Impact of Cluster Initiatives on Regional Development


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Impact of Cluster Initiatives on Regional Development

  1. 1. IMPACT OF CLUSTER INITIATIVES ON REGIONALDEVELOPMENTGerd Meier zu Köckeriit – Institute for Innovation and TechnologyFribourg, 26 March 2013
  2. 2. Outputs – Outcomes - Impact 2
  3. 3. Levels Cluster Initiatives Can Have an Impact on 3
  4. 4. Cluster Initiatives Often Have Similar Long-term Goals .. • Intensification of cooperation between science, research and business in order to generate added value along the entire value creation • Long-term sustained development of competitive and rapidly growing regions • Location marketing – highlighting of individual strengths and potentials and thus also of • Increase in training capacities and creating stronger links between qualified skilled staff and the specific region (keeping them in the region) • Strengthening of entrepreneurial spirit and the establishment of businesses, • Network and cluster policies as a measure for enhancing networking between companies as well as R&D institutions, • Network and cluster policies as a means of promoting economic development and structural change… but considerably differ in how to meet to objectives ! 4
  5. 5. Cluster Initiatives Can Play in Different Cluster Leagues 5
  6. 6. Cluster Initiatives from Different SectorsFocus on Different Objectives….. 7
  7. 7. Examples Cluster Initiatives with High Impact onRegional Development 8
  8. 8. Impact of Cluster Initiative (I) Labelled as German „Cutting Edge Cluster“ Received EUR 40 Mio. public funding + EUR 40 Mio. private funding for R&D over 5 years Lufthansa Technik set up a R&D Center for Aircraft Cluster actorsHamburg strengthened its position on Airbus invested in Cluster actorsinvested in the Center of Applied Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul (MRO) Hamburg Center for Aviation Training manufacturing cabin development and Aeronautical Research services (first ever) (against Toulouse) 9
  9. 9. Impact of Cluster Initiative (II)Source: FEMAC 10
  10. 10. Agricultural Machinery Sector of Catalonia 15 Years BeforeSource: FEMAC 11
  11. 11. The Approach of the Cluster Initiative FEMACSource: FEMAC 12
  12. 12. The Approach of the Cluster Initiative FEMAC 13
  13. 13. Good Management of Cluster Initiatives is a Key for High Impact 14
  14. 14. Focus on what is Really Important for Cluster Actors Case study: Monetary added-value for SMEs in an Automotive cluster Very high HighLevel of satisfaction Moderate Low Very low low moderate high Relevance of expectations 15
  15. 15. Cluster Management Excellence as Key Success Factor 16 Source: Lämmer-Gamp, Meier zu Köcker, Christensen, Clusters are Individuals, 2011
  16. 16. Higher Intensity of Involvement of Key Actors Leadsto Monetary Higher ImpactMonetary added-value for SMEs in clusters compared to their investments low similar high low similar high All actors Actors that are very active within the cluster initiativeCluster Monitor Germany, July 2012, 50 cluster initiatives representing about 5000 companies in Germany 17
  17. 17. Higher Intensity of Involvement of Key Actors Leadsto Monetary Higher Impact Very active none Quite active Quit inactive EUR / p. a. 18
  18. 18. Summary• Future challenge is how to make use of clusters• Good cluster policy is challenging, but possible • It’s not a question of high-tech or amount of funding • Tailor-made funding• Clusters are different and have to be supported in different ways• Predictive cluster mapping gains importance• Cluster (initiatives) should be built on regional strengths • Smart Specialization is a promising approach• Cluster Management Excellence makes the difference 19