JOURNALISM HISTORY Nombre Matricula Luisa Aidee Melgoza Mtz 1432737
MEXICO The basics of journalism in our country goes back to colonialtimes, in the sixteenth century, when moving through the streets ofthe capital of New Spains famous preachers, that openlung shouting in public places or places of great competitionas the markets, the news. Obviously, this work was done under thesupervision of the colonial authorities, that throughthe council gavepermission to these ingenious men.
FIRST NEWSPAPER IN MEXICO "The American Wake"during the time of the War ofIndependence between1810 and 1811, were only 7numbers ending with the defeatof Hidalgo, was also spokesmanfor the ideas insurgents
FIRST 3 NEWSPAPERS IN MEXICO*La jornada*El universal*Milenio
JOURNALISM IN MEXICO The basics of journalism in our country goes back to colonial times, in the sixteenthcentury, when moving through the streets of the capital of New Spainsfamous preachers, that open lung shouting in public places or places of great competitionas the markets, the news. Obviously, this work was done under the supervision of the colonialauthorities, that through the council gavepermission to these ingenious men. In January 1722, the Catholic clergy and Dr. Juan Ignacio deCastorena yUrsua founded the Gaceta de Mexico and news from New Spain, considered the firstnewspaper in Mexico, where public religious information,official, commercial, social,mining and marine. This monthly organ lastedfrom January to June of that year.
MODERN JOURNALISM IN MEXICO Porfirio Diaz is attributed to support for the opening of The Guardiannewspaper was thenthe most modern Mexico. Founded in 1896 by RafaelReyes Espindola, The Examiner took theclassical model of U.S. newspaperswith their definition of sections, correspondents and newsservices in the province of the Associated Press (AP), which brought him more readers thanthey did your favorite runs and reaching up to 100 thousand. The Fair movedto the nineteenthcentury newspapers and Republican Monitor until then,were the more established publications inthe public taste.After the close of the Fair, the first of October 1916 theconstitutionalFelix F. Palavicini founded The Universal and the March 18,1917 RafaelAlducin does the same with Excelsior capitals leading newspapers thatremain today.
While the development of newspapers at that time was considered as anactivity meant abundant income, the practice of journalism was efficient for the disseminationof current thinking among a select group of readers who grew in number, as they were bringingdown the rates illiteracy throughout thecountry. There was very admirable examples of sane men who used as a forum for politicalstruggle newspapers as Jose Joaquin Fernandez de Lizardiin the American Thinker, 1812, wherehe spoke openly for the abolition of slavery. Along with the American Thinker Lizardi, otherpublicationsinsurgents emerged as the South of Jose Maria Morelos, the South Americanmail byJosé Manuel Herrera, the Universal Aristarchus of Lorenzo deZavalaand Illustrator Dr. José María National Cos. , among other things that spreadthroughmuch of Mexico the spirit of independence.
NEWSPAPERS IN UK The history of British journalism starts from the introduction ofprinting in the country in 1476 in Westminster by Caxton, aprinter who had worked in the Netherlands and had learned the art ofprinting in Cologne
FIRST NEWSPAPER IN UK In 1802 born the The Times, founded by John Walter inWeekly Political 1785 and is the deanRegister of W. Cobbett, regar of the dailyEnglishded as the firstworkers newspapers, lived its goldennewspaper and popular, but age, like all the Britishthe head of the English press, in the firstindustrial pressis half of the nineteenth century during thethe poor mans The Guardian "Victorian.
As in other countries, the creation of large groups of reportersduring the lastcentury entrepreneurs controlled communication, more interested ineconomic benefits. For example, Lord Northcliffe came to control theDaily Mail, The Times, The Observer and the Daily Mirror, thelatter directed at women, and in 1934 had become the first Englishnewspaper in tabloid format
DURING THE WAR 2 After the Second World War the number of newspapers in theUK fell by halfdue to lower advertising revenues, which werediverted to other media like television, andstrong competition, technological costs and labor problems .