Primary energy demand to increase from 400 million tonnes of oil equivalent (toe) to over 1200 million toe in 2030.
Consumption of electricity to grow from 660KWh/capita to over 2000KWh by 2032.
India’s grid connected capability will need to increase from current value of 147GW to well over 460GW by 2030(PV installed capacity only 2.12MWp!).
1/3 rd of our population (over 450 million-estimated 80,000 villages) has no access to grid electricity.
India’s National Electricity Policy aims at 1000KWh/capita/year by 2012, implies addition of 450 billion KWh of additional energy by then!
52% of India’s power generation from coal.
Life of coal reserves to reduce sharply to from 14 to 43 yrs by 2030.
Oil reserves to deplete completely in 20 years!
Extensive use of diesel & kerosene for captive power generation.
Abundant radiation between 4-7 KWh/day/sq.m with most part of country enjoying 300 sunny days/yr.
Wind currently dominate renewable power generation(70% & 8GW installed capacity in 2007), however India has a medium wind profile, low plant load factors & saturation of optimal locations are expected to make it less attractive then PV in future.
Half a percent of India land(16500 sq km) brought under Solar PV can meet all the electricity needs by 2030!!
Application spread of PV is wide compared to the global scenario in which 75% is grid-connected.
Lighting: Street Lighting, traffic signaling,domestic), Water Pumps,Railways,Telecom,Govt departments,etc largest consumers.
Remote Village Electrification:4237/1142(Villages/Hamlets),Energy Parks: 516, Aditya Solar Shops:269.
1000 MW of grid connected solar power plants,100MW of roof top & small power plants & 200MW of off-grid applications in 1 st phase by March 2013.
From recent data, total of 11 cell manufacturers and 20 PV module makers & around 50 assemblers.
70% of modules exported and this is likely to reduce due to JNNSM policies.
PV Module production around 1GW at end of 2009 & 400MW for cells.*
*India Renewable Energy and Solar Photovoltaic Market Opportunities for US Companies,www.ivgpartners.com 7,148 Solar PV Pumps 8.01MWp Solar Power Plants 697,419 Solar Lanterns 434,692 Home Lighting 54,795 Solar Street Lighting Installations PV based systems
Interplay between incentives and policy support on one hand and technology cost-point reduction through industry innovations & scale will determine the PV landscape in India.
Solar PV is transitional and transformational in Indian context. Well-suited for off-grid & small applications( because of our needs) and also at grid-connection level.
Financing schemes, mandates and targets will push the former, while technology and right policy framework will drive the latter.
To achieve growth of industries, standards play an important role by channeling development into real innovations and not supporting a fractionized segment of industry with custom specifications.
Need for Standards:
- PV Industry has been dominated by defacto standards or no standards at
- No common PV specs exist between different government departments like railways, telecom, MNRE and defence. Common spec should be framed based involving all stackholders and be made a part of Bureau of Indain Standards(BIS).
- Standards for quality, inspection, safety, testing and certification are important for improvement and adoption of PV.
- Environmental, health and safety standards should be established.