Cluster Management Makes the Difference
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Cluster Management Makes the Difference

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Cluster Management Excellence can provided added value to industry and academia. Benchmarking of Cluster Management can contribute to increase the levarage effect of clusters.

Cluster Management Excellence can provided added value to industry and academia. Benchmarking of Cluster Management can contribute to increase the levarage effect of clusters.

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Cluster Management Makes the Difference Cluster Management Makes the Difference Presentation Transcript

  • Cluster Management Excellence Makes the Difference Findings and conclusions from the first Pan-European cluster management and cluster programme benchmarking exercises Gerd Meier zu Köcker © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Key Figures of the NGPExcellence Project © VDI/VDE-IT
      • Participants
        • 10 European countries
        • 14 Cluster programmes
        • 142 cluster managements from 8 countries
      • Purpose :
          • Promotion of good cluster policy
          • Promotion of cluster management excellence
          • Promotion of mutual learning by comparing cluster organisations based on voluntary benchmarking
          • Testbed for harmonised quality indicators for cluster organisations within Europe
          • Verify whether non-political criteria for organisational cluster excellence are accepted and applicable
      • Initiated and financed by
      • Project duration: October 2010 until June 2011
  • Participating Programmes © VDI/VDE-IT Grappes d'entreprises
  • © VDI/VDE-IT
    • Benchmarking of cluster managements has several advantages compared to other approaches:
    • Comparison with others
      • reveals the current position compared to others / to the best
      • shows specific strengths and weaknesses
      • motivates to learn from the best
      • provides findings that can be used in the practical work
      • no good or bad, nor ranking or rating
      • provides interested parties with valid information about the competitive position of a cluster compared to others
    • Results of the benchmarking provide valid input to cluster organisations and policy makers towards cluster management excellence
    NGPE-Benchmarking of Cluster Managements - Why?
  • Recommendation: Offering Tools for Enhancing Excellence of Cluster Management © VDI/VDE-IT NGPE-Benchmarking of Cluster Managements - Why?
  • NGPE Benchmarking of Cluster Managements at a Glance © VDI/VDE-IT
    • Benchmarking of cluster managements :
      • Based on 30 indicators
      • Focus on cluster organisations, but also cluster related indicators are regarded
      • Voluntary for the cluster organisation
      • Reasonable efforts, a four-eye discussion leading to a self-assessment by the cluster managers
      • Local benchmarking experts involved
      • No ranking or rating
      • Full benchmarking report, incl. strengths / weaknesses, recommendations for improving actions
      • Conformity assessment with the European Cluster Excellence Initiative included
      • High flexibility in terms of comparative portfolio and indicators to be applied
  • History of the NGPE Benchmarking Approach © VDI/VDE-IT National Level 1 st cluster benchmarked Presentation of benchmarking approach towards international community (San Sebastian) 2007 Finalisation of benchmarking approach 2006 International Level 25 th cluster benchmarked 50 th cluster benchmarked 1 st foreign cluster benchmarked 100 th cluster benchmarked Development of the bench-marking approach 2008 2009 2010 2011 ?
  • Statistical Findings © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Where the Participants Came From Total: 143 cluster organisations © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Age of Cluster Organisations by Countries © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Average Size by Country © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Regional Focus of Clusters by Country Share of members within a distance of about 150 km from the cluster managers’ office © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Public Funding Rate by Country © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Share of Clusters Gained More than 80 % Private Financing © VDI/VDE-IT Cluster with a share of private financing higher than 80 % Cluster with a share of private financing less than 80 % 27 clusters 114 clusters
  • Key Findings © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Key Findings Related to the NGPE-Benchmarking of Cluster Managements © VDI/VDE-IT
    • Research driven clusters are much more similar to industrial driven clusters than expected
    • Structure, governance and impact of clusters are strongly influenced by certain determinants
    • Country specific patterns are partly a result of national cluster funding schemes
    • Structure and governance of clusters with high and low public funding rates are quite similar, but the impact is different
    • Size and age have a strong influence on attractiveness of the clusters and impact on SME
    • The technological domain has a strong influence on structure, governance and outcomes of clusters
    • Clusters providing a higher impact on business activities of SME have a more active cluster management in force
  • Key Findings Related to the NGPE Benchmarking of Cluster Managements © VDI/VDE-IT Research driven clusters are much more similar to industrial driven clusters than expected
  • Research Driven Clusters are More Similar to Industrial Driven Clusters than Expected © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Research Driven Clusters are More Similar to Industrial Driven Clusters than Expected © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Key findings Related to the NGPE Benchmarking of Cluster Managements © VDI/VDE-IT Structure and governance of clusters with high and low public funding rates are quite similar, but the impact is different
  • Structure and Governance of Clusters with High and Low Public Funding Rates are Quite Similar… © VDI/VDE-IT Percentage of the median value [%]
  • … . but the Impact Seems to be Different © VDI/VDE-IT Percentage of the median value [%]
  • Key findings Related to the NGPE Benchmarking of Cluster Managements © VDI/VDE-IT Size and age have a strong influence on attractiveness of the clusters and impact on SME
  • Size and Age of Clusters Have a Strong Influence on their Attractiveness and Impact on SME © VDI/VDE-IT Percentage of the median value [%]
  • Interesting Observations when Comparing Large / Small and Young / Well Matured Clusters © VDI/VDE-IT Percentage of the median value [%] Share of clusters having a legal form
  • Key findings Related to the NGPE-Benchmarking of Cluster Managements © VDI/VDE-IT The technological domain has a strong influence on structure, governance and outcomes of clusters
  • The Technological Domain has a Strong Influence on Structure, Governance and Outcomes of Clusters © VDI/VDE-IT Percentage of the median value [%]
  • The Technological Domain Has a Strong Influence on Structure, Governance and Outcomes of Clusters © VDI/VDE-IT Percentage of the median value [%] Percentage of the median value [%]
  • Key findings Related to the NGPE-Benchmarking of Cluster Managements © VDI/VDE-IT Clusters providing a higher impact on business activities of SME have a more active cluster management in force
  • Deviation From the Average Impact Index for Different Comparison Groups © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Deviation From the Average Impact Index for Different Comparison Groups © VDI/VDE-IT What are the main prevailing determinants ?
  • How Differ Clusters Providing Higher Impact on Business Activities of SME ? © VDI/VDE-IT Percentage of the median value [%]
  • Correlation Between Impact on SME and Intensity of Related Services Provided by the Cluster Management © VDI/VDE-IT few activities many activities
  • Correlation Between Impact on SME and Intensity of Related Services Provided by the Cluster Management (I) © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Correlation Between Impact on SME and Intensity of Related Services Provided by the Cluster Management (II) © VDI/VDE-IT
  • Lessons Learned Related to NGP Excellence © VDI/VDE-IT
    • High number of excellent cluster managements
      • Many of them can be considered as hidden champions
      • Broad spectrum of excellent and very innovative services implemented
    • High acceptance of the NGPE-Benchmarking approach and its indicators
      • Confidentiality of the reports was key for cluster managers to participate
      • Even the discussions during the benchmarking interviews were considered to be very helpful
      • Participation can be considered as a clear indication for commitment to cluster management excellence
    • Excellent base for the upcoming ECEI approach
      • Most indicators are the same
      • Participants gained first level of recognised cluster management excellence
  • Lessons Learned Related to Policy Makers © VDI/VDE-IT
    • Cluster managements can make the difference
      • Their performance is one of the prevailing success factors
      • Proactive support and capacity building seems to be more promising than “only” funding cluster managements
      • Striving for cluster management excellence should be an important element in all cluster support schemes
    • Clusters vary – but not as strong as usually expected
    • Technological domain has a huge impact on structure, objectives, governance and impact of clusters
      • Tailor-made support schemes for clusters and cluster managements seem to be a key for more efficiency and additionality of public funding
  • Lessons Learned – Intended to Cluster Managers © VDI/VDE-IT
    • Cluster managements can make the difference
      • Tailor-made and demand oriented services combined with professionalism are keys for success and sustainability
      • Continuous improvement should become a core element in future cluster strategies
    • Let the others know what you did
      • Many hidden champions
      • Huge number of impressive success stories – but often unknown
      • Communication strategy might be an option to better inform members, policy makers and third parties why you are good
      • Use tools like benchmarking (or in the future ECEI labelling) for mutual learning and demonstrating cluster management excellence
  • Areas for Improving Competitiveness of Clusters © VDI/VDE-IT Framework conditions Cluster actors Cluster organisation
  • Thank you very much for your attention Interested in benchmarking according to EGPExcellence ? [email_address] © VDI/VDE-IT