There may be times when you don’t know exactly where your resource fits. This test can help you determine if your information is reliable. Depending on the question you are asking, different part of the criteria might be more important than others.
The CRAAP Test
C urrency The timeliness of the information
R elevance The importance of the information for your needs
A uthority The source of the information
A ccuracy The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information
When an author submits his or her research article to a scholarly journal, an editor will review it to see if it meets the criteria of that journal. If it does, the editor will send the article out for Peer Review .
[Peer Review is the process where other experts in the field will thoroughly review and evaluate the article and the research that was done. They check for accuracy of the information presented, validity and repeatability of the research, quality and appropriateness for the journal.]
Based on the feedback from the experts (i.e. “peers”), the author’s submission will be accepted, rejected or accepted with revisions. It is uncommon to accept a paper with no revisions. In most cases an author will need to make some changes before final publication.
Source: Simon Fraser University
ACADEMIC PUBLISHING PROCESS A researcher carries out research The researcher submits their paper to a journal. The editor reviews it and sends it out to multiple experts for peer review The reviewers examine the article. Sometimes the article might be outright rejected The researcher makes some edits. This process may be repeated until the article meets the standards of the reviewers. The publisher and experts review the paper. The paper is published in the journal Other researchers incorporate the findings in their research People engage with the findings of the article through social media People comment on the article through letters to the editor Open Access is revolutionizing this process.
How frequently the "average article" in a journal has been cited in a particular year (i.e. the average number of times that articles published in the journal in the two previous years (e.g. 2003-2004) were cited in a particular year (i.e. 2005).
SEARCHING A DATABASE. . . * (the asterisk wildcard) As the name implies, * can be substituted for any number of letters. This is particularly useful to include all words with a certain term and any suffix after it. Simply apply the asterisk to the end of a term and it will return all documents containing that term, followed by anything. For example: biostatistic* will find biostatistician or biostatistics or biostatistical
SEARCHING A DATABASE. . . Quotation Marks: " " Enclose specific phrases in quotation marks. This will direct the search engine to search the database for documents containing that exact phrase. A search for analytical chemist (without quotes) will return any document containing analytical and chemist with anything in between. If you place quotes around the phrase, searching for “facility management“ it will only documents with facility and management right beside each other.
Great search tools: http://infopeople.org/search/tools
Search Engine Database Advanced Boolean Other Search Options Miscellaneous Google google.com Advanced Search Ranks based on popularity (# of pages linked to) Full text of web pages and other documents on the web. AND (default) OR (capitalized) - to remove words or phrases. + to include common words * wildcard to replace word(s) (to * or * ) No truncation. Quotes for phrase. Stems some words ( + to turn off). Fields: intitle:, site:, inurl:, filetype: more . Similar pages - finds related sites. Language translations. ~ searches synonyms ( ~food ) define: finds definitions Tools: math/equivalents calculator , maps , stocks .- more Bing bing.com Advanced Search Full text of web pages and other documents on the web. Type up to 150 characters, including spaces, in the search box. AND (default) OR (capitalized) NOT (capitalized) to exclude words No truncation. Quotes for phrase. For dates, type the name of the month instead of the calendar number. Left panel, suggests related searches and shows search history. Translates similar to Google. Use Instant Answers for easy field searching. Ask.com www.ask.com Ask natural language questions as well as keyword searches. Plus: Images , News , Video . Natural language questions, not Boolean searches. Right sidebar offers links to related search results and search history. Provides links to image, news and video searches. Offers AskEraser , a search privacy feature.
SELECTED INTERNET SUBJECT DIRECTORIES Subject Directory Database Boolean Other search options Miscellaneous Yahoo Directory dir.yahoo.com Sites are submitted to Yahoo!'s team of editors, who visit and evaluate every site added to the Directory. AND (default) OR (capitalize) - to remove. Quotes for phrase. * to truncate. Fields : t:title; u: URL Search specific types of info: News , Sports , Maps , Weather , Shopping About.com about.com Content on About.com is written by a network of more than 750 Guides. About.com adds more than 3,000 new content items each week and approximately ten new topics each month. AND (default) , OR, NOT, Nesting ( ) Quotes for exact phrase. Browse "channels" (broad subjects like Jobs & Careers) or "topics" (broad keywords).