Transmission Model of Communication<br />Melisa Nahimana<br />
Definition<br />A model invented by Shannon and Weaver<br />Model that was invented in 1949<br />It has been considered a mathematical interpretation of how communication between different parties is ought to function<br />The purpose of the model is to communicate to one another<br />According to the book Communication Theories in action, communication can be defined as “ a systematic process in which individuals interact with and through symbols to create and interpret meanings.”<br />The transmission model of communication helps us assist how communication works<br />
Elements of the Transmission Model<br />Sender <br />Encoding<br />Message<br />Channel<br />Receiver<br />Decoding<br />Feedback<br />Noise<br />
Sender<br />Source of the message <br />Responsible for the encoding of a message<br />Responsible for the success or failure of the sending of a message<br />Accountable for accurate information delivery<br />Chooses the transmission channel of the message<br />Initially leads the argumentative environment<br />Presents in front of an audience <br />Sender presents one out of multiple truths<br />By representing a certain truth, the sender sets a standard for a new idea<br />Sender has to follow the continuum of argumentative certainty ( Marteney, 14)<br />
Encoding<br /><ul><li>Verbal and nonverbal symbols
Transformation if idea into the universal reality , e.g. virtual reality
Perception process ( Marteney, 71) to come t light during the encoding process
Filters that may be used could be psychologically, physically, sensitively or formally ( Marteney 74-75)</li></li></ul><li>Message<br />The matter the source or sender is communicating about <br />Considered the object of communication, controlled by the sender<br />Verbal or nonverbal<br />To receive for the sender<br />Manner for the sender to convey a certain matter<br />Messages can include claims, and contentions- <br />Claims and contentions may incorporate evidence and reasoning ( Marteney )<br />
Channel<br />Means for the sender to communicate to the receiver<br />Outlet to send a message back from the receiver to the sender ( also known as feedback)<br />Usage as avenue to conversean argument in the area of critical thinking<br />Path for an individual to express oneself verbally or non-verbally<br />To stimulate one of the five senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell<br />Channels contain the right time, place and occasion ( Marteney, 85)<br />Consideration of word choice, ambiguity, definition and intensity( Marteney, 85)<br />Meanings reflected through channel, either denotative or connotative<br />The critical thinker must therefore use the channel eloquently, so that his or her argument is going to be admitted as a reliable truth<br />
Motivation of the audience also to be related to be a sufficient receiver ( Marteney)</li></li></ul><li>Decoding<br />Converting code symbols back into information –conducted by the receiver<br />Translation to a specific interpretation which has been encoded by the sender<br />Contexts may influence the way one decodes an idea<br />Perception process ( Marteney, 71) to come to light during the decoding process<br />Arguments supported by claims, contentions and evidence to be interpreted in a certain way<br />
Feedback <br />Information send back to the source<br />Part of a cause and effect chain<br />Verbal and nonverbal manner of respond<br />Comes from the receiver of a message<br />Purpose is to modify the sender’s idea or implication<br />Feedback can include the same elements of the message: claims and contentions<br />Claims and contentions supported by evidence and reasoning<br />
Noise<br />Anything that disrupts or distorts the communication process<br />Verbal and nonverbally<br />Noise does not necessarily have to come from the audience or anyone in the room <br />Maybe viewed as negative disruption<br />Noise may also be a source of an indirect message-e.g. the matter of the orator may not be appropriate for the audience<br />
Transmission Model in Critical Thinking<br />Through the lenses of the Transmission Model, a truth can be communicated to an audience<br />The matter mathematically to be explained through the transmission model, which should be followed by a qualified persuader<br />Reasoning needed to be understood for all parties included <br />Foundations of Knowledge to be essential on Decision-making situations- which is the reason why the speaker must know what he or she is conversing about<br />Argumentative Environment to be created by the speaker with the assistance of the Transmission Model<br />Inclusion of the audience by understanding its context, and accepting its feedback should be incorporated in the critical thinking process<br />
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