History of Education Technology Barrios, María de las Mercedes UTN – Informática April 2013
What is educational technology?The term Educational technology refers tothe instructional use of technology ineducational settings.Technology comprises computers,television, and other kinds of electronichardware and software.
History of Education Technology Early 1900 Visual instruction was originally used: Three-dimensional objects Photographs Silent films Audiovisual Education appeared later. Sound was added to film and audio recordings
The era of visuals1905- School museums were 1910- Silent films werethe first administrative produced for instructional use.organization to manage It was sparingly used byinstructional media. teachers because ofIts purpose was to collect and lack of skill in using theloan: equipment the cost of the films and Films equipment Photographs inaccessibility of equipment Charts when it was needed the time involved in finding the right film for each class.
The Radio1920- Commercial and educational stations started.1923- Commercial stations provided radio programming to schools.1925-1935 Peak activity for radio use. The radio did not have a great impact on schools. In the beginning, poor audio reception and the cost ofequipment were obstacles to use. The lack of fit between the broadcasts and teachers’instructional agendas led to the abandon of radios in theclassrooms when television became available.
Television TV was the focus of attention during the 1950s and ‘60s. Television channels for educational purposes appeared.Disadvantages: Schools found it difficult the purchase and maintenance of equipment. It proved nearly impossible to broadcast instruction when individual teachers needed it. By the 1970s much of the enthusiasm for instructional television had been exhausted.
The Era of Computers The next technology to capture the interest of educators was the computer. 1950s & 1960s computers had little impact on schools because it was difficult and expensive to house the huge machines in schools. 19760s & 1970s CAI- Computer-assisted programs developed by Gordon Pask. The computer could keep track of student’s work and provide a record of each student’s progress for the teacher. Teachers were skeptical of the new medium. 1980s- the appearance of microcomputers made educators enthusiastic about computers. CALL: Computer-based materials for language teaching were developed. 40% of elementary schools and 75% of secondary schools in the US had computers. The ratio of computers to students was five to one.
The Era of Computers 1981- IBM was the first to develop a PC. - The first educational drill and practice programs were developed for personal computers. 1983- The Apple II computer found widespread acceptance in education because PCs better fitted the teacher model of instruction. 1990- Multimedia PCs were developed. Schools started using videodiscs. 1995/96- Use of Internet in schools.
Technology currently used in the classroom in the early XXI Class website Class blogs and wikis Wireless classroom microphones Mobile devices Interactive Whiteboards Digital Games Online media Podcasts Digital cameras LCD projectors
Bibliography “History, the History of Computers, and the History of Computers in Education” [online]. Retrieved on April 13th, 2013from http://www.csulb.edu/~murdock/histofcs.html Wikipedia (Revised on April 21st, 2013)“Educational Technology”. Retrieved on April13th, 2013http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Educational_technology#Technology_in_the_classr
Bibliography Answers “School Technology in Education” [online]. Retrieved on April 13th, 2013 fromhttp://www.answers.com /topic/school-technology-in-education eHow mom “The History of computers in schools” [online]. Retrieved on April 13th, 2013 fromhttp://www.ehow.com/about_5491373_history-computers -school.html