Phonemes are the smallest unit of sound in a word. For example: The word “ big ” in Big Bird has 3 phonemes… /b/, /i/, /g/ The word “ bird ” is a little more tricky. How many phonemes can you Recognize in the word “ bird ”? Big Bird
Phonemes can be anywhere throughout the word… In the word “hat”, the first phoneme is /h/. In the word “cow”, the middle phoneme is /o/. In the word “can”, the last phoneme is /n/.
Phonemes may consist of more than one letter… In the word “ sh oe”, the / sh / is a phoneme. Can you find a phoneme in the word “clock” that consists of more than one letter?
Some phonemes may sound like other phonemes, depending on their usage. Example: In the word “cat”, the /c/ can be Mistaken for the phoneme /k/. Another example, in the word “phone”, the /ph/ can be mistaken for the phoneme /f/.
Blending VS. Segmenting Segmenting: Being able to break apart a word into phonemes. Blending: Being able to put phonemes together to form words. BAT = B + A + T VS. B + A + T = BAT