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  • What are the factors that enables these changes? There is not just one paramater but multiple parameters constitute these changes. Right Belief which we also call as Enlightened World View or Samyak Darshan starts building up as we move up the ladder. Right knowledge comes with the perception. At the same time, karmas are reducing. As you can see here, the deluding karmas reduce with the increase in knowledge. Vow is another success parameter in this whole journey. And we will learn more about them at stages 5 thru 7.
  • 2 more to go !! huh !! In the last time unit of 12th stage, the soul eliminates the five knowledge covering, four intuition-covering, and the five-obstructive karmas to attain the 13th stage. Soul attains full enlightenment at this stage. As we have learnt earlier, souls at stage 13 are called as 'sakal parmatmas' which means Aghatiya karmas are still present. Mind-Body-Speech interaction or also called as Yog is also present. And that's the reason this stage is also referred as Omniscience with Physical Activity. This is the stage of Arihant bhagwans !!


  • 1. Essence of Jainism - Tattvartha Sutra C 1997 by The Jain Center of Greater Boston., Inc. All rights reserved. Mini-Presentation Jain Center of Greater Boston Version A1.0, November 1998
  • 2. Jain Center of Boston Yogendra Jain (Coordinator) Dr. Sanjay Jain Manish Kasliwal Parimal Pandya Archit Shah Nitin Sogani Preeti Jain (Graphics)
  • 3. Tattvartha Sutra Teachings of Mahavira Scripture to learn All That Is (Jain Religion, Ethics, Philosophy) Written by (Acharya) Umasvati in the second century Translated by Dr. Nathmal Tatia Accepted by all Jain Sects
  • 4. The Goal of Human Life is Liberation Liberation is Perfect Knowledge, Perfect Intuition, and Eternal Bliss All Knowledge is Partial Truth Except Omniscience Author’s Assumptions Liberation Omniscience
  • 5. The Goal of Human Life is Liberation Liberation is Perfect Knowledge, Perfect Intuition, and Eternal Bliss All Knowledge is Partial Truth Except Omniscience Author’s Assumptions Liberation Omniscience
  • 6. Roots of Tattvartha Sutra 500 BC Mahavira’s Teachings << transmitted by his disciples>> 100 AD Written in Sanskrit by Umaswati 1900’s: Several English Translations 1997 : Toronto Jain Convention: First multi-media presentation by Jain Center of Greater Boston
  • 7. Our Agenda (Part 1) Introduction Who Am I Enlightened Person Six Universal Sub. Knowledge Anekantvad Soul’s Link to the World <Break> (Part 2) Karmic Bondage Inhibiting and Wearing off Karma Vows 14 Gunsthans Meditation Liberation Discussions
  • 8. Essence of Jainism Non-Violence (Ahimsa)  Strengthens the autonomy of life of every being Non-One- Sideness(Anekantavad)  Strengthens the autonomy of thought of every individual Non-Possession (Aparigraha)  Strengthens the interdependence of all existence
  • 9. Who Am I? ? Why am I here? From where did I come? Where am I going?
  • 10. Who am I ? I am a symbiosis of physical and spiritual substances Why am I here? I am here to realize who I am From where did I come? I come from the past karmic influences Where am I going? I am moving towards liberation
  • 11. Fundamentals of Existence Beginninglessness Dynamic Interplay of Physical and Spiritual Reality Cause and Effect (through Karma)
  • 12. Enlightened Person
  • 13. Wandering Souls TIME AWARENESS The Journey Starts
  • 14. Path to Liberation (Three Jewels) Enlightened World-View (Samyak Darshan) Enlightened Knowledge (Samyak Gyan)  Types of Knowledge  Bhavanas Enlightened Conduct (Samyak Charitra)  Lay Vows  Holy Vows
  • 15. Wandering Souls Karmic Bondage and Inflow and Liberation Karmic Shedding The Vows Non- Violence Purity of Thought TIME AWARENESS Path to Liberation Omniscience
  • 16. Types of Knowledge KNOWLEDGE Mediate (Acquired) Immediate (Innate) Empirical Articulate • Gained through the senses • Mind’s ability to comprehend what is sensed • Conceptualization through language (mati) (shrut) Clairvoyant Mind-reading Omniscient • Act of seeing the objects of another’s mind • Knowledge of all other substances in all their modes • Perception of things that are out of the natural range of senses (avadhi) (manahparyaya) (keval) (Pratyaksha)(Paroksha)
  • 17. Knowledge : Key To Omniscience/Liberation More Delusion More Delusion More Enlightened More Enlightened K A R M A S * Partial Elimination & Partial Suppression K N O W L E D G E Clairvoyance Other than omniscience, all other categories are mixture of knowledge & ignorance  Omniscience is perfect Innate, pure enlightenment
  • 18. Six Universal Substances
  • 19. Substances in the Universe MatterMatter (pudgal) JivaJiva (jiva) TimeTime (kal) SpaceSpace (akash) Medium of Rest Medium of Rest (adharma) Medium of Motion Medium of Motion (dharma)
  • 20. Nature of Soul
  • 21. CLASSES OF SOUL 2 CLASSES Worldly (Sansarik) Worldly (Sansarik) Liberated (Siddha) Liberated (Siddha)
  • 22. QUALITIES OF SOUL QUALITIES EverlastingEverlasting SentienceSentience OmniscienceOmniscience
  • 23. STATES OF SOUL 5 STATES SuppressionSuppression EliminationElimination MixingMixing SheddingShedding PurificationPurification + + -- +
  • 24. Bondage of Karma Bondage is the process by which karma are attached to the soul + + -- +
  • 25. Seven Tattvas Jiva (souls) Ajiva (non-sentient entities) Inflow - Asrava (inflow of karmic particles to the soul) Binding - Bandha (binding of karmic part. to the soul) Stopping - Samvara (stopping the karmic inflow) Shedding - Nirjara (falling away of karmic particles) Liberation - Moksh (liberation from worldly bondage)
  • 26. Choice: Circle of Life or Moksha Circle of Life Moksha and “Death”
  • 27. Reality and Anekantavad
  • 28. Approach to Truth Gateways Of Investigation Approved Means Of Knowledge Philosophical Standpoint The categories of truth can be understood with more precision and clarity through these 3 ways
  • 29. Jain Perspective Doctrine of Non-absolutism (Anekantavad) Doctrine of Non-absolutism (Anekantavad) Philosophical Standpoints (Nayavad) Philosophical Standpoints (Nayavad) Sevenfold Predication [Sapta-bhanginya] Sevenfold Predication [Sapta-bhanginya]
  • 30. VIEWS OF REALITYVIEWS OF REALITY Philosophy of Being (substances) and Philosophy of Becoming (modes) Are Both Real And Integral Philosophy Of Being (Unchanging) Stresses Substance EVER UNCHANGING LIKE THE SUN (guna) Philosophy Of Becoming (Always Changing) Stresses Modes EVER CHANGING LIKE THE WEATHER (paryaya)
  • 31. The Nature of Reality Reality = Substance + Quality + Modes Modes Water H O2
  • 32. Non-One-Sidedness (Nayavad-Syadvad) The same reality can be viewed from different standpoints - Doctrine of “MAY-BE” water
  • 33. Changelessness Beneath Changes SOUL
  • 34. Non-One-SidednessNon-One-Sidedness (ANEKANTAVAD)(ANEKANTAVAD) EXISTENCE NON-EXISTENCE INEXPRESSIBILITY 1 2 3 6 4 5 7 The Seven Fold Predication of the Real
  • 35. Does Truth Exist ? Anekantvada - Reduce Ego - Keep an open mind Truth Exists (Time Specific)
  • 36. Inhibiting and Wearing off of Karmas
  • 37. Karma’s Inflow Speech Action Thought + Karma Inflow
  • 38. Events: • Troubling thoughts - Inflow (Asrava) • Mind constantly thinking - Bondage (Bandha) • Let bygones be bygones - Stoppage (Samvara) • Practice austerity- Shedding (Nirjara) Accident on Route to Nirvana Scenario: A person meeting an accident with a car Result: Vibration of soul in association with mind and body
  • 39. Types of Karmic Bondage Knowledge Covering Intuition Covering Sensation Deluding (View, Conduct) Life Span Body Status Obstructive Destructive Karma Non-Destructive(Aghatia) Karma
  • 40. Karmic Bondage Cycle Omniscient + + + Only Non-Destructive Karmas Inhibition and Wearing Off + + Less Intensity - + + Self-Restraint - + + Karmic Particles Actions Mind, Body, Speech - + + Dormant Karma Reaction Fruition O ccurs + + - - + + Strong Intensity Strong Passions
  • 41. Are Beneficial Karmas Good? Give worldly pleasures Give worldly pain More harmful karmas More beneficial karmas .
  • 42. 7 Ways to Inhibit and Wear off Karma Right Control 12 Reflections Mind, Body, Speech Moving Carefully Practicing AusteritiesRight Conduct Enduring Hardships
  • 43. 3. Observing 10 Dharmas Forgiveness Straightforwardness Purity Truthfulness Self Restraint Austerity Renunciation Detachment ContinenceHumility
  • 44. Vows
  • 45. Doors of Inflow of Karmas 5 SENSES Touch Taste Smell Sight Hearing 5 INDULGENCES Causing Injury Lying Stealing Incontinence Possessiveness 4 PASSIONS Anger Pride (Ego) Deceit Greed 25 URGES Evil Torture Deceitful ... Possessive clinging
  • 46. Control Your Passions PassionsPassions PassionsPassions +/- Karma Less Karmas EMOTIONSEMOTIONS Anger Pride Deceit Greed Vows help in minimizing passions
  • 47. Activities to Support Vows Non-stealing Celibacy Truthfulnes s Non-Violence Non- Possessiveness
  • 48. Not Negation of Life,But Affirmation of the Eternal Celebrate life with the ultimate vision
  • 49. Gunasthans
  • 50. Suppresion/Elimination (Stage: 8,9,10,11) + ++ - - + -
  • 51. Omniscience (Final Stage: 14)
  • 52. Meditation
  • 53. Types of Meditation Analytic White (Pure) Mournful Wrathful
  • 54. Meditation
  • 55. Liberation
  • 56. Liberation Liberation Omniscience Knowledge Covering Intuition Covering View Deluding Sensation Body Status Obstructive Life span
  • 57. The Soul After Liberation What after Liberation ?  Soul’s separation  Soul’s upward motion  Soul’s arrival at the border of cosmic space What is the soul’s nature after liberation  Pure and perfect enlightened world view  Enlightened knowledge  Enlightened intuition