Cells

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  • Cells

    1. 1. cell structure Cells
    2. 2. Common Cell Traits Cell membrane•outer covering of cell•made of one or more layers oflinked molecules Cytoplasm •inside every cell •gelatin-like •contains hereditary material that controls the life of the cell
    3. 3. comparing cells
    4. 4. comparing cellsnerve cells can be 1m long
    5. 5. comparing cellsnerve cells can be 1m long human egg cell is no bigger than the dot on this i
    6. 6. comparing cellsnerve cells can be 1m long human egg cell is no bigger than the dot on this ihuman red blood cells is 1/10 the size of a human egg cell
    7. 7. comparing cellsnerve cells can be 1m long human egg cell is no bigger than the dot on this ihuman red blood cells is 1/10 the size of a human egg cell bacterium are even smaller
    8. 8. comparing cellsnerve cells can be 1m long human egg cell is no bigger than the dot on this ihuman red blood cells is 1/10 the size of a human egg cell bacterium are even smaller - 8000 can fit inside a human egg cell
    9. 9. cell typesPROKARYOTIC CELLSno membrane bound structuresEUKARYOTIC CELLS membrane-bound structures
    10. 10. cell wall
    11. 11. cell wallfound in plants, algae, fungi, most bacteria
    12. 12. cell wallfound in plants, algae, fungi, most bacteria tough, rigid outer coverings that protect the cell and give it shape
    13. 13. cell wallfound in plants, algae, fungi, most bacteria tough, rigid outer coverings that protect the cell and give it shape Plant cell walls are mainly made of cellulose....which is?
    14. 14. cell wall found in plants, algae, fungi, most bacteria tough, rigid outer coverings that protect the cell and give it shapeWhat makes the cell walls rigid? Pectin and lignin! Plant cell walls are mainly made of cellulose....which is?
    15. 15. cell membrane
    16. 16. cell membraneprotective layer around all cells
    17. 17. cell membraneprotective layer around all cells if a cell has a cell wall, then the cell membrane is inside of it
    18. 18. cell membraneprotective layer around all cells if a cell has a cell what does it do? regulate wall, then the cell interactions between the cell membrane is and the environment inside of it
    19. 19. cell membraneprotective layer around all cells if a cell has a cell what does it do? regulate wall, then the cell interactions between the cell membrane is and the environment inside of it water can move into and out of cell through the cell membrane
    20. 20. cell membraneprotective layer around all cells if a cell has a cell what does it do? regulate wall, then the cell interactions between the cell membrane is and the environment inside of it water can move food particles and some into and out of cell molecules enter and waste through the cell products leave through the membrane cell membrane
    21. 21. cytoplasm
    22. 22. cytoplasmgelatin-like substancethat fills cells which is constantly moving
    23. 23. cytoplasmgelatin-like substance contains athat fills cells which is framework called constantly moving the cytoskeleton - this helps maintain or change the shape of the cell
    24. 24. cytoplasmgelatin-like substance contains athat fills cells which is framework called constantly moving the cytoskeleton - this helps cytoskeleton maintain or helps some change the shape cells move of the cell
    25. 25. cytoplasmgelatin-like substance contains athat fills cells which is framework called constantly moving the cytoskeleton - this helps cytoskeleton maintain or helps some change the shape cells move of the cellcytoskeleton is made up of thin, hollow tubes of protein and thin, solid protein fibers
    26. 26. organelles
    27. 27. organellescontained within the cytoplasm
    28. 28. organellescontained within the cytoplasm What do organelles do?
    29. 29. organelles contained within the cytoplasm What do organelles do?★process energy
    30. 30. organelles contained within the cytoplasm What do organelles do?★process energy★manufacture substances needed by the cell
    31. 31. organelles contained within the cytoplasm What do organelles do?★process energy★manufacture substances needed by the cell★move materials
    32. 32. organelles contained within the cytoplasm What do organelles do?★process energy★manufacture substances needed by the cell★move materials★act as storage sites
    33. 33. organelles contained within the cytoplasm What do organelles do?★process energy★manufacture substances needed by the cell★move materials★act as storage sites★are surrounded by membranes
    34. 34. organelles contained within the cytoplasm What do organelles do?★process energy★manufacture substances needed by the cell★move materials★act as storage sites★are surrounded by membranes★nucleus is usually the largest organelle
    35. 35. nucleus
    36. 36. nucleus direct s all cel l activ ities
    37. 37. nucleus direct s all cel l activ itiesis surrounded by a membrane
    38. 38. nucleus direct s all cel l activ itiesis surrounded by a membrane materials en ter and leave throug h t he membrane
    39. 39. nucleus direct s all cel l activ itiesis surrounded by a membrane a nucleolus is also within the nucleus materials en ter and leave throug h t he membrane
    40. 40. nucleus direct all cel s l activ itiesis surrounded by a membrane a nucleolus is also within the nucleus ction s f or materials en tains instru cell, ter andcon n t he leave throug r yt h in g i DN A h t he eve d on membrane founwhic h are
    41. 41. energy-processing organelles
    42. 42. energy-processing organelles cells need energy to: ✤process food ✤make new substances ✤eliminate wastes ✤communicate with each other
    43. 43. PLANTS
    44. 44. PLANTS๏food is made in green organelles called chloroplasts
    45. 45. PLANTS๏food is made in green organelles called chloroplasts๏contain green pigment chlorophyll
    46. 46. PLANTS๏food is made in green organelles called chloroplasts๏contain green pigment chlorophyll๏chlorophyll captures light energy that is used tomake glucose
    47. 47. ANIMALS
    48. 48. ANIMALS๏energy in food is storeduntil it is released by themitochondria
    49. 49. ANIMALS๏energy in food is storeduntil it is released by themitochondria๏organelles where energyis released from thebreakdown of food intocarbon dioxide and water
    50. 50. ANIMALS๏energy in food is storeduntil it is released by themitochondria๏organelles where energyis released from thebreakdown of food intocarbon dioxide and water๏muscle cells are moreactive, so they contain moremitochondria
    51. 51. manufacturing organelles
    52. 52. manufacturing organellesproteins take part in nearly every cell activity
    53. 53. manufacturing organelles proteins take part in nearly every cell activityProteins:
    54. 54. manufacturing organelles proteins take part in nearly every cell activityProteins:•part of cell membrane
    55. 55. manufacturing organelles proteins take part in nearly every cell activityProteins:•part of cell membrane•needed for chemical reactions that take place inthe cytoplasm
    56. 56. manufacturing organelles proteins take part in nearly every cell activityProteins:•part of cell membrane•needed for chemical reactions that take place inthe cytoplasm•are produced on small structures calledribosomes
    57. 57. ribosomes
    58. 58. ribosomes considered ano rganelle, but they do t have a m embraneno
    59. 59. ribosomes idered an receive directions from cons ut they do DNA on how, when,o rganelle, b embrane and in what order tono t have a m make specific proteins
    60. 60. ribosomes idered an receive directions from cons ut they do DNA on how, when,o rganelle, b embrane and in what order tono t have a m make specific proteins some fl oat free ly in cy some a toplasm ttach to , endopl t he asmic r eticulum
    61. 61. ribosomes idered an receive directions from cons ut they do DNA on how, when,o rganelle, b embrane and in what order tono t have a m make specific proteins some fl oat free ly in cy some a toplasm ttach to , made in the endopl t he asmic r nucleolus eticulum
    62. 62. processing, transporting, and storing organelles
    63. 63. processing, transporting, and storing organelles endoplasmic reticulum (ER)extends from thenucleus to the cell membrane
    64. 64. processing, transporting, and storing organelles endoplasmic a series of folded membranes reticulum (ER)extends from thenucleus to the cell membrane
    65. 65. processing, transporting, and storing organelles endoplasmic a series of folded membranes reticulum (ER) materials can beextends from the processed andnucleus to the cell moved around membrane inside of the cell
    66. 66. processing, transporting, and storing organelles endoplasmic a series of folded membranes reticulum (ER) rough materials can beextends from the vs. processed andnucleus to the cell smooth moved around membrane inside of the cell
    67. 67. processing, transporting, and storing organelles endoplasmic a series of folded membranes reticulum (ER) rough materials can beextends from the vs. processed andnucleus to the cell smooth moved around membrane inside of the cell Smooth ER process other cellular substances such as lipids that store energy
    68. 68. processing, transporting, and storing organelles endoplasmic a series of folded membranes reticulum (ER) rough materials can be extends from the vs. processed and nucleus to the cell smooth moved around membrane inside of the cellRough ER make proteins Smooth ER process other that are moved out of cellular substances such as the cell or used within lipids that store energy the cell
    69. 69. golgi bodies
    70. 70. golgi bodies Golgi bodies sort proteins and other cellular substances and package them into membrane-bound structures called vesicles.
    71. 71. golgi bodies Golgi bodies sort proteins and Proteins are made other cellular substances and and sent to the package them into membrane- Golgi bodies. Theybound structures called vesicles. travel in ...
    72. 72. golgi bodies Golgi bodies sort proteins and Proteins are made other cellular substances and and sent to the package them into membrane- Golgi bodies. Theybound structures called vesicles. travel in ... vesicles. Vesicles deliver cellular substances to areas inside the cell.
    73. 73. golgi bodies Golgi bodies sort proteins and Proteins are made other cellular substances and and sent to the package them into membrane- Golgi bodies. They bound structures called vesicles. travel in ... Cells have membrane-bound vesicles. Vesicles spaces called vacuoles for deliver cellular temporary storage of materials substances to(water, waste products, food, and areas inside theother cellular materials). They act cell. like the refrigerator of the cell.
    74. 74. recycling organelles
    75. 75. recycling organellesactive cells break downand recycle substances
    76. 76. recycling organellesactive cells break down lysosomes containand recycle substances digestive chemicals that help break down food molecules, cell wastes, and worn-out parts
    77. 77. recycling organellesactive cells break down lysosomes containand recycle substances digestive chemicalslysosome membrane that help break down keeps the chemicals food molecules, cellfrom leaking into the wastes, and worn-out cell parts
    78. 78. recycling organellesactive cells break down lysosomes containand recycle substances digestive chemicalslysosome membrane that help break down keeps the chemicals food molecules, cellfrom leaking into the wastes, and worn-out cell parts when a cell dies a lysosome’s membrane disintegrates, releasing digestive chemicals that quickly breakdown the cell’s contents
    79. 79. cell
    80. 80. cell a group of cells make up a
    81. 81. cell a group of cells make up a
    82. 82. cell a group of cells make up a tissue
    83. 83. cell a group of cells make up a tissuea group of tissues make up a
    84. 84. cell a group of cells make up a tissuea group of tissues make up a
    85. 85. cell a group of cells make up a tissuea group of tissues make up a organ system

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