A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com                  Evolution• 1. Humans have inherited a capacity to  habitua...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com  Research Findings about Genetics• a. Identical twins are very similar in t...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.comTypical characteristics of happy people• They devote a lot of time to family...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.comSet Point
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com              Circumstances• Perhaps the most counterintuitive finding is  t...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com       Happiness and Possesion• A wellknown study demonstrated that the  ric...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.comIntention
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com Behavior Pattern of Happiest People• They devote a great amount of time to ...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• They practice optimism when imagining their futures.• life s pleasures and...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• The king of Bhutan, the last Buddhist kingdom  in the Himalayas, nestled b...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• One study has shown that those who were  happy as college freshmen had hig...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com         Definition: Happiness• I use the term happiness to refer to the  ex...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com             Happiness Mthys• Happiness must be found  – I can’t wait to gro...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• God, grant me the serenity to accept the  things I cannot change,• the cou...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• Happy families are all alike; unhappy family is  unhappy in its own way.• ...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 1. Expressing gratitude: Counting your  blessings for what you have (eithe...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 2. Cultivating optimism: Keeping a journal in  which you imagine and write...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 3. Avoiding overthinking and social  comparison: Using strategies (such as...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 4. Practicing acts of kindness: Doing good  things for others, whether fri...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 5. Nurturing relationships: Picking a  relationship in need of strengtheni...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 6. Developing strategies for coping: Practicing  ways to endure or surmoun...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 7. Learning to forgive: Keeping a journal or  writing a letter in which yo...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 8. Doing more activities that truly engage you:  Increasing the number of ...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 9. Savoring lifes joys: Paying close attention,  taking delight, and repla...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 10. Committing to your goals: Picking  one, two, or three significant goal...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 11. Practicing religion and spirituality:  Becoming more involved in your ...
A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 12. Taking care of your body: Engaging in  physical activity, meditating, ...
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01 the how of happiness

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"The How of Happiness" A Lecture by Melih Arat

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01 the how of happiness

  1. 1. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com
  2. 2. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com
  3. 3. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com Evolution• 1. Humans have inherited a capacity to habituate to life’s circumstances. 2. Humans have also inherited the tendency to notice trouble, so that we take positive things for granted, but focus on the more troublesome aspects of life. 3. Humans seem to have an inner voice of dissatisfaction that prompts them to strive for more.
  4. 4. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com Research Findings about Genetics• a. Identical twins are very similar in their happiness scores; it does not matter if they have been brought up together or reared apart. b.Fraternal twins do not show the same pattern at all. This is because fraternal twins do not resemble each other any more than other siblings. c.Each individual has a genetically influenced set-point for his or her general feeling of happiness, and that 50 percent of the differences in people’s happiness levels are genetically determined. d.10 percent of the variance in happiness levels can be explained by situational factors. (rich/poor, healthy/unhealthy, married/single). e.40 percent seems to be within people’s own control.
  5. 5. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.comTypical characteristics of happy people• They devote a lot of time to family and friends.• They can easily express gratitude for what they have.• They are often the first to offer a helping hand to people who need it.• They have an optimistic outlook on the future.• They enjoy the pressures of like and live in the present.• They spend time doing physical exercise.• They are committed to lifelong goals and ambitions.• They cope well in times of crisis.
  6. 6. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.comSet Point
  7. 7. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com Circumstances• Perhaps the most counterintuitive finding is that as the chart shows, onlyabout 10 percent of the variance in our happiness levels is explained by differences in Life circumstances or situations-that is, whether we are rich or poor, healthy or unhealthy, beautiful or plain, married or divorced, etc. 10
  8. 8. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com Happiness and Possesion• A wellknown study demonstrated that the richest Americans, those earning more than ten million dollars annually, report levels of personal happiness only slightly greater than the office staff and blue-collar workers they employ.
  9. 9. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.comIntention
  10. 10. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com Behavior Pattern of Happiest People• They devote a great amount of time to their family and friends, nurturing and enjoying those relationships.• They are comfortable expressing gratitude for all they have.• They are often the first to offer helping hands to coworkers and passersby.
  11. 11. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• They practice optimism when imagining their futures.• life s pleasures and try to live in the present moment.• They savor physical exercise a weekly and even dally habit.• They are deeply committed to lifelong goals and ambItIons (e.g.,fighting fraud, building cabinets or teaching theIr children their deeply held values). .• Last but not least, the happiest people do have theIr share of stresses, crises, and even tragedies. They may become just as distressed and emotional in such circumstances as you or I, but their sec ret weapon is the poise and strength they show in coping in the ice of challenge.
  12. 12. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• The king of Bhutan, the last Buddhist kingdom in the Himalayas, nestled between India and China, decided that the best way to foster economic development would be to boost hisnations gross domestic happiness- that is, to focus on the CDH rather than on the GDP
  13. 13. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• One study has shown that those who were happy as college freshmen had higher salaries sixteen years later (when they were in their mid-thirties) without an initial wealth advantage.
  14. 14. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com Definition: Happiness• I use the term happiness to refer to the experience of joy, contentment, or positive well-being, combined with a sense that ones life is good, meaningful, and worthwhile.• Academic researchers prefer the term subjective well-being (or simply wellbeing)
  15. 15. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com
  16. 16. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com Happiness Mthys• Happiness must be found – I can’t wait to grow up and be happy• Happiness lies in changing our circumstances – I would be happy, if ….. Or when….• You either have it or you don’t – Happiness is a controlable factor.
  17. 17. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• God, grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change,• the courage to change the things I can, and• the wisdom to know the difference.“• German philosopher Reinhold Niebuhr
  18. 18. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com
  19. 19. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• Happy families are all alike; unhappy family is unhappy in its own way.• Leo Tolstoy / Anna Karenina
  20. 20. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 1. Expressing gratitude: Counting your blessings for what you have (either to a close other or privately, through contemplation or a journal) or conveying your gratitude and appreciation to one or more individuals whom youve never properly thanked.
  21. 21. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 2. Cultivating optimism: Keeping a journal in which you imagine and write about the best possible future for yourself or practicing to look at the bright side of every situation.
  22. 22. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 3. Avoiding overthinking and social comparison: Using strategies (such as• distraction) to cut down on how often you dwell on your problems Jnd• compare yourself with others.
  23. 23. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 4. Practicing acts of kindness: Doing good things for others, whether friends or strangers, either directly or anonymously, either spontaneously or planned.
  24. 24. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 5. Nurturing relationships: Picking a relationship in need of strengthening, and investing time and energy in healing, cultivating, affirming, and enjoying it.
  25. 25. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 6. Developing strategies for coping: Practicing ways to endure or surmount a recent stress, hardship, or trauma.
  26. 26. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 7. Learning to forgive: Keeping a journal or writing a letter in which you work on letting go of anger and resentment toward one or more individuals who have hurt or wronged you.
  27. 27. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 8. Doing more activities that truly engage you: Increasing the number of experiences at home and work in which you "lose" yourself, which are challenging and absorbing (i.e., flow experiences).
  28. 28. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 9. Savoring lifes joys: Paying close attention, taking delight, and replaying lifes momentary pleasures and wonders, through thinking, writing, drawing, or sharing with another.
  29. 29. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 10. Committing to your goals: Picking one, two, or three significant goals that are meaningful to you and devoting time and effort to pursuing them.
  30. 30. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 11. Practicing religion and spirituality: Becoming more involved in your church, temple, or mosque or reading and pondering spiritually themed books.
  31. 31. A lecture by Melih Arat – melarat.blogspot.com• 12. Taking care of your body: Engaging in physical activity, meditating, and smiling and laughing.
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