journal,
  volume(number), page ...
   Retrieval date is no longer needed unless the
    source information may change over time
   Not necessary to provide...
   EasyBib
       Offers free automatic citation for MLA style only
         Responsible for proper capitalization
   ...
Information borrowed from

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association,
  6th edition. Second Printing: A...
   Melissa Place
   Phone: (956) 316-7046
   Email: placema@utpa.edu
   Reference department: (956) 381-2752
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APA 6th edition

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Changes to the 6th edition of APA

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APA 6th edition

  1. 1. A Basic Citation Overview
  2. 2.  Font  Times New Roman  Spacing  At ends of sentences, use two spaces after punctuation excluding reference citations, initials, and abbreviations  My name is Melissa. What is yours? I am fine.  Running Head  Is in header, left justified , all caps, and is on same line as page number throughout the paper MY RUNNING HEAD 3  Write out numbers expressing approximate lengths of time  about five months ago  Direct quotes from online material with no pagination  Use “para.” not ¶ Place (2009) has suggested that “rocks are dumb”(para. 2).
  3. 3. Headings 5 levels Centered, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Left Justified, Boldface, Uppercase and Lowercase Heading Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period. Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading ending with a period.
  4. 4.  More detailed info regarding reducing bias  Using the correct amount of specificity in writing when describing populations and choosing terms carefully, such as “at risk”  In-text citations  If author’s name appears in the text, then any following nonparenthetical references to that same author within the same paragraph will not need the year; however, any following parenthetical references within the same paragraph must include the year In 2009, Place felt that APA is very confusing. In later years, Place still feels the same. Current data shows that APA causes confusion (Place, 2009).  If both author’s name and the year appear in parentheses first, the year must appear in any following citations within the same paragraph APA is very confusing (Place, 2009). In later years, Place (2009) still feels the same. Current data shows that APA causes confusion (Place, 2009).
  5. 5.  Publisher Location  Both city and state required for nonperiodical publisher information  New York, NY  Reference List for work with 6 or more authors  7or less authors, list all authors in reference citation  8 or more authors, list names of the first six authors, insert three ellipses, and then add the last author’s name Place, M.A., Zielstra. S.E., Borntrager, J.S., Gadberry, O., Greenbaum, R., Stuart, C.M., … Borntrager, L.D. (2010). Why animals are fun. Van Buren, AR: Smith-Williams.  Long quotes  Direct quote of 40+ words – indent; no quotation marks; cite author, date, and page numbers in parentheses; put parenthetical info after last punctuation of quote and no punctuation follows the parenthesis Borntrager (2009) believes that : Dachshunds are, without a doubt, the smartest animals in the world. All other animals, including humans should study the Dachshund to live a full life. Although cats appear to be more clever, it truly is the Dachshund, aka Wienie dogs, who rule the homes and the humans who are fortunate enough to reside with them. (p. 28)
  6. 6.  Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)  Affects periodicals and books obtained online  DOI is meant to provide a consistent link to the article’s location on the Internet  If article contains a DOI, URL not needed  If article does NOT contain DOI, URL needed
  7. 7. Author, A.A. (date). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(number), page numbers. doi: xx.xxxxxx Matson, J., & Shoemaker, M. (2009). Intellectual disability and its relationship to autism spectrum disorders. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30(6), 1107-1114. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2009.
  8. 8.  Provide the home URL for the journal Author, A.A. (date). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume(number), page numbers. Retrieved from URL Isaksen, J., & Holth, P. (2009). An operant approach to teaching joint attention skills to children with autism. Behavioral Interventions, 24(4), 215-236. Retrieved from http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/24375/h ome
  9. 9.  Retrieval date is no longer needed unless the source information may change over time  Not necessary to provide the name of the database from which the article was retrieved, such as Academic Search Complete or PsycINFO
  10. 10.  EasyBib  Offers free automatic citation for MLA style only  Responsible for proper capitalization  Knight Cite  Citation Machine  BibMe  Word 2007
  11. 11. Information borrowed from Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition. Second Printing: August 2009. Augusta State University, College of Education, Department of Educational Leadership, Counseling, and Special Education. Changes in 2010 sixth edition of APA guidelines. http://www.aug.edu/elcse/2010APAGuidelineChanges.pd f John P. Dugan. APA 6th edition: Notable changes and additions. Loyola University Chicago http://ocls.cmich.edu/APA%206th%20Edition%20CHANG ES.pdf
  12. 12.  Melissa Place  Phone: (956) 316-7046  Email: placema@utpa.edu  Reference department: (956) 381-2752

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