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1881 jim crow laws



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  • 1. 1865 the American Civil war ends The Civil War ends and the abolition of slavery is a fact.
  • 2. 1881 - Jim Crow Laws The Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. Some examples of Jim Crow laws are the segregation of public schools, public places and public transportation, and the segregation of restrooms, restaurants and drinking fountains for whites and blacks. The U.S. military was also segregated.
  • 3. Civil Rights Timeline
  • 4. 1909 - NAACP  National Association for the Advancement of Colored People - They were a powerful voice in the struggle to improve the legal rights of African Americans and fought to bring an end to racial violence.
  • 5. May 17, 1954 - Brown vs. Board of Education  The Supreme Court ruling on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional. The ruling started the way for desegregation. The decision overturns the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson ruling that sanctioned "separate but equal" segregation of the races, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
  • 6. Dec. 1, 1955 - Rosa Parks   rosa-parks- Secretary of the local NAACP chapter, she refused to give up her seat at the front of the "Colored people" section to a white person. She was arrested. This started the Montgoery Bus Boycott.
  • 7. 1957-Little Rock Nine  The Little Rock Nine were the nine African-American students involved in the desegregation of Little Rock Central High School. Their entrance into the school in 1957 sparked a nationwide crisis when Arkansas governor Orval Faubus, in defiance of a federal court order, called out the Arkansas National Guard to prevent the Nine from entering. President Dwight D. Eisenhower responded by federalizing the National Guard and sending in units of the U.S. Army to escort the Nine into the school. The military presence remained for the duration of the school year.
  • 8. 1961- Medgar Evers  Civil rights activist Medgar Evers was born on July 2, 1925, in Decatur, Mississippi. In 1954, he became the first state field secretary of the NAACP in Mississippi. As such, he organized voter-registration efforts, demonstrations, and economic boycotts of companies that practiced discrimination. He also worked to investigate crimes perpetrated against blacks. On June 12, 1963, Evers was assassinated outside of his home in Jackson, Mississippi.
  • 9. 1963 March on Washington  On August 28, 1963, more than 200,000 Americans gathered in Washington, D.C., for a political rally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Organized by a number of civil rights and religious groups, the event was designed to shed light on the political and social challenges African Americans continued to face across the country. The march, which became a key moment in the growing struggle for civil rights in the United States, culminated in Martin Luther King Jr.’s "I Have a Dream" speech, a spirited call for racial justice and equality.
  • 10. 1963 - Martin Luther King Jr.  I have a dream  Martin Luther King,helped to establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, of which King is made the first president. The SCLC was a major force in organizing the civil rights movement and bases its principles on nonviolence and civil disobedience. On Aug. 28, 1963 Martin Luther King delivers his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. at the Lincoln Memorial at the "March on Washington.
  • 11. 1963 - 1965 - Malcolm X  Fiery minister at the Nation of Islam. Against what MLK Jr. stood for (non-violent protests), but in 1964 after visiting Islam's holy sites he started cooperating with civil rights leaders, In Feb. 21, 1965 he was assassinated by black muslims who considered him a traitor to the cause.
  • 12. 1964 Civil Rights Act  July 2, 1964 marked the day when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The bill prohibited discrimination due to race, religion, national origin, and genderthe This act enabled ALL citizens the right to enter public accommodations; such as parks, restaurants, libraries etc. to eliminate the separation of whites vs. minorities (mostly African- Americans).  http://edwardscivilrights.wee