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Galicia and its bodies of water

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  • 1. Geography of Galiciaand its bodies of waterMarch 2012
  • 2. Spain: location
  • 3. Southern EuropeArea: 504,645 km²7.800 km of coast,incluiding theCanary andBalearic IslandsSpain: location
  • 4. Spain: seas and oceans
  • 5. Mediterranean Sea: warmer thanthe othersCantabric SeaAtlantic Ocean
  • 6. The mediterranean coasts:∗ Mild temperatures∗ Irregular rainfallSpain: different climatesInland : the climate is more extreme• Low temperatures in Winter and high in Summer• Irregular rainfallNorth:•Low temperatures in Winter and mild inSummer•Abundant rainfall
  • 7.  Situated in Northwestern Spain Area of 29,574 km² 1500 km of coast Four provinces: three of them are in the sea shore. Oceanic climate: Winters and Summers are mild with abundant rainfallGalicia: our region
  • 8. ∗ Ocean/Seas. Most important. They condition theclimate∗ Rivers∗ Lakes (fresh water) and lagoons (salt water)∗ Subterranean watersGalicia’s bodies of water: types
  • 9. ∗ The most important geographical feature of our coast∗ Inlet that advances into the ocean∗ They coincide with the mouth of a river∗ They are subject to the tidesRias (estuaries)Rivers that flow into the rias
  • 10. RiasNorthernRias:Ferrol,Coruña…SouthernRias:Arousa,Pontevedra…They are different in theheight of the coast and intheir size
  • 11. They are very productive due to the rise of cold waterscoming from Atlantic currentsRiasRias of Coruña, Betanzos and Ferrol
  • 12. TIDESThe average tide is approximately 2.7 metersToday (March 15th) High tide: 1 m Low tide: 1,1 m
  • 13. Ria of Ferrol:data Average salt in sea: 34-35,6/1000 g salt/kg water Mix of fresh water and seasalt water. Salinity suffers variations inWinter due to continentalwater. This influence is muchsmaller at depths over 20metersSurface water temperatureMinimum of 10-12 ºC in WinterMaximum of 18-20 ºC in Summer
  • 14. Rias uses Fishing RecreationCariño harbour (near Ferrol)Coruña harbour
  • 15. Fishing in Galicia1,500 km of coast4,500 km2aprox. of fishing groundINDICATORS:1 boat/km217 fishermen/km of coast4 fishermen/km24 sale points/100km of coastCedeira harbour (near Ferrol)
  • 16. Fishing• Shellfish on foot: 5,693people• Shellfish on boat: 4,836people• Inshore fishing: 9,249 people• Deep-sea fishing: North Sea5,177 people• Aquaculture (turbot): 4,264people• Rafts: mussels and oysters Ría of Vigo with rafts
  • 17. Shellfishing
  • 18. Main species captured
  • 19. ∗ Ferrol∗ A Coruña∗ Vigo∗ Vilagarcía∗ Marín∗ San CipriánHarboursFerrol harbour with a huge cruise
  • 20. ∗ A Coruña∗ Vigo∗ Cedeira∗ Celeiro∗ RibeiraFishing portsGran Sol fleet, Vigo Celeiro (Lugo)A Coruña
  • 21. ∗ Beaches. In Galicia there are hundreds of beaches. Only 15km from Ferrol we have more than 21 beachesWater sports:∗ Surf∗ Rowing∗ Sailing∗ Canoeing∗ Scuba divingRecreational usesGalicia has:• 86 nautical installations (20% of Spain’s)•12,000 moorings•19,000 licenses to practice water sportsDoniños beach. Ferrol
  • 22. The Pantin ClassicInternationalCompetition takes placein Pantín, near Ferrol,every SeptemberSurf
  • 23. Dinghy sailing race. Ferrol,August 2011Tall ships AtlanticChallenge 2009. VigoSailingSailing is a sport with a big tradition here in Galicia
  • 24. Tradicional Galician BoatsChalanaDorna
  • 25. NATIONAL PARKSAtlantic Islands National Park (SouthwesternGalicia)Cies Island National Park
  • 26. Coastal LagoonsThey are small and briny in different degreesThey are important to safeguard the typical Galicianflora and fauna (wetlandNear Ferrol we have two lagoonsDoniños lagoon Valdoviño lagoon
  • 27. ∗ Shipyards in Ferrol and Vigo∗ 2011: 55 % of all the vessels built in Spain.∗ 2012: 28 % of all the vessels built in Spain.The Naval restructuring began in 1982 and hasn’t finished yet.Naval IndustryFerrol shipyard
  • 28. In Galicia there are many small rivers, but the most importantones are the Miño(310 km) and its tributaire the SilRiversMiño river and Roman bridgein OurenseSil river
  • 29.  Human supply. Recreation. Power IrrigationRiver UsesTraditional irrigation channel in Galicia
  • 30. Human supply: damForcadas dam: Ferrol’s supply of drinking water
  • 31. Used years ago to wash clothes by hand. Now theyare being restored and preserved as part of Galicia’sethnographic heritage.Human supply: washing places
  • 32. Waste water treatment plantsin Galicia
  • 33. Energetic use of the rivers Galicia is one of thebiggest producers ofhydroelectric power inSpain 147 hydroelectric powerstations (large and small) 38 large hydrolectricpower stationsFervenza dam in the Xallas river(Coruña)
  • 34. Small Hydroelectric Power Stations(less than 10 MW)Belelle river
  • 35. Hydroelectric Power Stations(10-50 MW)
  • 36. Subterranean Waters• Wells: used years ago to get drinking water.• Fountains: very common in many Galician towns andvillages.St. Roque fountain (18thcentury) FerrolFurado river fountain (Ferrol)
  • 37. ∗ Very common in Galicia.∗ Used since Roman times to treat respiratory, rheumatic or skin deseases.∗ The most important ones are in Ourense and the hot water flows at morethan 60 ºC.∗ Nowadays, most of them are part of spas.Hot springsRoman hot spring in Ourense
  • 38. THANK YOU VERYMUCH FOR YOURATTENTION