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Camera

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Transcript

  • 1. Camera Group 2 - Pekayz
  • 2. Photography
    • Method of picture making developed in the early 19th century, based on principles of light, optics and chemistry.
    • It comes from the Greek words and means “ drawing with light  ” .
  • 3. Uses of photographs
    •  preserve personal memories
    • (family snapshots).
    • inform us public events (news) .
    • means of identification (for IDs)
    • glamorization (movie-star portraits)
  • 4. Uses of photographs
    • Views of far-off places on Earth
    • (travel photographs)
    • And in space (astral photographs).
  • 5. Camera
    • is a device that records images, either as still photograph or as moving images known as videos or movies.
  • 6. Camera
    • the term comes from the latin word “ camera obscura  ” or dark chamber.
  • 7. Parts of a typical camera
  • 8. Parts of a typical camera
  • 9. Parts of a typical camera
  • 10. Photography timeline
    • 5th - 4th Century B.C. – Chinese and Greek philosophers describe the basic principle of optics and the camera
    • 1664 – 1666 – Isaac Newton discovers that white light is composed of different colors.
    • 1727 – First Panorama opens, the forerunner of the movie house invented by Robert Barker.
  • 11. Camera timeline
    • It is believed that the very idea of creating such a device appeared long ago, before the middle ages. An Arab mathematician named Ibn Al-Haytham created the first model of camera, but the principle of its building was well known even earlier, in Aristotle period.
  • 12. Camera timeline
    • 1814 – Joseph Nicéphore Niépce made the first permanent photographic images with camera obscura , however, the image required eight hours of light exposure and later faded.
  • 13. Camera timeline
    • Joseph Niépce’s earliest photograph captured with camera obscura.
  • 14. Camera timeline
    • Camera obscura or Folding Camera
  • 15. A brief history of camera
    • Aug 19, 1839 - Louis Daguerre's first daguerreotype the first image that was fixed and did not fade and needed under thirty minutes of light exposure.
  • 16. Daguerreotype camera
  • 17. A brief history of camera
    • 1840 - First American patent issued in photography to Alexander Wolcott for his camera.
    • 1841 - William Henry Talbot patents the Calotype process - the first negative-positive process making possible the first multiple copies.
  • 18. Calotype process
  • 19. A brief history of camera
    • 1843 - First advertisement with a photograph made in Philadelphia.
    • 1851 - Frederick Scott Archer invented the Collodion process - images required only two or three seconds of light exposure.
  • 20. Collodion process
  • 21. A brief history of camera
    • 1859 - Panoramic camera patented - the Sutton.
    • 1861 - Oliver Wendell Holmes invents stereoscope viewer.
  • 22. Panoramic camera
  • 23. Stereoscope viewer
  • 24. A brief history of camera
    • 1865 - Photographs and photographic negatives are added to protected works under copyright.
    • 1871 - Richard Leach Maddox invented the gelatin dry plate silver bromide process - negatives no longer had to be developed immediately.
    • 1880 - Eastman Dry Plate Company founded.
  • 25. A brief history of camera
    • 1884 - George Eastman invents flexible, paper-based photographic film.
    • 1888 - Eastman patents Kodak
    • roll-film camera.
  • 26. A brief history of camera
    • 1898 - Reverend Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
    • 1900 - First mass-marketed camera—the Brownie.
    • 1913/1914 - First 35mm still camera developed.
  • 27. The Brownie Box - Kodak.
  • 28. 35mm still camera
  • 29. A brief history of camera
    • 1927 - General Electric invents the modern flash bulb.
    • 1932 - First light meter with photoelectric cell introduced.
    • 1935 - Eastman Kodak markets Kodachrome film.
    • 1941 - Eastman Kodak introduces Kodacolor negative film.
  • 30. Kodachrome Film
  • 31. A brief history of camera
    • 1942 - Chester Carlson receives patent for electric photography (xerography).
    • 1948 - Edwin Land markets the Polaroid camera.
  • 32. Xerography
  • 33. Polaroid camera
  • 34. A brief history of camera
    • 1954 - Eastman Kodak introduces high speed Tri-X film.
    • 1960 - EG&G develops extreme depth underwater camera for U.S. Navy.
    • 1963 - Polaroid introduces instant color film.
    • 1968 - Photograph of the Earth from the moon.
  • 35. A brief history of camera
    • 1973 - Polaroid introduces one-step instant photography with the SX-70 camera.
    • 1977 - George Eastman and Edwin Land inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
    • 1978 - Konica introduces first point-and-shoot, autofocus camera.
  • 36. Polaroid SX-70 camera
  • 37. A brief history of camera
    • 1980 - Sony demonstrates first consumer camcorder.
    • 1984 - Canon demonstrates first digital electronic still camera.
    • 1985 - Pixar introduces digital imaging processor.
    • 1990 - Eastman Kodak announces Photo CD as a digital image storage medium.
  • 38. Vintage Camera Collection
  • 39. Researched by:
    • Mazon, Psalm C.
    • Ramirez, Jinly
    • BSIT IV-1
    Special thanks to YouTube.com

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