Simple Organic Compounds

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  • Simple Organic Compounds

    1. 1. Chapter 4Section 1 
    2. 2. Simple OrganicCompounds
    3. 3. Did you know thatthe Earth’s crust is less than 1%carbon, but...ALL living things onEarth are made ofcarbon-containing compounds.
    4. 4. Carbon can bond easily andtherefore, formsmany compounds.An element thatoften bonds with carbon is Hydrogen.
    5. 5. Organic Compounds? 5
    6. 6. many compounds that contain carbon 6
    7. 7. Most living things contain carbon. 7
    8. 8. Where is the carbon??
    9. 9. Hydrocarbons? 9
    10. 10. A compound containing onlyhydrogen and carbon. The simplest hydrocarbon is methane. 10
    11. 11. If you remove one hydrogen from amethane molecule, the result will be a methyl group, -CH3. 12
    12. 12. The methyl group can form a singlebond with anothermethyl group, which makes.....14
    13. 13. ....Ethane
    14. 14. Saturated Hydrocarbons? 16
    15. 15. A hydrocarbon molecule in which all the bonds are single bonds. 17
    16. 16. But what are the saturated with? 18
    17. 17. But what are the saturated with? Hydrogen!! The carbon atoms aresaturated with hydrogen. 19
    18. 18. Saturated Hydrocarbons
    19. 19. Notice that the ending of each name are -ane. Another name for these hydrocarbons are called alkanes.
    20. 20. 22
    21. 21. •These short hydrocarbon chains have lowboiling points, so they evaporate and burneasily. 22
    22. 22. •These short hydrocarbon chains have lowboiling points, so they evaporate and burneasily.•That makes them a good fuel for yourstove furnaces, grills, or lanterns. 22
    23. 23. •These short hydrocarbon chains have lowboiling points, so they evaporate and burneasily.•That makes them a good fuel for yourstove furnaces, grills, or lanterns.•Longer hydrocarbons are found in oils andwaxes. 22
    24. 24. •These short hydrocarbon chains have lowboiling points, so they evaporate and burneasily.•That makes them a good fuel for yourstove furnaces, grills, or lanterns.•Longer hydrocarbons are found in oils andwaxes.•Carbon can form chains of 100s or 1000sof carbon atoms. WOW! 22
    25. 25. •These short hydrocarbon chains have lowboiling points, so they evaporate and burneasily.•That makes them a good fuel for yourstove furnaces, grills, or lanterns.•Longer hydrocarbons are found in oils andwaxes.•Carbon can form chains of 100s or 1000sof carbon atoms. WOW!•These long chains make up many of theplastics that you use. 22
    26. 26. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons? 23
    27. 27. Hydrocarbons that contain double or triple bonds. The carbon are notsaturated with hydrogens. 24
    28. 28. In a double bond, two pairs of electrons are sharedbetween two atoms, and in a triple bond, 3 pairs of electrons are shared. 25
    29. 29. Unsaturated Hydrocarbons?Ethene is the simplest hydrocarbon.
    30. 30. Notice that the endings are -ene. Theseunsaturated hydrocarbons are also called alkenes.
    31. 31. Unsaturated hydrocarbons can also have triple bonds. Ethyne is used for welding because it produces high heat as it burns.The unsaturated hydrocarbons are called alkynes.
    32. 32. Isomers? 29
    33. 33. Compounds that have the molecularformula but different arrangements are called isomers. 30
    34. 34. The atoms in an organic compounds canhave different arrangements but still have the same molecular formula. 31
    35. 35. Hydrocarbon Isomers
    36. 36. Hydrocarbon in Rings Notice the prefix cyclo-.
    37. 37. Hydrocarbon in Rings
    38. 38. Turn to Page 101 35
    39. 39. Fin ish ed

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