Building 21st century learners from the beginning
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Building 21st century learners from the beginning

  • 237 views
Uploaded on

Building 21st Century Learners From the Beginning ...

Building 21st Century Learners From the Beginning
or Technology - It's Not Just For High School Anymore

Target Audience - Primary Librarians, Primary Teachers, All Technology Experience Levels
Are you looking for ways to integrate technology with your youngest learners? Come learn about five tools that are so easy, even a kindergartener could do it. This session will tell you what you need, show you where to go, and then provide ideas for how to use it.

More in: Education , Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
237
On Slideshare
223
From Embeds
14
Number of Embeds
1

Actions

Shares
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 14

http://anybookshere.blogspot.com 14

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide
  • Thank you for coming today. My name is Jessica Meier. To tell you a little about myself, I am currently a stay at home mom. My undergraduate degree is in Music and Elementary Education from the College of William and Mary and my graduate degree is in Reading from the University of Virginia. I am currently working on a library science endorsement from Old Dominion University. Before I started my journey to become a school librarian, I taught second grade in Chesapeake Public Schools. After 5 years, I had my twin boys and the Navy moved us to Rhode Island. We came back the next year and I found a job teaching preschool at a private church preschool. It was the perfect job – easy hours, little work at home. So, just when I was getting settled, I had our baby boy….and the Navy moved us back to Rhode Island. After another year, we came back. I woke up one morning and needed to learn something, so I enrolled at ODU for a library science endorsement. I will be finished with the program next summer, and hopefully, I will be a school librarian shortly after that. In the meantime, I am teaching kindergarten at a private church preschool. One thing that caught my interest in my summer classes was all of the technology that librarians use. I would like to share some of the tools that I think are best for primary students that you could go back and use on Monday.Time: 1 minute
  • How many of you have spent a summer or winter break going here (or, in my case, sending your husband here) to getTime: 5 seconds (1:05)
  • This stuff (it’s PVC Pipe)Time: 5 seconds (1:10)
  • To make these? (Just in case you aren’t completely sure…those are whisper phones. The kids use them to hear themselves while they are reading. They are a great tool for fluency.) Time: 5 seconds (1:15)
  • What if I told you that you NEVER have to do that again? What if I told you that there is a FREE resource just waiting for you on the World Wide Web? Computer literacy in the primary grades is more than typing and KidPix….there are many, many resources online that are FREE. Let me say that again – they are FREE. I am going to share 4 amazing resources with you today and give you some ideas about how you can use them in the library or how you can collaborate with teachers to use them in the classroom on MONDAY. You can go home from the conference on Saturday, spend a few minutes playing with the resources on the computer on Sunday afternoon and be ready on Monday morning. Promise.Time: 1 minute (2:15)
  • Before we get into the amazing resources, you need to know what you need. Obviously you will need a computer. That computer needs to have internet access. An ideal situation would be a new-ish laptop, but I know that’s a stretch for a lot of schools, so a basic desktop with internet access will do the trick. A good rule of thumb is that if the computer will support Skype, it will do. I am going to suggest a headset so the kids can talk into the microphone without it sounding like they are in a tunnel and hear themselves through the headphones so the whole library doesn’t have to hear the din of everyone listening at once. In a perfect world, every school has at least a class set of iPads. I realize that this is not a perfect world. Even if the school has 1…just 1…iPad, then the kids can take turns with it. Besides that, you need an open mind and a little imagination. You will be amazed at what you can do!Time: 1 minute (3:15)
  • Ihave four tools to share with you. The best thing about them is that they are all FREE…as in zero dollars. You can create 21st Century Learners without spending a dime of your budget. You can wow your teachers and administrators. Your students will think you are super cool. Let the magic begin.Time: 10 seconds (3:25)
  • Remember how I told you at the beginning that you would never have to go to Home Depot to buy PVC pipe to make whisper phones ever again. Here is why. This website is called Vocaroo. It is an online voice recorder. With Vocaroo, the students can record themselves reading and then play it back to hear how it sounds. They can’t hear themselves WHILE they are reading like a whisper phone, but they can play the recording back to hear how it sounded. This is a screen shot of the Vocaroo homepage. It’s so easy, even a kindergartener can do it. If you don’t believe me, I’ll show you the rest of the screens that they will see. I’ll even throw in an example of a kindergartner using it. There is an option to save the recording as part of a student’s portfolio or even email it a parent. (Think about that….a parent opening an email to find an audio file of the children reading a book for the very first time. You would go down in history as the best librarian EVER!) Let’s look at this resource a little more closely.Time – 1 minute (4:25)
  • On the homepage for Vocaroo, there was a big green box with a big red dot that says CLICK HERE TO RECORD. That’s easy enough. The student clicks the red circle and the website starts recording. When the child is finished reading the passage, he can click the red box with the square to stop the recording.Time – 20 seconds (4:45)
  • When they have stopped the recording, the screen will allow them to try again with another red circle or listen to the recording with the triangle. After they have listened to themselves, there is the green box at the bottom to save. The students would need some help with this step.Time: 15 seconds (5:00)
  • This is an example of one of my just finished kindergartner/rising first grader using the program to record himself reading a book. I know…he’s pretty much adorable.Time: 1 minute (6:00)
  • The great thing about Vocaroo is that it is so easy to use that you can start on Monday morning. One of the best and easiest uses is for Fluency. Fluency standards can be found throughout the primary grades. For Kindergarten, the appropriate standards are the Oral Language Standards K.1 – K.4 (listening and speaking) and K.13 (using available technology for reading and writing). The applicable 1st grade standards are 1.9i - Read and reread familiar stories, poems, and passages with fluency, accuracy, and meaningful expression, 1.10h - Read and reread familiar passages with fluency, accuracy, and meaningful expression, and 1.14 – using available technology for reading and writing. The 2nd grade standards 2.8j, 2.9h, and 2.14 are exactly the same as the first grade standards. But, Vocaroo can be used outside of the reading curriculum. The students, especially the second graders could record fun facts about the Famous Americans or Native American tribes or the differences between needs and wants. The students don’t have to be the only ones to record on the program. Classroom teachers could use the program (after collaborating with you to find out all about it) to help with number identification or math facts. The students could listen to the number or fact and then record the answer. It’s number recognition and writing for the kindergartners and help first and second graders recall basic math facts.A final idea for Vocaroo is to record instructions for the students. This can be done throughout the school. Teachers can record centers instructions so the students can play the instructions back if they need to. Librarians can record instructions on how to use shelf markers or find dog books so the students can help themselves if they forget.Time – 2 minutes (8:00)
  • So, let’s look at the great things about Vocaroo. First, it’s free. (Have I mentioned that it’s free?). Second, it’s easy to use. Finally, you can use it with every subject and every grade level in the building. I gave you four easy examples and I am sure that you came up with at least one way you could use this tool while I was talking about it. But, nothing is perfect. There are a few cons to Vocaroo. First, I found it to be a little quirky. It didn’t work on my old computer because the machine was so old it didn’t have a microphone. I had to plug in the webcam and then the computer couldn’t find the webcam and it was a big mess. So, check the equipment before you turn the kids loose. You will thank me for that tidbit. Finally, you really need headsets if multiple students are going to be using the program at the same time. My new computer can pick up my kids playing in their room down the hall. It shows up on the recording.All in all, Vocaroo is a great tool! Does anyone have any questions or an idea that came to them while they were thinking about this program?Time: 3 minutes (1 minute of presentation, 2 minutes discussion) (11:00)
  • The second tool that will change your teaching is called Videolicious. This is an app for a iPhone or an iPad. The app is FREE…you just have to have the device to use it. You can upgrade to a paid subscription, but you can make a 60 second video using 10 elements (pictures or videos). The students can add background music and voiceovers. 60 seconds is more than enough time to get your point across. Once you get the app, the entire program is drop and drag. You can move pictures and video around. After you are happy with the order of the pictures and video, you can add background music and the voiceover. Adding the voiceover took a little time to make sure the timing was right, but there is a timer to help. The iPad can be used as the camera and the production tool. Time – 2 minutes 13:00)
  • As part of my summer coursework, I created a video with a partner using Videolicious. We planned the video using a storyboard planning sheet and we got together duing a 4 hour window to create and turn in a finished product. (Please do not panic about the four hour time frame. We spent a LOT of time running around campus. The actual video creation took about 45 minutes.) Be prepared to be WOWED…this video is Oscar worthy.Time: 2 minutes (15:00)
  • Videolicious could be used on Monday morning, but you might need to get though your planning time (if you have any) to make sure the app is on your device. This might be a Tuesday tool, but we can’t completely rule Monday out. So, how can you use it?First, I have a vision of second graders makes a video about states of matter. I see pictures of matter in different states. I see videos of them changing states of matter. I see videos and pictures of them drawing the boxes to show how the states of matter take up space. I see them talking about what they have learned. It would be a great culminating project for them to work on in small groups. I would be happy to pull the specific standards for oral language, reading, and writing, but I hope you will just take my word for it.There are so many other uses for Videolicious as well. Students can make short videos to illustrate new vocabulary words, especially multiple meaning words. (For example, one of the vocabulary words that I pulled out of a chapter book was “dash”. Students could write the word dash, show how to dash, draw a picture of a dash.) Their videos could be short, but is another way to show they understand what words mean.Even Kindergartners can use Videolicious. A small group of Kindergartners could come to the library for small group work in math. You could manipulate the iPad to take pictures and video of the students making numbers with manipulatives and writing numbers. They could help drop and drag the elements into the video and provide the voiceovers. First and second graders could show different ways to make numbers and could manipulate the technology a little more independently.Finally, the students could make short videos about how to use the library. The videos could be posted to the library website or blog.Time – 2 minutes (17:00)
  • Now let’s take a look at the pros and cons. The pros are the same as for Vocaroo. The app is FREE! It is very easy to use – it’s drop and drag. The program walks you though the steps. There are many uses throughout the curriculum.There are some drawbacks. Your school has to have an iPad available. It’s can’t be anything else. The app is only available through iTunes, so you must have an Apple product. Many schools do not have the devices available. Maybe seeing this FREE app will spark you to find a grant to get iPads for your school. Another drawback to Videolicious is that the kids will need a good amount of guidance, especially the younger ones and the first time they use it. The app and the website require a login, so you will need to figure out how you are going to manage the need for an account. Finally, the program has limited video capabilities. You aren’t going to be able to use features that will stand out as cinematic greatness. It’s pretty bare bones and very simple.I had a great time making my Videolicious video. Does anyone have any questions or an idea that came to them while they were thinking about this program?Time: 3 minutes (1 minute of presentation, 2 minutes discussion) (20:00)
  • Another great resources is Animoto. You will need to sign up for a FREE educator account, but that gives you access to more features without costing you any money. Animoto is a video creation service. It’s a lot like Videolicious, but you do not have to have an Apple product to use it. You can use the site from a desktop with any pictures or videos that are available. Time – 1 minute (21:00)
  • Once you have an account with Animoto, there is a big green button that says CREATE at the top of the screen next to your name. This program is easy to use even if you have little to no experiences with technology. I’ll walk you through a few screens to show you just how easy.After you hit create, you get to choose a style. The style you choose depends on what you are trying to do with the video. Don’t try to pick the pro styles, because you have to pay for those. There are still a lot of free options. Each style comes with a default musical selection, but you can change that as needed.Time – 20 seconds (21:20)
  • After you choose your style, you confirm your choice and then all of the magic happens on this page. You add your pictures and videos with the plus sign. There is an option to add a caption for each picture or text to the slide. There is a running timer on the top left which shows you how much time is left on your music so you know if you need to add or subtract pictures. (Or, just change to a longer song.)Time: 15 seconds (21:35)
  • I used Animoto for my summer coursework to create a book trailer to share with my middle school buddy. While you are watching this trailer for The Saturday Secret, think about how excited kids would get over seeing these played in the library.Time: 2 minutes (23:35)
  • You saw my example of a book trailer aimed at a middle school audience, but primary-aged kids would LOVE book trailers. They might be able to make them, but I would recommend that Animoto be used to make trailers for the kids to watch. Showing them book trailers would get them excited about reading, which is part of the mission of the library program. (Can you tell that I just finished reading Empowering Learners from cover to cover?) However, the trailers would also give the students exposure to different books (Kindergarten standards), give them a preview of the text (1st grade standards), and allow them to make predictions about the book (2nd grade standards). I could probably go on about that, but I think you get the idea.Because children cannot have any fun in school anymore without relating back to a standard, Animoto can be a great tool to hook a field trip back to a writing standard. The program allows for caption and text, so the students could work in pairs or small groups and create a video about their field trip. It could even be a class project – each child writes a caption or the text for a picture. Their work goes together into the finished video. That hits every one of the writing standards across every grade level in your building because the children would plan their writing, draft it, revise and edit, and then type it in.Another use could be making a video of steps in a process. It could be story problems in Math, the steps in a science experiment, or how to find a book in the library. The planning process alone helps children think in a logical and orderly way to make sure the end is not at the beginning of the video.A final use is to help the children (especially the second graders) remember all of those famous Americans that they have to know. They can make a video of each person to help them during that month or so of Social Studies.Animoto is a great tool for the primary grades. They are just going to need so help to manipulate the site themselves. With some focused, intense help at the beginning, they could be making their own videos by Christmas.Time – 2 minutes (25:35)
  • You are going to notice a theme with the pros of these programs. You may be saying them in your sleep. First, it’s free. (It’s worth repeating.) Second, it’s easy to use. Hen primary kids will probably need some guidance when they start using it, but I really think they could figure it out rather quickly. Finally, you can use it with every subject and every grade level in the building. The examples that I give you are things that I just thought up one afternoon. When you are collaborating with the teachers in your building, you can brainstorm even more ideas.Even the best program has some problems. Animoto is no exception. This kids will need to access pictures and videos, so they will need to have access to saved files from somewhere. Kids can get lost in the pictures or documents folder of a teacher’s computer. Try to think of a way to make this step easy for them. Maybe a flash drive with clearly labeled folders would make it easy. The song length is another con. There are songs with different lengths, but you can’t control that and you can’t use more than one song. You may need to get creative with timing. You won’t know the song it too short until it’s already too long. Finally, you will get hooked! After I played with this program, I wanted to make a video for everything! If we went somewhere and I took pictures, I wanted to make a video. I’m hoping this will pass, but in the meantime, I would be happy to show you my trip to the Grand Canyon. Animoto might be my favorite of the tools that I am going to show you. Does anyone have any questions or an idea that came to them while they were thinking about this program?Time: 3 minutes (1 minute of presentation, 2 minutes discussion) (28:35)
  • I need to give you a little disclaimer about this program. My brain has a hard time thinking this way. This is the closest thing to a mind map that my brain can process. So now you know.The next site is called Wordle. This website helps you make word clouds. So, what’s a word cloud? It’s a whole bunch of text manipulated to form an image or shape. The word cloud can focus on one topic, but it doesn’t have to. This is a great tool for a mind dump. I have also seen librarians use Wordles to label the sections in the library. No matter what you use it for, it’s a really neat way to display information. You start by clicking on the word Create.Time – 1 minute (29:35)
  • After you click create, you have the opportunity to enter “a bunch of text.” You can cut and paste from a word document or you can type the words directly into the box. If you are using this with your students, it would be best for them to have a list of what they want to say instead of trying to think while the box is in front of them. After the text is in the box, you click on go. You see at the bottom that you can also enter a URL. Wordle will create a word cloud from the words on the site. I am not sure how you could use that in the curriculum, but it is an option.Time – 20 seconds (29:55)
  • Here is an example of a Wordle that I made. I typed in all of the library terms that I could think of. The more a word is on the list, the bigger it will be in the Word Cloud. Time: 10 seconds (30:05)
  • I think that Wordles can be most effective after a lesson. A thought that I had was to help the students with China and Egypt in the second grade. The class can keep a list of important words or ideas throughout the lessons. At the end of the unit, the students can type the class list into the box to create the Word Cloud. Another option is to incorporate the Wordle into a library lesson, especially if you have a fixed schedule. You can read a book about China or Egypt and have the students work with you to create a list after the book, instead of keeping a running list.Wordle could be part of typing/computer centers for Kindergarten and first grade. The students can type rhyming words into the box and create a word family word cloud. It’s a way to incorporate technology into an activity that they do anyway.The kids can type in all of the ways to make a number (for example, ways to make 10). Each fact, as long as there are no spaces, is treated like a word. It’s another way to use technology to do something they would do anyway.Any time you want to get information out of the students’ heads, a Wordle can be a great tool to use. It is a twist on a KWL chart – there can be KWL wordles as a change of pace. Time – 2 minutes (32:05)
  • I am sure you can guess the Pros of this program. They are the same. Maybe I should have named this presentation Free, Easy to Use, and Many Uses. Wordle may be a little more difficult for the kids to use. The site is straight forward and easy to use, but it is very wordy. The kids have to be able to read or at least recognize the words on the screen. (Luckily GO is a word most kids pick up pretty early on.) There is also a prerequisite for some typing skills. By second semester of kindergarten, most kids can type a full sentence, so 1st and 2nd graders should be okay. Finally, your computer has to have Java installed to actually create the word cloud.Wordle is not as creative or inspiring as some of the other tools, but it is a great program to work some technology into tasks that the kids are probably doing anway. Does anyone have any questions or an idea that came to them while they were thinking about this program?Time: 3 minutes (1 minute of presentation, 2 minutes discussion) (35:05)
  • The last tool I have to share with you also requires a Smart device. It can be apple or Android and there’s an app that you need to download. The final tool is the QR code. The thing that I love most about QR codes is that they help the students be self sufficient. A QR code can provide more information when you can’t be right there to give it. The QR code is the tool, but there are two websites that will help you create them. The first is called I-nigma and it will help you create a QR code that will direct your device to a video or website for more information. The second is called QR Voice, which will create a QR code which will start playing an audio file that you created. I’ll talk about each site individually, but the uses and outcomes are the same. Time – 1 minute (36:05)
  • I think this site needs a little more instruction. The page itself is confusing. See the orange start button? I figured you would. It’s big and bright and right in the center of the page. Well, ignore it. That’s not the right start button. Nope. You need this little tiny red arrow over here on the left. The words say Create Barcode. That’s where you need to go. It’s confusing. I’ve used this page before and totally forgot what to do while I was trying to figure out what to tell you. Time – 20 seconds (36:25)
  • Once you figure out where you need to go, the rest is pretty easy. You type in the URL for the website that you want to link to (or type an encoded message or contact details) and there you have it. Your finished QR code will show up in that little orange box right up there. Time – 20 seconds (36:55)
  • QR Voice is pretty straight forward – what you see is what you get. You type your 100 character message into the box (or you can record your message with the me microphone button), then you click the blue QR code box and your new QR will appear in a box, along with the URL just above it. Time: 15 seconds (37:10)
  • I made these QR codes for my summer classes. Once links back to my library blog. The other has me telling you something very important. I would love to tell you what that is, but I don’t have a Smartphone that will scan the QR codes. Time: 15 seconds (37:25)
  • QR Codes are a great way to provide information without having to be there to give it. One way to use a QR Code is to pair it with the Animoto book trailer. You can make the book trailer and then create a QR code to link to the video. You can put the QR code on the book. When a child pulls a book from the shelf, he can use a smart device to scan the QR code to see the trailer. This hits the same reading standards as the book trailers alone – reading and experiencing fiction and nonfiction. Classroom teachers can add QR codes to homework. How many times have kids come in after homework to say that mom and dad explained it another way? By adding QR Codes that link to an explanation for how to follow the two digit addition or subtraction process or how to use manipulatives will help to bridge the gap between school and home.You can work with the students to create a tour of the school. New students can use a school device to learn about the school. It works for big city tours, it could work at an elementary school.This last idea would probably work best with second grade and up, but it could work with the littlest ones. They could use devices to do a scavenger hunt of the library. A clue at the front door could start the adventure and teach them all about the sections of the library and the resources available.Time – 2 minutes (39:25)
  • As with all of the other resources, QR Codes are FREE and easy to use. One other pro to QR Codes is that this resource pairs well with some of the other resources. They can also be used to help parents keep in touch with what is going on at school and how teachers are teaching the content, There are some glaring cons to QR Codes. To read a code the user must have a smart device – Tablet or Smart phone. You can create them on a computer, but a computer cannot read the code. As I pointed out, the opening page if I-nigma is a little confusing at first. Easy to use once you get through the muddle, but kids could have a hard time if you plan to let them create codes. There is also no direct use in the curriculum. The QR Code can link to something else.Do you have any questions about QR Codes or any ideas you would like to share?Time: 3 minutes (1 minute of presentation, 2 minutes discussion) (42:35)
  • Thank you so much for coming to this presentation today. I hope that you have found at least one resource that you can take back to school and use on Monday morning. You are welcome to contact me at any time if you have any further questions.Time:

Transcript

  • 1. Building 21st Century Learners from the Beginning Or….Technology – It’s Not Just for High School Any More Jessica Meier, Old Dominion University
  • 2. http://www.davidneubert.com/
  • 3. What if I told you that you NEVER have to do that again???
  • 4. But first…. What do I need to get started? • Computer with internet access • Microphone • webcam • Tablet • Open Mind and a Little Imagination
  • 5. And Now For the Good Stuff… 4 Tools that will CHANGE your teaching 1. Vocaroo 2. Animoto 3. Wordle 4. QR Codes/Augmented Reality
  • 6. Vocaroo www.vocaroo.com
  • 7. Vocaroo Let’s Take a Closer Look
  • 8. Vocaroo Let’s Take a Closer Look
  • 9. Vocaroo A Finished Product
  • 10. Vocaroo How Can I Use this on Monday? • Fluency Activities (K.1 – K.4, K.13; 1.9i, 1.10h, 1.14; 2.8j, 2.9h, 2.14) • Social Studies Presentations • Math Practice • Centers Instructions
  • 11. Vocaroo The Pros • It’s FREE! • Easy to Use • Many uses throughout the curriculum The Cons • Sometimes it’s Quirky • Equipment needed for larger groups
  • 12. Videolicious www.videolicious.com
  • 13. Videolicious A Finished Product
  • 14. Videolicious How Can I Use this on Monday? • States of Matter Videos (2.3) • Vocabulary Work • Ways to Make a Number • How to Use the Library
  • 15. Videolicious The Pros • It’s FREE! • Easy to Use • Many uses throughout the curriculum The Cons • You have to have an iPad. • Supervision Needed • Account Needed • Limited video production capabilities
  • 16. Animoto www.animoto.com
  • 17. Animoto Let’s Take a Closer Look
  • 18. Animoto Let’s Take a Closer Look
  • 19. Animoto How Can I Use this on Monday? • Book Trailers (K.9, K.10, 1.9, 1.10, 2.8, 2.9) • Field Trip recaps • Steps in a Process • Famous Americans
  • 20. Animoto The Pros • It’s FREE! • Easy to Use • Many uses throughout the curriculum The Cons • Saved Files • Song length • You will get HOOKED!
  • 21. Wordle www.Wordle.net
  • 22. Wordle Let’s Take a Closer Look
  • 23. Wordle A Finished Product
  • 24. Wordle How Can I Use this on Monday? • China/Egypt Mind Dump (2.1, 2.4) • Word Families/Rhyming Words • Ways to Make Numbers • Mind Dumps
  • 25. Wordle The Pros • It’s FREE! • Easy to Use • Many uses throughout the curriculum The Cons • Wordy • Typing Skills • Java required
  • 26. QR Codes www.i-nigma.com www.qrvoice.net
  • 27. QR Codes Let’s Take a Closer Look
  • 28. QR Codes Let’s Take a Closer Look
  • 29. QR Codes Let’s Take a Closer Look
  • 30. QR Codes A Finished Product
  • 31. QR Codes How Can I Use this on Monday? • Book Trailers (K.9, K.10, 1.9, 1.10, 2.8, 2.9 • Homework Help • School Tour • Library Scavenger Hunt
  • 32. QR Codes The Pros • It’s FREE! • Easy to Use • Pair with other resources • Link to home The Cons • Must have Smart Device • Confusing Page • No direct use in the curriculum
  • 33. Thank you! Any Further Questions? Jessica Meier jmeie005@odu.edu http://anybookshere.blogspot.com/
  • 34. Works Cited Slide 2 - David Neubert (2006). Home Depot Logo (http://www.flickr.com/photos/45942104@N00/342881780/in/photolist-wimNQ-yCjd1-AvLUV-JEKWa-Q2Y8g-2Z9eHj-3YTGkk-4dLK4a-4e6HFh- 4k1sUB-4s3LiB-4BLUyk-4FQzQj-4UqPqY-54NPVo-5i39NH-5i39Y6-5i7uky-5i7uoj-5oSGDM-5sUdMQ-5w4i8R-5Sr2Uc-5Sr2X2-5Sr2Zn-5Sr32r-5Sr356-5Sr37T-62vP5W-6m7vEL-6nHDde-6o4f2j- 6HVRqY-6K6418-6Ka9Bo-6PoZow-7512fH-754VaA-754Vp1-7ispTj-7njgFs-7xbZVC-8Y27ny-ea4Mus-9K83bS-9K83p7-8qRarU-9K83eW-9K5emK-9K5efZ-dyWC6F) Slide 3 – Brett Gullborg (2006). PVC Pipe Cube Sculpture. http://www.flickr.com/photos/19879224@N00/197599558/in/photolist-isKsW-oJw5o-rEfi1-yxybV-BNkKY-CLoCT-CTv5s-LEucE-2nzq17- 3JCKYc-3SErP8-49cVki-4gY1gz-4vDP9v-4xEY8k-4JQUKt-4NBK9g-4PoQJk-4PoQKR-4VB13Z-4VB17i-4YK3k7-51FFEd-52RWwZ-574Uwh-59eW9f-5vF5Xu-5wXsWR-5z26ze-5BRRj1-5CKnY8- 5DwgCD-5NhdM9-5PuP4G-5THkkT-5WepFs-5WepFA-5WepFC-63DgKr-66vxdz-69jzoe-69jzXz-69jAtZ-69jB2t-69oKo3-6gg4er-6gmrC4-6gLDY6-6A9XaH-6Gz7dG-6PnNpv Slide 4 – Mary Anne Enriquez (2011). LEARN to Read Tool – 2 of 4 photos. http://www.flickr.com/photos/22250090@N08/5377339015/in/photolist-9cbgxD-eqZCwD-cYCTBw-cYDrFA-cYCTLs- cYCTdm-cYCTsL-9ReNd5-ehGmT4-9cekyY-ehXZ58-9xRTaz-dQczZ1-dQ6Y9e-dcGcry-dcGcoh-aD8t6q-ajvTpJ-9qvuDJ-bAZGWa-fbbA7M-aAivTy-cY9zMQ-cY9x45-cY9ADA-cY9xwL-cY9wxs- bUzB8b-aK9op4-8ufQiA-cY9CLG-cY9wnW-cY9z8w-cY9zpE-cY9wJY-cY9xVw-cY9xKb-bzkem4-eFFNtn-8UQgRe