Reflexives

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Reflexives

  1. 1. The Present Tense of Reflexive Verbs
  2. 2. Introduction to Reflexive Verbs <ul><li>The term reflexive verb describes a large class of verbs in Spanish whose subject acts on itself – does the action to itself. For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Tina combs her mother’s hair. </li></ul><ul><li>Tina combs her (own) hair. </li></ul><ul><li>In sentence one (i), Tina is the subject; the verb is combs ; and the object is her mom’s hair . In sentence two (ii), the subject is Tina ; the verb is combs and the object is her own hair . Sentence two (ii) would require the use of a reflexive verb as Tina does the action to herself. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reflexive Verbs <ul><li>Reflexive verbs show what a person does to him/herself. These verbs are easily identified as they have se at the end. Reflexive verbs also use reflexive pronouns which refer to the same person or thing as the subject. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reflexive Pronouns <ul><li>The reflexive pronouns are: </li></ul><ul><li>Me myself </li></ul><ul><li>Te yourself(informal) </li></ul><ul><li>Se himself, herself, yourself (formal) </li></ul><ul><li>nos ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>os yourselves(informal in Spain) </li></ul><ul><li>se themselves, yourselves (formal) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Reflexive Verbs <ul><li>The reflexive object pronoun precedes the conjugated verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Before the conjugated verb: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Me acuesto a las diez y media cada noche. </li></ul><ul><li>I go to bed at 10:30 each night. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Mi familia y yo nos desayunamos a las siete cada ma ñ ana </li></ul><ul><li>My family and I have breakfast at 7:00 every morning. </li></ul><ul><li>In the two examples above, the reflexive pronouns (me and nos) go before the </li></ul><ul><li>conjugated verbs. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Reflexive Verbs <ul><li>The reflexive verb is however attached to the infinitive and to the present participle of verbs. Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>With the infinitive: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Yo voy a cepillarme los dientes. </li></ul><ul><li>I am going to brush my teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) T ú vas a cepillarte los dientes. </li></ul><ul><li>You are going to brush your teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>*In the two examples above, the reflexive pronouns ‘me’ and ‘te’ are attached to the infinitive. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reflexive Verbs <ul><li>With the present participle: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Yo estoy cepillándome los dientes. </li></ul><ul><li>I am brushing my teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Carlos está cepillándose. </li></ul><ul><li>Carlos is brushing his teeth. </li></ul><ul><li>* The reflexive pronouns ‘me’ and ‘se’ are attached to the present participles. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Reflexive Verbs <ul><li>Lavarse las manos – to wash one’s hands </li></ul><ul><li>Yo me lavo las manos. Nosotros nos lav an las manos </li></ul><ul><li>Tú te lavas las manos Vosotros os lav áis las manos </li></ul><ul><li>Él </li></ul><ul><li>Ella se lava las manos Ellos </li></ul><ul><li>Ud. Ellas se lavan las manos Uds. </li></ul>
  9. 9. List of Reflexive Verbs <ul><li>ponerse + article of clothing – to put on </li></ul><ul><li>bañarse – to bathe </li></ul><ul><li>ducharse – to (take a) shower </li></ul><ul><li>cepillarse los dientes – to brush one’s teeth </li></ul><ul><li>afeitarse – to shave </li></ul><ul><li>peinarse – to comb one’s hair </li></ul><ul><li>levantarse – to get up </li></ul><ul><li>despertarse (e-i) – to wake up </li></ul>
  10. 10. List of Reflexive Verbs <ul><li>acostarse (o-ue) – to go to bed </li></ul><ul><li>dormirse (o-ue) to fall asleep </li></ul><ul><li>vestirse (e-i) – to get dressed </li></ul><ul><li>cortarse el pelo – to cut one’s hair </li></ul><ul><li>desayunarse – to have breakfast </li></ul><ul><li>almorzarse – to have lunch </li></ul><ul><li>enojarse – to get upset </li></ul><ul><li>burlarse de – to laugh at </li></ul><ul><li>quejarse – to complain </li></ul>

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