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    Presentationch8 Presentationch8 Presentation Transcript

    • Curriculum LeadershipEarly Childhood and Elementary Curricula Chapter 8
      ICL 7001
      Fundamentals of Curriculum Development
      Dr. Thomas Rogers
      December 1, 2010
    • Presenters
      Melinda Hallock, Teacher
      Grahamwood Elementary
      Janice Lowe, Pre-school Teacher
      Head Start
      Rebecca H. Scott, Assistant Director
      Campus School
    • Quote
      • “The early years are transcendentally the most important, and if this nation wishes ultimately to achieve excellence, we will give greater priority and attention to the early years and start affirming elementary teachers instead of college professors as the centerpiece of learning.”
      Ernest L. Boyer, President of the Carnegie Foundation for Advancement of Teaching
    • History of Elementary Programs
      Established in the nineteenth century
      No knowledge or attention to the individual differences or stages of human development
      Schools were designed to educate upper and middle class boys
      Lower class girls and boys were taught to read for religious purposes
      Horace Mann
    • Key Characteristic of Elementary Programs
      Self-contained classrooms in which teachers teach all subjects
      Integrated curriculum
      Support areas for art, music, physical education and media
      Specialized classes for remediation, gifted, and speech therapy
      Extracurricular areas such as band and choir
      Team teaching and departmentalization is common in upper elementary
    • Importance of Elementary-Level Programs
      Elementary experiences provide the educational foundation as well as allows provisions for individual differences, flexibility and continuity in learning
      Intense influence on children
      Individual differences
      Sufficient knowledge
      Address social changes/forces
    • Early Childhood Programs
      Are receiving increased attention and support
      Educational trend of the future
      Public and private ; profit and non – profit
      No institutionalized system that guarantees the same experiences
      Inconsistent resources
      Head start , follow through , and Pre – K programs are the most popular public low income programs.
    • Early Childhood Program Statistics
      In 1965 , 65 % of five year olds attended kindergarten
      In 1991 , 31 % of three year olds and 52 % of four year olds were enrolled in pre – K programs
      In 1996 , the numbers rose to 37 % and 90 %
      In 2004 – almost 100% of five year olds attended Kindergarten
      In 2007 , 4 million children attended kindergarten.
    • Article I: Promoting Altruism in the Classroom
      Article By: E. H. Mike Robinson III
      and Jennifer R. Curry
    • Summary
      Altruism is a behavior motivated by concern for others or by internalized values , goals, and self rewards
      Altruism is a form of pro-social behavior and the truest form of caring
      Examples are: sharing, playing cooperatively, empathy
    • Research on Altruism
      Altruistic tendencies are biological
      Children learn to be altruistic through social interactions such as adult role modeling of ideal behaviors and conversations that stimulates cognitive formation and development of altruistic ideas
      Parenting style and social context
      Females respond empathically and verbally while boys offer physical support
      *Children have greater response to adults who model rather than simply make statements in favor of altruism
    • Creating Classrooms that Care
      Increase student awareness of altruism and greed (literature, media, etc)
      Increase volunteer and service learning opportunities
      Increase empathic orientation
      Promote internalization of values about helping
      Assist children in identifying their gifts for helping
    • Article II: Making Instructional Decisions Based on Data: What, How and Why
      Article by:
      Catherine A Rosemary
      Patricia A. Edwards
    • The Importance of Making Instructional Decisions based on Data
      Professional development data
      Classroom data
      Reading performance data
    • Instructional Decision Making
      Organize data so members are looking at different sets.
      Select a recorder.
      Partners analyze data.
      Put all information together
      Plan when and how everyone else will know the data
    • Instructional Decision Making
      Classroom Data Questions
      What are some instructional strengths?
      What aspects of instruction show a need for improvement?
      What content and strategies are emphasized in the instruction?
      What content and strategies are not emphasized?
      How do you explain the patterns you see in the data?
    • Article III: Implementing a Schoolwide Literacy Framework to Improve Student Achievement
      Article by:
      Douglas Fisher
      Nancy Frey
    • Rosa Parks Community School
      1,500 students
      100% free lunch
      78% Hispanic, 11% Asian, 8% African American, 3% White or Other
      Rosa Parks Community-highest crime area, poorest, and most in need of health and social services in San Diego
    • Core Beliefs about Literacy Instruction
      Learning is Social
      Conversations are critical for learning
      Reading, writing, and oral language instruction must be integrated.
      Learners require a gradual increase in responsibility.
    • Assignment
      Individual: Highlight the strategies that you use in your classroom.Group: 1. Discuss 3 of the strategies you use with your group and how you use them in your classroom.2. What are 2 strategies that you don’t use that you will implement in your classroom?
    • Article IV and V: Why is Kindergarten an Endangered Species and Learning to Read in Kindergarten
      Article IV by: Linda H. Plevyak and Kathy Morris
      Article V by: Bruce Joyce, Marilyn Hrycauk, and Emily Calhoun
    • StandardizedTesting
      A test designed to measure test takers against each others and to used to assess progress in schools. Standardized- Test scores often measure superficial thinking and the decisions can have significant impact on students' lives.
    • Teachers are feeling pressure and stressed because students are not scoring high enough on standardized test.
    • Kindergarten
      Pressure on Teachers
      Pressure on Parents
      Pressure on Students
      Retaining student due to poor scores on standardize tests.
    • Pre-Schools (Advantage)
      Early babysitter Services
      A Fresh Start for learning numbers, shapes, letters, colors , and simple words
      Social Skills- learning how to interact with other children
      Develop fine and large motor skills
      Pre-School is a mini- version of kindergarten
      Score high on a kindergarten readiness test than a non pre-schooled
    • Pre-School
      If a child does not attend pre-school, daycare, home school or head start they will be left behind. Kindergarten teachers feels that a child should be able to write their name, recognize colors, shapes and alphabets.
    • Where Do We Go FromHere
      Teachers need more help, better training, more learning tools for students, supplies and books. More emphasizes should be placed on learning instead of standardized testing. I believe that all students should have access to an quality education.
    • Article VI: Building a Community in Our Classroom: The Story of Bat Town, U.S.A.
      Article by: Andrea McGannKeech
    • Summary
      Students at Roosevelt Elementary School in Iowa City, used their knowledge from their town’s past to create a model community for their classroom using various genres of literature and social studies themes
      Roxaboxenby Alice Mclerran
      Must haves for successful classroom communities: Foundation, Atmosphere, Design, and Environment
    • Resources for Elementary Schools
      The First Six Weeks of SchoolPaula Denton and RoxannKriete
      Responsive Classroom
      Quantum Learning Foundations
      Roxaboxen by Alice Mc Lerrran’s