Natural disasters ellen meinecke

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Natural disasters ellen meinecke

  1. 1. Natural Disasters <br />
  2. 2. Earthquakes<br />Tornadoes<br />Volcanoes<br />Thunderstorms<br />Others we will not cover: Avalanches, floods, blizzards, tsunamis, and droughts.<br />Smiteme, “Hurricane Katrina-August 28, 2005” August 28, 2005 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-NoDerivsLicense.<br />Types of Natural Disasters<br />
  3. 3. Earthquakes<br />- The shaking, rolling or sudden shock of the Earths surface.<br /><ul><li>Usually last for less than one minute.
  4. 4. Effects very large areas.
  5. 5. Earthquakes are very unpredictable.</li></ul>Mike-Campbell, “Badly Damaged building in the CBD” September 6, 2010 via Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution and No Derivative Works License. <br />
  6. 6. Earthquakes<br />Signs of an earthquake:<br />- The ground shakes. - Shelves begin to shake.<br /><ul><li>Objects begin to sway. -There is a slight rumble sound.</li></ul> The Richter Scale (0-9) <br />Under 4= little to no damage, Above 6=major damage<br />
  7. 7. Earthquakes<br />What to do in an earthquake:<br />Drop to the floor.<br />Find cover under table or in a doorway.<br />Hold on through the shaking.<br />Remain where you are until told all is safe.<br />
  8. 8. <ul><li>Funnel-shaped clouds that </li></ul>develop mostly during <br />thunderstorms.<br />- Speeds can reach 300 mph.<br /><ul><li>Damage can be up to 1 mile</li></ul> wide and 50 miles long.<br />Tornadoes<br />Ryan-o “Parker Tornado” August 24, 2008 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution and No Derivative Works License.<br />
  9. 9. Tornado Alley:<br />Iowa<br />South Dakota<br />Nebraska <br />Colorado<br />Kansas<br />Oklahoma<br />Texas<br />Tornadoes<br />Dan Craigs. “Tornado Alley Diagram” September 18, 2009 via Wikipedia, Creative Commons Share-Alike License.<br />
  10. 10. On the News:<br />Tornado Watch: Tornadoes are possible, continue on as normal, but stay tuned in for updates.<br />Tornado Warning: A tornado has been spotted, take appropriate cover.<br />Tornadoes<br />
  11. 11. Volcanoes<br /><ul><li>Mountains that hold molten lava under its surface.
  12. 12. When pressure builds inside a volcano, an eruption occurs.
  13. 13. Dangerous molten lava can cover miles of surface, wrecking houses, yards, trees and anything in its way.</li></ul>Erin! “Arenal Volcano” March 11, 2006 via Flickr. Creative Commons Attribution and No Derivative Works License.<br />
  14. 14. Volcanoes<br /><ul><li>Mainly found in: California, Hawaii, Alaska, Oregon, and Washington.
  15. 15. Triggers other natural disasters such as: Flash floods, earthquakes, rock falls, land slides, ect.</li></li></ul><li>Volcanoes<br />Interesting Facts:<br /><ul><li>There are more than 500 active volcanoes in the world.
  16. 16. Most mountains and sea floors were created by volcanoes.</li></li></ul><li>-Thunderstorms are a combination of thunder and lightning.<br />-They usually <br />last an average <br />of 30 minutes.<br />Thunderstorms<br />Aquinoktium, “Thunderstorm” October 28, 2009 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />
  17. 17. To estimate the distance of how far a storm is away, count the seconds between one flash of lightning and the first thunder boom after.<br />Take the number of seconds and divide by 5.<br />Example: 10 seconds/5 = 2 miles away.<br />Thunderstorms<br />
  18. 18. During thunderstorms:<br />-Stay inside.<br />-If outside take shelter in a ditch.<br />-Unplug computers and other electronics.<br />-Avoid the use of all electronic items, such as phones.<br />Thunderstorms<br />
  19. 19. Summary<br />Earthquakes<br />(rumble of the Earth)<br />2. Tornadoes<br />(funnel shaped cloud)<br />3. Volcanoes<br />(erupting mountains)<br />4. Thunderstorms<br />(flashing, loud, rain storms)<br /> During any storm remember to stay calm!<br />Prayitno. “Snow Storm #3” January 19, 2010 via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution.<br />
  20. 20. Credits<br />"FEMA For Kids: The Disaster Area." FEMA | Federal Emergency Management Agency. Web. 21 Feb. 2011. <http://www.fema.gov/kids/dizarea.htm>.<br />

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