Louis Ndilula Cbnrm Namibia 31 03 09


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Maxi Louis, Kauna Ndilula, CBNRM Namibia

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  • Louis Ndilula Cbnrm Namibia 31 03 09

    1. 1. CBNRM Namibia Cape town March 2009 Maxi Pia Louis and Kauna Ndilula
    2. 2. Key topics to be covered: <ul><li>Overview of CBNRM Namibia </li></ul><ul><li>H istorical financing mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>CBNRM vision </li></ul><ul><li>Fund initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Workshop expectations </li></ul>
    3. 3. Overview of CBNRM in Namibia <ul><li>Independence of Namibia and the end of colonial rule in 1990 resulted with the abolishment of apartheid </li></ul><ul><li>One of the first African nation to adopt conservation of the environment into its constitution </li></ul><ul><li>Evolving economy and associated changes in land use – moving towards integration of wildlife, tourism into rural development approach </li></ul><ul><li>Considered by many to have the most dynamic and effective conservation / rural development program in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Human animal Conservation Self Insurance Scheme (HACSIS) </li></ul>
    4. 4. Overview (continued) Unlocking and promoting Namibia’s comparative advantages? <ul><li>Policy and Legislative Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion of Innovative Conservation / Development Approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freehold Conservancies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communal Conservancies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concessions Policy for National Parks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public / Community / Private Conservation Linkages </li></ul>
    5. 5. Overview (continued) Unlocking community opportunities through Policy & Legislative reform Government Gazette of the Republic of Namibia N$1.20 Windhoek - 17 June 1996 No. 1333 Government Notice Page No. 151Promulgation of Nature Conservation Amendment Act, 1996 (Act 5 <ul><li>Rights granted to Rural Communities: </li></ul><ul><li>Conditional Rights over Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Rights To Revenue from Wildlife and Tourism </li></ul><ul><li>55 Conservancies gazetted to date </li></ul><ul><li>12,273,600 Hectares </li></ul><ul><li>Aprx. 39% of total surface area in Namibia under Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>14.4% of land covered by Conservancies on communal </li></ul>
    6. 6. Overview (continued) Empowerment: 1 in 8 Namibians <ul><li>>80 Communities mobilized into representative governance bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Additional 70,000 people in emerging conservancies </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>Treat rural residents as respected & valued partners and they will then become the solution to conservation and not the problem! </li></ul>Community attitudes to Conservation “We do not hate conservation just the problems –and in not being allowed to benefit!”
    8. 8. Benefits from Communal Area Conservancy in 2007: US$
    9. 10. Financial program benefits are growing Total for 2007: US$ 5,2 mil
    10. 11. Number of tourist arrivals into Namibia: 1989-2006 <ul><li>Massive growth in Tourism Sector since 1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Now over 800,000 visitors a year </li></ul><ul><li>6.9% growth projected for next 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>72,000 tourism related jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 16% of GDP </li></ul>
    11. 12. Historical Funding mechanisms? <ul><li>Donor funding (WWF, EC, USAID, SIDA, NORAD,DANIDA, DFID) </li></ul><ul><li>Namibian Government (ICEMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Private sector funding </li></ul><ul><li>In kind contribution by Conservancies and the Namibian Government </li></ul><ul><li>Joint venture funding </li></ul>
    12. 13. Challenges vs Strategies <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Demand on support services </li></ul><ul><li>Demand on local technical capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Financial compliance / accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Human wildlife conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations / Utopia </li></ul><ul><li>Integration with other livelihood strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain Political Support / Goodwill </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and implement long term objectives and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Address Capacity and Implementation Approaches of Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a Long Term Funding Strategies </li></ul>
    13. 14. CBNRM Vision A Namibian CBNRM Programme which empowers present and future generations to manage integrated wildlife and other natural resources as a recognized and valued rural development option
    14. 15. Sustainability Fund initiative <ul><ul><li>Engagement of sustainability finance coordinator with the objective to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d evelop a sustainability finance strategy (funding mechanisms) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>secure stakeholder buy in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>implement strategy together with stakeholders </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Workshop expectations <ul><li>Learn from other countries with comparable set – ups </li></ul><ul><li>L earn from others on trust fund establishment </li></ul><ul><li>F undraising strategies in mobilizing sizable funding support </li></ul><ul><li>E stablish network relations </li></ul>
    16. 17. Thank You!