From the Progressive Movement to the Present
The beginning of the 20th
century brought significant
changes in American social,
economical, political, and
Things Were Changing
• In the dawning of the 20th Century. contemporary
American Education begin to unfold.
o Many of the ideas that characterized this era had begun to take form in the
last portion of the 19th century.
• By 1918, school had become compulsory in every
• Programs were being developed and new
curriculum, beyond the ‘basics’ began to be taught
What Would Your Grandparents
Say About School?
How has the concept of “school” changed over the years?
• In 1857 the National Education Association (NEA)
was founded. It’s goal was to "elevate the character
and advance the interests of the profession of
teaching and to promote the cause of education in
the United States.”
o It continues to be a strong voice in Education today.
View their website – NEA
YOU MIGHT NEED TO LOOK BEHIND THIS SLIDESHOW WINDOW
• In 1901, Margaret Haley became the first woman to
speak to the general assembly of the NEA. She
continued to be a leader and advocate for teachers
and the labor policies that affected them
• The American Federation of Teachers was founded
in 1916 and they lobbied extensively to improve
working conditions and increase the prestige of the
• Still strong today, their goal is to “represent the
economic, social and professional interests of
• Ella Flagg Young, the first female superintendent
and president of the NEA, Catherine Goggin and
Margaret Haley played an important role in the
development of the AFT.
• The roaring 20’s was also the decade of the
birth of the Progressive Movement in
• Curriculum began to be student centered,
student driven, and attempted to create a
balance between collectivism and
• Programs were being developed to serve the
needs of students
o School lunch programs, transportation,
Progressive Education in the
• How does this differ from today?
• What do you think about the original
“progressive” for of education?
• Watch the following video --
AN INTERESTING OLDIE!
Compare and Contrast with today’s schools!
Who do you think might have benefited from this form of
education back them? Who do you think did NOT?
• The 1950's escorted in a new political concern for the United States as the
Soviets moved into Eastern Europe and asserted control over the many of the
countries in that region.
• The United States believed its mission was to prevent the further spread of
Communism and dominate the Soviets in every aspect.
• In 1957 the Soviet Union, set off a shock wave in the United States with the
first successful launch of an artificial satellite called Sputnik.
• Almost immediately politicians blamed this failing on the American
educational system claiming it wasn't rigorous enough and that more
attention needed to be paid to mathematics and science education.
• The federal government appropriated millions of dollars for educational
• Skim this article
• The article is also available on the weblink. Very interesting worth a look!
In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court had ruled that segregation
was constitutional as long as separate facilities were equal.
Since the 1930s, lawyers for the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) had traveled
throughout the South, gathering evidence to prove that
segregated schools were never equal and that black schools
were often desperately underfunded. By ending inequality
in schools, they hoped to bring down all segregation in
In 1950, having laid a foundation of protests and
legal challenges, the NAACP was ready to take its
case to the highest court in the land. That year, the
NAACP enlisted thirteen black parents in Topeka to
serve as plaintiffs in the case they were building.
They advised the parents to try to enroll their
children in white schools near their homes. That fall,
the Reverend Oliver Brown walked his eight-year-
old daughter Linda to the Sumner School…
The case, filed as Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, went to the Supreme Court, where it was argued by
Thurgood Marshall and other attorneys from the NAACP Legal Defense Fund. They spoke on behalf of plaintiffs not
only in Topeka, Kansas, but also in South Carolina, Delaware, Virginia, and the District of Columbia. On May 17, 1954,
Chief Justice Earl Warren announced the court’s unanimous decision: “It is doubtful that any child may reasonably be
expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education. Such an opportunity…is a right which must
be available to all on equal terms. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal
Desegregation – Still took years
Ruby Bridges - 1960
The case, filed as Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, went to the Supreme Court,
where it was argued by Thurgood Marshall and other attorneys from the NAACP Legal
Defense Fund. They spoke on behalf of plaintiffs not only in Topeka, Kansas, but also in
South Carolina, Delaware, Virginia, and the District of Columbia. On May 17, 1954, Chief
Justice Earl Warren announced the court’s unanimous decision: “It is doubtful that any child
may reasonably be expected to succeed in life if he is denied the opportunity of an education.
Such an opportunity…is a right which must be available to all on equal terms. Separate
educational facilities are inherently unequal.”
THE PROGRESSION OF
EDUCATION IN THE 1900’S
(In Three Minutes)
So How Far Have We COME?
What do YOU think should be the
role of Public Education?
How should our students be taught?
What do you see as the Pros or Cons of the
Progressive Movement and how it has
influenced education today?
Positive or Negative
What About The Issues WE Face TODAY?
What is YOUR Commentary on This?
• Create your own timeline of the History of
American education in this past century,
o 1900 – present and divided into 20 year periods.
• For each set of 20 years include the dominant
occurrences or movements that have affected
the development of American education as
well as the significant individuals for that time
period. Identify the educational focus for that
time period as well …….
Example of Some of the Info that
should be included
• 1900-1920 - Emergence of Progressive
o Education Movement John Dewey, Francis W.
Parker, Ella Flag Young
o Education was centered on the child.
o The notion of “learning by doing” was popularized.
o Schools took on a more democratic atmosphere
o The project method was introduced.
You May Be Creative!
You can create any kind or form of timeline as
long as the information is included.