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There may be times when you don’t know exactly where your resource fits. This test can help you determine if your information is reliable. Depending on the question you are asking, different part of the criteria might be more important than others.
The CRAAP Test
C urrency The timeliness of the information
R elevance The importance of the information for your needs
A uthority The source of the information
A ccuracy The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information
When an author submits his or her research article to a scholarly journal, an editor will review it to see if it meets the criteria of that journal. If it does, the editor will send the article out for Peer Review .
[Peer Review is the process where other experts in the field will thoroughly review and evaluate the article and the research that was done. They check for accuracy of the information presented, validity and repeatability of the research, quality and appropriateness for the journal.]
Based on the feedback from the experts (i.e. “peers”), the author’s submission will be accepted, rejected or accepted with revisions. It is uncommon to accept a paper with no revisions. In most cases an author will need to make some changes before final publication.
Source: Simon Fraser University
Academic Publishing Process A researcher carries out research The researcher submits their paper to a journal. The editor reviews it and sends it out to multiple experts for peer review The reviewers examine the article. Sometimes the article might be outright rejected The researcher makes some edits. This process may be repeated until the article meets the standards of the reviewers. The publisher and experts review the paper. The paper is published in the journal Other researchers incorporate the findings in their research People engage with the findings of the article through social media People comment on the article through letters to the editor Open Access is revolutionizing this process.
Open Access (OA) Journals Journals that are freely available online - this term specifically refers to free scholarly journals
www.doaj.org (Peer Reviewed)
http://arxiv.org/ (not Peer Reviewed, although many may be submitted to journals, some very influential pieces can still be found here and may never be submitted to journals)
www.scirus.com comprehensive scientific research tool on the web. Allows you to search for journal content, scientists' homepages, courseware, pre-print server material, patents and institutional repository and website information.
Purchase Scholarly journals (can be expensive)
Explore what resources your employer provides (ask colleagues)
Your local public library
Institutional Repositories – online space for collecting, preserving and disseminating digital content usually in research institutions. You can often find pre-prints and other research in these spaces.
DSpace at MIT
What’s a Pre-Print?
Draft of a scientific paper that has not yet been published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.
Publication often takes weeks, months or even years.
The need to quickly circulate current results within a scientific community has led researchers to distribute pre-prints.
The immediate distribution of pre-prints allows authors to receive early feedback from their peers, which may be helpful in revising and preparing articles for submission.