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  • 1. The Alphabets and Their Sounds                                                                                                                           
  • 2. Consonants VS. Vowels 5 main vowels in the English language: Consonants: All other letters that are not vowels. * b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, M, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z *
  • 3. Vowels, a closer look…
  • 4. Phonemes are the smallest unit of sound in a word. For example: The word “ big ” in Big Bird has 3 phonemes… /b/, /i/, /g/ The word “ bird ” is a little more tricky. How many phonemes can you Recognize in the word “ bird ”? Big Bird
  • 5. Phonemes can be anywhere throughout the word… In the word “hat”, the first phoneme is /h/. In the word “cow”, the middle phoneme is /o/. In the word “can”, the last phoneme is /n/.
  • 6. Phonemes may consist of more than one letter… In the word “ sh oe”, the / sh / is a phoneme. Can you find a phoneme in the word “clock” that consists of more than one letter?
  • 7. Some phonemes may sound like other phonemes, depending on their usage.                             Example: In the word “cat”, the /c/ can be Mistaken for the phoneme /k/. Another example, in the word “phone”, the /ph/ can be mistaken for the phoneme /f/.
  • 8. Blending VS. Segmenting Segmenting: Being able to break apart a word into phonemes. Blending: Being able to put phonemes together to form words. BAT = B + A + T VS. B + A + T = BAT
  • 9. Let’s practice!
    • Name the first phoneme in each of the following words:
    • Ball
    • Dog
    • Cake
    • Name the middle phoneme in each of the following words:
    • Cat
    • Box
    • Rice
    • Name the last phoneme in each of the following words:
    • Blanket
    • Bag
    • End
  • 10. … Practice continued
    • Break the following words apart into their phonemes:
    • Cord
    • Fan
    • Lamp
    • Blend the following phonemes together to form a word:
    • /m/ + /a/ + /t/
    • /d/ + /e/ + /n/
    • /ch/ + /i/ + /ck/
  • 11. Great Job Everyone! Next time we are going to learn about Putting words together to form sentences !