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Clusters as Driver for Innovation

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Clusters can be considered as excellent drivers for innovation. This presentation gives a survey how clusters work.

Clusters can be considered as excellent drivers for innovation. This presentation gives a survey how clusters work.

Published in: Business, Technology

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  • 1. INNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformate durch Klicken bearbeiten Clusters as • Zweite Ebene Driver for Innovation • Dritte Ebene • Vierte Ebene Gerd Meier zu Köcker, Director • Fünfte Ebene for Innovation and Technology, iit Institute Member of the European Cluster Policy Group ECPG 1 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 2. Main Sources of New Ideas and InnovationINNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformate durch Klicken bearbeiten • Zweite Ebene • Dritte Ebene • Vierte Ebene • Fünfte Ebene Source: IBM CEO Study 2006 2 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 3. Important Success Factors by SMEs*INNOVATION + TECHNIK De-forming velocity • Textmasterformate durch Klicken Flexibility of application bearbeiten Support in material construction • Zweite Ebene Overall costs • Dritte Ebene • Vierte Ebene Productivity • Fünfte Ebene Price per kilo Innovation 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Percentage *Source: Kompetenzzentrum für Öberflächentechnik,Kunststoffe Lüdenscheid feedback from more than 400 companies being active in the polymer sector, 2008 3 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 4. Innovations generated within Clusters **INNOVATION + TECHNIK • Aim • Textmasterformate driver their own cars Enabling handicapped people to durch Klicken bearbeiten • Technical solution • Zweite Ebene X-by-wire System* for handicapped users, which is in full compliance with • Dritte Ebene safety requirements (Straßenverkehrsordnung) •• Vierte Ebene Award CyberOne of bw:con Winner of the High-Tech • Fünfte Ebene • * von PARAVAN® 4 ** © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 5. Innovations generated within ClustersINNOVATION + TECHNIK • Aim • Textmasterformate durch Klicken bearbeitenstreet light with reduced energy consumption. Energy efficient •• Zweite Ebene Technical solution Eco efficient LED street lights (AuLED) • Dritte Ebene – High energy efficiency • Vierte Ebene – Less light pollution – High CO2 savings – Insect friendly • Fünfte Ebene – Long life span • Collaborative R&D activities among five industrial cluster members (without public funding) 5 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 6. Clusters as Driver for Innovation ?INNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformate durch Klicken • Looking into todays literature bearbeiten cluster firms are more innovative than non-cluster firms… • Zweite Ebene • Dritte Ebene . Contract out research to other firms, universities, etc. yes yes • Vierte Ebene no noInnobarometer on cluster’s role in facilitating innovation in • Fünfte Ebene Europe 2009 Cluster firms Non-cluster firms 7 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 7. Clusters as Driver for Innovation ?INNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformate durch Klicken • Looking into todays literature bearbeiten • cluster firms are more innovative than non-cluster firms… • Zweite Ebene • Dritte Ebene . Apply for patents Innobarometer on yes yes cluster’s role in • Vierte Ebene no no facilitating innovation in Europe 2009 • Fünfte Ebene Cluster firms Non-cluster firms 8 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 8. Survey on Selected Cluster Supporting Measures in GermanyINNOVATION + TECHNIK Förderung regionaler • Textmasterformate durch Klicken Netzwerke Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Federal level bearbeiten Innovationsstrategie Berlin Regionaler Clusterwettbewerb Baden-Württemberg Clusterpolitik Cluster Offensive • Zweite Ebene Schleswig- Cluster- Bayern Holstein Orientierung der Innovationsstrategie Clusterprozess Regionalpolitik in Clusteroffensive Saarland Mitteldeutschland RegioCluster. Hessen • Dritte Ebene Brandenburg NRW 1995 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 • Vierte Ebene Spitzen- ZIM- GA-Förderung cluster- NEMO • Fünfte Ebene BioRegio- Lernende Regionen NEMO für Cluster Strategische Wettbewerb Wettbewerb Kompetenznetze.de Partnerschaften InnoProfile InnoRegio BioPharma- Wettbewerb BioIndustrie2021 Federal state level 10 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 9. The Initiative Competence Networks Germany – An Example how Germany Supports the Development of strong clustersINNOVATION + TECHNIK The Initiative • Textmasterformate durch Klicken • is run under the patronage of the Federal bearbeiten Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi) • Zweite Ebene • gathers and supports the best 110 regional networks / clusters in Germany • Dritte Ebene • can be considered as ”Club of the Best • Vierte Ebene Innovation Networks” in Germany • Fünfte Ebene • provides tailor-made support for its members • aims to further strengthen its member clusters • has ambitious selection criteria in force 11 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 10. Organisation of Competence Clusters - Ideal StructureINNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformate durch Klicken bearbeiten • Thematic focus Research • Zweite Ebene Institutes • Regional concentration Large • Dritte Ebene Enterprises Universities Cluster • Vertical cluster • Vierte Ebene governance Education • Fünfte Ebene SMEs Manufacturer & Training Supplier Service Partner (finance, marking, logistic) Providers Developer Researcher 12 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 11. Cluster Emergence - Short Characteristics -INNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformate durch Klicken Buttom-up network  decentralized governance, industrial driven bearbeiten  cluster manager mostly appointed by the cluster  mainly privately financed • Zweite Ebene  political influence: low • Dritte Ebene network, externally initiated Top down  centralised, externally governed • Vierte Ebenenetwork influence: high, mostly initiatedby the initiator   political coordinator mostly nominated by governments on regional or national level or business • Fünfte Ebene development agencies Top down network, internally initiated  centralised, internally governance  lead organisation acts mostly as network coordinator, also emerged and dominates the network  political influence: varying 13 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 12. Dependency of the Membership Structure on the Technolocial Fields the Clusters are active in Source: 116 German ClustersINNOVATION + TECHNIK 100% • Textmasterformate durch Klicken 90% bearbeiten 80% • Zweite Ebene 70% • Dritte Ebene 60% Körperschaft Others Finanzen Financies FuE institutions R&D • Vierte Ebene 50% Universities Uni Energy / Environment Global players Großunternehmen Micro / Nano / Opto 40% SME • Fünfte Ebene KMU New Materials Manufacturing Biotechnology 30% 20% Average Mobility 10% ICT 0% 15 1 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 13. Standard Service Spectrum Provided by Cluster Managers 1. Information and CommunicationINNOVATION + TECHNIK 2. Training and Qualification • detailed database • Textmasterformate durch Klicken • • frequent customer interviews Internet/homepage • Analysis of branch related educational requirements • Newsletter • Activities for qualification of company staff • • bearbeiten Supplier and service catalogue Regular events, company tours • Regular special events - workshops and seminars - study trips for employees • Zweite Ebene Typical fields of 4. Initiating Co-operations • Dritte Ebene activities of a cluster • Initiation and support of co-operation projects • Establishment of contacts between potential management project partners • Vierte Ebene • Co-operations with R&D, educational institutions and special service provider • Set-up of special support providers 3. Internationalisation ••Export promotion Ebene • Facilitate higher innovativeness Fünfte events, congresses, • Access to international 5. Marketing and PR topics, customers and trends • Information and marketing materials • Support of international co-operation • Generation of regional identity • Support of companies during internationalisation • National and international PR • Set-up of network activities between comparable/ • Organisation of trade fairs, company visits, complementary international clusters presentations for major customers • Lobbying 17 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 14. Clusters as Tool to Facilitate International SME-co-operation Figures in %INNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformate durch Klicken bearbeiten • Zweite Ebene • Dritte Ebene • Vierte Ebene • Fünfte Ebene Source: 89 clusters replied 18 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 15. Benchmarking of service spectrum provided by the cluster management to increase international co-operations of the membersINNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformate durch Klicken bearbeiten • Zweite Ebene • Dritte Ebene • Vierte Ebene • Fünfte Ebene 19 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 16. Key Questions before Starting Internationalization Activities of ClustersINNOVATION + TECHNIK Key questions: •Clear objectives (why Internationalization) ? Klicken Textmasterformate durch bearbeiten Which kind of co-operation targeted ? •Responsibilities defined ? Zweite Ebene •Strategy available an agreed ? Dritte Ebene •Contribution of cluster members defined ? Vierte Ebene • Fünfte Ebene Actions plan available ? If these questions can sufficiently be answered, clusters are excellent tools to facilitate international co-operation for their members ! 20 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 17. Some Success Factors for Sustainable Cluster ManagementINNOVATION + TECHNIK • • Textmasterformate durch Klicken Cluster emergence • bearbeiten Sustainable financing • Cluster management skills • • Zweite Ebene of services Spectrum and quality provided by the cluster management • • Dritte Ebene of services Demand-orientation • Vierte Ebene management provided by the cluster • Added-values provided by the cluster management • • Fünfte Ebene Clear targets and milestone of cluster management 21 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin
  • 18. INNOVATION + TECHNIK • Textmasterformatemuch for Klicken Thank you very durch your attention ! bearbeiten • Zweite Ebene • Dritte Ebene + Technik GmbH Institute for Innovation and Technology c/o VDI/VDE Innovation • Vierte Ebene Berlin Steinplatz 1 D-10623 • Fünfte Ebene 310078-118 Germany Tel.: +49 (0) 30 Fax: +49 (0) 30 310078-222 E-Mail: mzk@iit-berlin.de www.iit-berlin.de 22 © VDI/VDE-IT 10.08.2011 2nd KGCCSIT Meeting, April 2009, Berlin