Transmission model of communication


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Transmission model of communication

  1. 1. Transmission Model of Communication<br />Melisa Nahimana<br />
  2. 2. Definition<br />A model invented by Shannon and Weaver<br />Model that was invented in 1949<br />It has been considered a mathematical interpretation of how communication between different parties is ought to function<br />The purpose of the model is to communicate to one another<br />According to the book Communication Theories in action, communication can be defined as “ a systematic process in which individuals interact with and through symbols to create and interpret meanings.”<br />The transmission model of communication helps us assist how communication works<br />
  3. 3. Elements of the Transmission Model<br />Sender <br />Encoding<br />Message<br />Channel<br />Receiver<br />Decoding<br />Feedback<br />Noise<br />
  4. 4. Sender<br />Source of the message <br />Responsible for the encoding of a message<br />Responsible for the success or failure of the sending of a message<br />Accountable for accurate information delivery<br />Chooses the transmission channel of the message<br />Initially leads the argumentative environment<br />Presents in front of an audience <br />Sender presents one out of multiple truths<br />By representing a certain truth, the sender sets a standard for a new idea<br />Sender has to follow the continuum of argumentative certainty ( Marteney, 14)<br />
  5. 5. Encoding<br /><ul><li>Verbal and nonverbal symbols
  6. 6. Idea and thought being reflected
  7. 7. Information is based on the production of the sender
  8. 8. Dependant on the sender
  9. 9. Transformation if idea into the universal reality , e.g. virtual reality
  10. 10. Perception process ( Marteney, 71) to come t light during the encoding process
  11. 11. Filters that may be used could be psychologically, physically, sensitively or formally ( Marteney 74-75)</li></li></ul><li>Message<br />The matter the source or sender is communicating about <br />Considered the object of communication, controlled by the sender<br />Verbal or nonverbal<br />To receive for the sender<br />Manner for the sender to convey a certain matter<br />Messages can include claims, and contentions- <br />Claims and contentions may incorporate evidence and reasoning ( Marteney )<br />
  12. 12. Channel<br />
  13. 13. Channel<br />Means for the sender to communicate to the receiver<br />Outlet to send a message back from the receiver to the sender ( also known as feedback)<br />Usage as avenue to conversean argument in the area of critical thinking<br />Path for an individual to express oneself verbally or non-verbally<br />To stimulate one of the five senses: sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell<br />Channels contain the right time, place and occasion ( Marteney, 85)<br />Consideration of word choice, ambiguity, definition and intensity( Marteney, 85)<br />Meanings reflected through channel, either denotative or connotative<br />The critical thinker must therefore use the channel eloquently, so that his or her argument is going to be admitted as a reliable truth<br />
  14. 14. Receiver<br /><ul><li>Audience
  15. 15. The end of the communication channel
  16. 16. Decoded message to be listened and observed by the recipient
  17. 17. To be beneficiary of critically analyst information from the dispatcher
  18. 18. Eligible to send back feedback
  19. 19. Meaning of the message to be understood by receiver
  20. 20. Receiver to be target
  21. 21. Motivation of the audience also to be related to be a sufficient receiver ( Marteney)</li></li></ul><li>Decoding<br />Converting code symbols back into information –conducted by the receiver<br />Translation to a specific interpretation which has been encoded by the sender<br />Contexts may influence the way one decodes an idea<br />Perception process ( Marteney, 71) to come to light during the decoding process<br />Arguments supported by claims, contentions and evidence to be interpreted in a certain way<br />
  22. 22. Feedback <br />Information send back to the source<br />Part of a cause and effect chain<br />Verbal and nonverbal manner of respond<br />Comes from the receiver of a message<br />Purpose is to modify the sender’s idea or implication<br />Feedback can include the same elements of the message: claims and contentions<br />Claims and contentions supported by evidence and reasoning<br />
  23. 23. Noise<br />Anything that disrupts or distorts the communication process<br />Verbal and nonverbally<br />Noise does not necessarily have to come from the audience or anyone in the room <br />Maybe viewed as negative disruption<br />Noise may also be a source of an indirect message-e.g. the matter of the orator may not be appropriate for the audience<br />
  24. 24. Transmission Model in Critical Thinking<br />Through the lenses of the Transmission Model, a truth can be communicated to an audience<br />The matter mathematically to be explained through the transmission model, which should be followed by a qualified persuader<br />Reasoning needed to be understood for all parties included <br />Foundations of Knowledge to be essential on Decision-making situations- which is the reason why the speaker must know what he or she is conversing about<br />Argumentative Environment to be created by the speaker with the assistance of the Transmission Model<br />Inclusion of the audience by understanding its context, and accepting its feedback should be incorporated in the critical thinking process<br />