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  • 1. FUTURE CHALLENGES FOR CLUSTER POLICY ANDCLUSTER INITIATIVES IN EUROPEDr. Gerd Meier zu KöckerDirectoriit – Institute for Innovation and TechnologyVisegrad April, 11th 2013
  • 2. Looking back…… 2
  • 3. Key Challenges aheadFuture cluster policy must … Cluster excellence Cluster policy excellence Higher More impact tailor-made More efficient More predictive Better syncronised 3
  • 4. Cluster Policy Has to be Better Synchronized Coordination with business Coordination with R&D / development programs innovation programs 4
  • 5. Cluster Policy Has to Be More Predictive Where do cluster of tomorrow emerge? How to better predict cluster emergence? New pattern for cluster in emerging industries !? 5
  • 6. Where R&D Takes Place in the Field of eMobility Predicting future eMobility clusters by mapping public and private R&D spending investments in certain emerging industriesR&D driven, lack of firms Quite unknown agglomeration of firms and R&D entities dealing with eMobility matters Strong industrial Well balanced mix agglomeration, but limited of firms and R&D number of R&D institutions institutions 6
  • 7. Where R&D Takes Place in the Field of eMobility Predicting future eMobility clusters by mapping public and private R&D spending investments in certain emerging industriesR&D driven, lack of firms Quite unknown agglomeration of firms and R&D entities dealing with eMobility matters Strong industrial Well balanced mix agglomeration, but limited of firms and R&D number of R&D institutions institutions 7
  • 8. Having a More Detailed Look in an EmergingeMobility Cluster…… Public R&D funds 8
  • 9. ….. on the Way to Smart Specialization Education Fleet man. Charge & Storage Evaluation Bus mod Net grid integration Components Recycling 9
  • 10. Cluster Policy Has to Be More EfficientMoving from quantity towards qualityAbout 150 clusters andcluster initiativesregistered withinBaden Württemberge.g.19 Automotive clusters18 New Materials clusters24 Production Techn. clusters 10
  • 11. Towards a More Tailor-made Cluster PolicyWhere to start? Where to go? 11
  • 12. Towards a More Tailor-made Cluster PolicyCluster leagues 12
  • 13. Towards a More Tailor-made Cluster PolicyImportance of different support schemes Importance of Importance of Importance of Investment supporting R&D Clustermanage- internationa- needed ment Excellence lisation New clusters NationalchampionsWorld-Class clusters 13
  • 14. Cluster Management Excellence Provides Higher Impact 14
  • 15. Cluster Management Excellence Makes the Difference 15
  • 16. Cluster Management Excellence Makes the DifferenceThe FEMAC case 16
  • 17. Higher Intensity of Involvement of Cluster FirmsLeads to Higher Monetary ImpactMonetary added-value for SMEs in clusters compared to their investments low similar high low similar high All firms Firms who are very activeCluster Monitor Germany, July 2012, 50 cluster initiatives representing about 5000 companies in Germany 17
  • 18. Higher Intensity of Involvement of Cluster Firmsto Higher Monetary Impact Very active none Quite active Quite inactive EUR / p. a. 18
  • 19. Summary• Future challenge is how to make use of clusters• Good cluster policy is challenging, but possible • It’s not a question of high-tech or amount of funding • Tailor-made funding• Clusters are different and have to be supported in different ways• Predictive cluster mapping gains importance• Cluster (initiatives) should be built on regional strengths • Smart Specialization is a promising approach• Cluster Management Excellence makes the difference 19