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4-7th April 2009, Amman, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, TRADITIONS AND TRANSFORMATIONS: TOURISM, HERITAGE AND CULTURAL CHANGE IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA REGION CONFERANCE, Paper Presented: “CONTROLLED URBAN GROWTH AND TOURISM DEVELOPMENT STUDY FOR AJLOUN, AIN JANNA AND ANJARA”, Centre For Tourism And Cultural Change, Leeds Metropolitan University, United Kingdom And The Council For British Research In The Levant, Amman, Jordan.

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  • 1. CENTRE FOR TOURISM AND CULTURAL CHANGE, LEEDS METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY,UNITED KINGDOM,AND THE COUNCIL FOR BRITISH RESEARCH IN THE LEVANT, AMMAN, JORDAN.Traditions and Transformations: Tourism, Heritage and Cultural Change in theMiddle East and North Africa Region4 - 7 April 2009, Amman,The Hashemite Kingdom of JordanCONTROLLED URBAN GROWTH AND TOURISMDEVELOPMENT STUDY FOR AJLOUN, AIN JANNAAND ANJARAMehmet TunçerUrban and Regional Planner, MsC in Restoration, PhD in Political ScienceAbant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Head of Department ofArchitectureGolkoy 1428, Bolu - TURKEY
  • 2. TARGETS :• Giving aims and results of “Controlled Urban Growth &TourismDevelopment Master Plan Study For Ajloun Tourism DevelopmentArea”.• Giving changing relationships with heritage and culture in theplanning area.• The conservation of heritage for tourism has high importantance in theProject and this paper will give the examples of urban and archaeologicalheritage which need to restore and use for the aims of “Cultural Tourism”.
  • 3. • Objectives of the Study• Preparation of a Master Plan for the Ajloun TourismDevelopment Area, within Ajloun Governorate, which willcover Ajloun Town, Anjara Town, Ajloun Castle and thesurrounding areas.• Identify protected zones, whose archaeological and/oragricultural use should be preserved.• Identify and designate zones with tourism potential to bepromoted for investment in recreational and naturaltourism infrastructure.
  • 4. • Update and improve zoning plans, for the urban settlements.• Identify opportunities for economic regeneration of the urban areas.
  • 5. • Future Outcomes:• “Branding” Ajloun’s heritage and natural resources (developing &sustaining, together with the community, an identity for the region),• not only the Citadel and the woodlands, but from the differenttraditional lifestyle, heritage reality, natural assets and localknowledge,• this identity include: quaint historic environment, outdoor experience,farm life, genuine historic and cultural experience, rich bio-diversity,olive oil and a haven for the post-tourist,• Develop Ajloun human resources working in tourism,
  • 6. • Get connected to a dynamic network of companies, tour operators,institutions, and other entities dealing with tourism.• Urban regeneration and conservation within the different historic urbancores.• Proper Cultural Site Management Approaches to the nature Sites andUrban heritage.
  • 7. 1- AnIntegratedApproach toDevelopment“a multi-discursiveapproach toheritagetourismdevelopment”8- AWholesticApproach toUrbanRegeneration:“AdoptingPhysical andNon-PhysicalInterventions”10-Integrating ofPlanningTools fromDifferentDiscourses7- AnUnderstanding of LocalDiscoursesandMechanisms:“The ‘Local’,The People,The Agencies,and Local-GlobalDynamics”6- MakingBest Use ofLocalKnowledgeAvailable inJordan:LocalKnowledgeEmbedded inthe “Site” & inthe “Experts”2-Diversification of theTourismProductwithin OneDesignatedRegion:“Understanding the TourismIndustry inJordan”4-Significanceof CulturalSiteManagementApproach9- Promotionof Groups ofSites (TouristSitesOrchestration):“ProlongingTouristDuration ofStay”3- LinkingTourismDevelopment,UrbanRegeneration,Rural andSocio-EconomicRevitalization5- FindingTools andMechanismsfor GenuineCommunityParticipation“Developmentfrom Aboveand fromBelow”HeritageTourismNature &Eco-TourismUrban Regeneration inhistoric coresCultural SiteManagement forArcheological, Urbanand Nature Sites11- AWorkableSystem ofAssessmentsandMonitoring ofDevelopmentApproachVision and Methodology
  • 8. • The National Tourism Strategy of Jordan aims to achieve a sustainabletourism economy through a partnership approach of the Government, theprivate sector and civil society.• The National Tourism Strategy describes Jordan as a “boutique” destinationand the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities (MOTA) has been trying tocreate this boutique environment by means of Jordan’s unique and diversenatural and historical heritage assets and other tourism attractions.
  • 9. • OBJECTIVES of MOTA in Ajloun :The achievement of socio-economic development for the localcommunity through a synergy between tourism, controlled urbangrowth, urban regeneration and rural development - a multi-sectoralapproach to development.
  • 10. • Ajloun’s tourism infrastructure:1. 60 hotel rooms, 3 tourist guides,2. Limited facilities such as cafes, restaurants and organized recreationareas,3. Few existing tourism facilities for eco-tourism, agro-tourism, andother types of thematic tourism.
  • 12. • Ajloun Area has population of 35.930 people (2003 est.) - with a67% rate of urbanization.• The population density of the Area is 289 p/ha, which is far higherthan the national average of 62 p/ha since 88% of Jordan is mainlyunpopulated desert land.
  • 13. • The primary economic activity :• Based on farming and olive tree plantations, which is also the baseof its industrial activity of olive pressing and exporting. The area ismainly a tourism destination for Arabian tourists.
  • 14. • In Ajloun, Ain Janna and Anjara, public administration, defence andagriculture accommodate a significantly high proportion of theeconomically active workforce, while the rate of unemployment is19% (2003 est.).
  • 15. • The main employment sectors in Ajloun:• 1. Public services (41% of workforce),• 2. Agriculture (15%),• 3. Education (13%),• 4. Retail and wholesale (9%),• 5. Health and social work.
  • 17. • Planning Area has a very rich natural environment with a uniqueflora and fauna including forests, olive groves, fertile agriculturallands, natural valleys, water springs, natural caves and naturalpanoramic viewpoints.• Highly prioritized natural assets include pine forests, olive groves ofmore than an acre per parcel, water resources and streams, NatureCorridor, Wadi Al Tawaheen and natural caves in Ain Janna, Anjaraand Ajloun.
  • 18. Ar-Rabad Castle As-SafaWadi At-TawaheenAjloun Nature Reserve
  • 19. • In total, 75% of the area is covered by olive groves and forests,while urban land uses account for approximately 12% of the area.• Ajloun Governorate has a rich natural environment with its uniqueflora and fauna.
  • 20. • Established in 1988, Ajloun Woodland Nature Reserve (1300 sqm)is one of the few remaining evergreen oak forest areas in Jordan.• Wadi al Tawaheen is the major valley of Ajloun Governorate, whichlies at the heart of the study area and very close to Ajloun city.• At present, the entire valley has changed into crop fields andorchards.• Together with other archaeological remains, Wadi al Tawaheen isfamous for several historical water mills.• Furthermore, the Wadi has a rich biodiversity and unique naturalviews.
  • 21. Ain Al-TeisNatural Heritage Sites(Photos:TURATH Ltd.)Keena TreeAjloun Nature ReserveAjloun Nature Reserve
  • 22. • Wadi al Safsaf, a very steep valley in the Governorate to the southof Anjara, can be considered as less damaged than Wadi alTawaheen.• Wadi Kofranja is another vital natural element in the Governorate.• The valley contains more than twenty water mills that date back tothe Late Mamluk era and which are also important historical assets.
  • 24. • Ajloun was a very important centre for the northern and centralJordan during the Ottoman period (Centre of Qadaa) and today’sBilad al Sham.
  • 25. • Compared to Salt, Madaba, or Karak, the rich cultural and historicalheritage of Ajloun, Ain Janna, and Anjara, have not been properlyconserved and protected from deterioration.• Historical heritage assets of the study include significant mosques,churches, citadels, historic mausoleums, water mills, historical urbanfabric, public places, vernacular architecture and various culturallandscapes and traditions.
  • 26. Main Heritage Features in Ajloun (TURATH Ltd.)
  • 27. Hai Al-Jami’DairAl-Rome(SantGorgious)Dair Al-LatinReligious Buildings (Photos: TURATH Ltd.(
  • 28. the Ayyubid Mosque (TURATH Ltd.)
  • 29. • In Ajloun, historical assets are placed in and around the historic coreof the city (Jathr al Balad). They include the Ayyubi Mosque, themain central place with its famous Kina Tree, the Vegetable Market,Mausoleum (maqam or mazar) of Sidi Badr, Farah Library,St. Gorgeous Church.
  • 30. Sidi Bader Area An Old Cliff HouseFarah Library Hai Al-Ba’aajMain Significant Heritage Features (TURATH Ltd.(
  • 31. Hai Al-Ba’aaj Al-Ba’aaj MausoleumPhotos: (TURATH Ltd.)
  • 32. • Dairy al Latin Church, Mausoleum of Mohammad al Ba’aj, the OldOttoman Serai (now part of the police station complex), severalliwan and courtyard traditional houses in historical neighbourhoodssuch as al Maqatish, al Ba’aj, and some significant residentialhouses and complexes.
  • 33. Hai Al-MaqatishPhotos: (TURATH Ltd.)
  • 34. Hai Al-RabadeyyehHai Al-SmadiyyehPhotos: (TURATH Ltd.)
  • 35. Al-Haj Yousef Old ComplexPhotos: (TURATH Ltd.)
  • 36. Wadei’ Al-Zawaydeh HistoricHouse (3-arched house)Photos: (TURATH Ltd.)
  • 38. • The urban settlement pattern of three towns is one of a veryscattered layout of buildings, constructed and sprawling towards therural areas threatening the forests, olive groves, natural valleys andother fertile lands.• Residential areas closer to the town centres are all very dense.
  • 39. Structure of Ajloun and Ain Janna (UTTA Ltd.)
  • 40. • The centers, then, have a very poor visual outlook, as well asproblems such as noise, air and water pollution.• The area has inadequate drinking water provision, a low qualitywater network, water pollution due to the close proximity of industrialworkshops and urban settlements to water resources,
  • 41. • limited coverage of the drainage system, inefficient solid wastecollection because of inadequate equipment, frequent electricity cutoffs, an inefficient transportation network with narrow roads, lack ofparking and pedestrian routes, unsuitable pavements, lighting andsignage and a limited telecommunications network.
  • 42. • The threat arising from existing and approved land use decisionsand urban expansion towards the area’s natural, historical andheritage assets is also to have serious damaging effects on thedevelopment prospects of the tourism sector in Ajloun, Ain Jannaand Anjara region.
  • 44. • The most significant land use inside the Ajloun Tourism Master PlanArea is for pine groves and olive groves, accounting for 55.6 percent(30.11 hectare) of land. Housing areas account for 11.6 percent(6.26 He) of land use.• The ratio of pine groves and olive groves in the Anjara townplanning area and near environs is also one of the highest at 51.4percent (93.84 he). Housing areas take up 15.23 percent (27.78 He)
  • 45. Ajloun and Ain Janna Macroform Scheme (UTTA Ltd.)
  • 46. Anjara Macroform Scheme (UTTA Ltd.)
  • 47. • In Ain Janna, significant heritage assets include the main mosquebuilt in the early 1930s, the Momani Mausoleum, different watersprings (Ain al Fawara, Ain Umm al Misrab, Ras al Ain) and AlMalek al Naser School (the oldest school in Ajloun) dating back to1915, and several traditional residential buildings and corners.
  • 48. • In Anjara, the Church of Sayyedat al Jabal, the old historic AnjaraMosque, Al Ahnaf Bin Kess School and mosque, Anjara LatinChurch, Roman Church, American Church, Christian Cemetery,several vernacular fellahin architecture houses such as housecomplex of Wade-i Al Zawaideh, former sites of olive pressing andwheat mills are main historical assets.
  • 49. • The natural beauty, environmental assets and rich historical andarchaeological heritage of Ajloun, Ain Janna and Anjara are allunder a serious threat of being lost.
  • 50. • The degree of this threat is serious since the Approved Land UsePlan (ALUP) of Ajloun, Ain Janna and Anjara has allocatedapproximately 86% of available land for additional residentialdevelopments.
  • 51. • In addition to this over-planning, the area allocated for ruralresidential uses in the ALUP is almost equivalent to more than halfof the existing total area of olive groves.• The existing forest areas and natural valleys will also be lost if theassigned growth in the ALUP takes place.• Therefore, residential development decisions and their growthdirections endanger the olive groves and forests in Ajloun, AinJanna and Anjara.
  • 52. • A detailed analysis of the ALUP population densities shows thatthese differ from 50 persons per hectare to 350 persons per hectare(gross), with an estimated average household size of 5,8. There are5 residential types other than agricultural, green and rural residentialuses.
  • 53. • Based on these calculations, the practical carrying capacity of theALUP is 140.000 people for the three towns within the study area.
  • 54. Plan 1: Land Use Plan of Ajloun and Ain Janna Showing Over-planningDestroying Natural Assets Towards To The Wadi - Al Tawaheen
  • 56. • Scenario development approaches in master planning practiceusually produce three alternatives. The chosen scale is 10.000, inorder review the whole Ajloun Tourism Development Master PlanArea and the three scenarios are developed as a “Structural MasterPlan” (Scheme).• While developing the Scenarios, Main Targets and Sub-Targetswere determined and the three Scenarios were differentiated interms of their physical and socio-economic contexts.
  • 57. • In this work, planning team has developed three AlternativeScenarios, namely:• GREEN SCENARIO:• Strict Preservation of Natural and Historical Environment and Eco-Tourism• ORANGE SCENARIO:• Sustainable and Environmentally Sensitive Development and Ecoand Heritage Tourism• RED SCENARIO:• Rapid Development with Sustainable Tourism
  • 59. • The competitive future of Ajloun Planning Area will bebased on the preservation of its ;• 1. Natural environment, with its diverse natural resources of forests, olivegroves, natural valleys, caves, water sources, fertile land and biodiversity,• 2. Its historical and archaeological heritages; historical urban fabric andvernacular architecture of traditional streets, vistas, landmarks andcomplexes; houses, mosques, churches, mausoleums and water mills.
  • 60. • There is therefore a clear need to declare the Study Area as aspecial protection zone and then to deal with its problems through awell-planned strategy for the region.• Declaration of Ajloun, Ain Janna and Anjara as a special protectionzone will contribute to the objectives of the National TourismStrategy for the diversification of tourism products.
  • 61. • It is essential to declare Ajloun, Ain Janna and Anjara (within theboundaries of the ALUP) as a protected area, in order to limit thecontinuation of the scattered pattern of urban and ruraldevelopment.• Restrictions will need to be imposed on landlords to protect forests,natural valleys, olive groves and other fertile agricultural lands.
  • 62. • The protection regime will require;• 1. Revision of ALUP decisions,• 2. Strict control and monitoring of all planned constructions• 3. The direction of new constructions to areas of growth which arenot threatening to natural resources and reserves.
  • 63. • Sites where historical, cultural and architectural remains (on theground or underground remains) reflect the social, economic andcultural characteristics of the area should be designated ashistorical/archaeological heritage sites within the protectionregime.• For example, the areas in close vicinity to Ajloun Castle and someparts of Wadi el Tawaheen should to be designated as primarynatural and archaeological preservation sites.• Within their determined protection zone boundaries, no building orother form of intervention should be permitted.
  • 64. • Most importantly for the successful operation of the protectionregime and control of urban growth, the municipality should be givenpowers to review and make changes to Approved Land Use Plandecisions and the management of development rights.
  • 65. • Finally, the protection regime should include decisions to preserveareas of significance, due to their urban and local vernaculararchitectural and physical characteristics, which are also in need ofrenewal and regeneration after being designated as special projectareas.
  • 66. Anjara Town Center Urban Conservation Plan (UTTA Ltd.)
  • 67. TABLE 1 : BUILDING REGULATIONSZONES Min.ParcelM2Minparcelwidth mBuildingpercentage to theparcelareaNo. OffloorsBuildingHeightSet backsFront back side (rear)A-Residential Zones1-Private Residential1000 25 25% 2 8 8 6 62-Normal Residential ZonesZone-aZone-bZone-cZone-dZone-h1000750500250170252018151236%42%48%52%60%3+roof44331414141111543335432.52432.5223-Attached Housing 500 16 40% 2 8 6 5 -4-Public Attached Housing 150 12 60% 3 11 3 3 -5- Green Resid. & RuralResidential6- High Residential2000400030401530288268126868B- Commercial Zones1- Main Commercial Centre-main roads-secondary roads8006002020Withinthe setback64221510464942-Neighborhood Centre 500 12 4 15 5 - -3- Local Commercial 300 12 4 15 5 4 44- Along Road Commercial5- Showrooms2508001225Withinthe setbacks441515% to theMaster Plan104-64 m after14m depth6C- Industrial & HandcraftZones1-handcraft zone2-light industry zone3-medium industry zone2501000400010254050%50%50%24491515121212-510
  • 68. D- AgriculturalConstr. Zone10,000- 5% 2H- AgriculturalResidential ZoneI- DevelopmentProjects1- commercial officecomplex2- hotels3- residentialcooperative highbuildings400040001,0004545808882526261212121010101010104- NeighbourSettlementsA- in zones a+bB- in zones c+d+h10,0005000300150-20040% 64221410665945-Multi-purposeBuilding5000 55 35% 8 25 15 10 106- Large IndustrialBuildings10,00080 50% ? ? 15 15 157- IndustrialComplex10,000300 50% 15 15 15%ParcelTotalFloor50% 400%500 40035% 200%TABLE 1 : BUILDING REGULATIONS (cont.)
  • 70. • Urban design (1/1000, 1/500), landscape design projects (1/500,1/200), rehabilitation, restoration, renovation and architecturalprojects (1/100, 1/50, 1/1) should be prepared by MOTA and/or theMunicipality of Ajloun.
  • 71. • In general, for urban conservation, renewal and regeneration areas,vehicular and pedestrian arrangements, infrastructure and urbanfurniture elements (lighting, electricity, rain and waste waterinfrastructure, signposts, street furniture etc.) should all be designedbefore implementation.
  • 72. • In all urban design projects, electricity, telephone, drinking waterand waste water networks should be located underground. Theseprojects should also be regulated and supervised by AjlounMunicipality. For fire precaution, a fire management and preventionsystem should be implemented.
  • 73. • 1. Action Project :• Ajloun Eco-Tourism Development Area Master Plan
  • 74. Prepared by :(UTTA Ltd.)
  • 75. • In hotel buildings, generally 3 storeys are allowed above the 0.00level, with the upper two of them being the bedroom floors andground floor being for the general use areas. For the flexibility ofdesign purposes it is allowed to use up to 50% of the totalconstruction area on the ground floor.• For the First Phase development areas of 4-5 star hotel and 2-3 starhotel lots, the given building coefficient is E = 0.40. And for thesecond phase development areas for 2-3 star hotel lots the givenbuilding coefficient is E = 0.30, which 50% of them can be used onground floors and the rest for the bedroom flats
  • 76. • In camping sites, the allowed closed construction area is calculatedin relation to the capacity and given in (C =) figures. This areashould be used on single floor only. No basement or attic floor isallowed on these areas. Maximum building height is 4.00m.
  • 77. • A three storey building with a total 900m2 construction area will bebuilt on this lot. Flat heights will be 3.50m each. For storage andtechnical purposes, basement floors can be built and not be countedas the construction area.
  • 78. Table 2. Tourism Development Zone Area DefinitionsACTION PROJECT - TOURISM DEVELOPMENT ZONE - AREA DEFINITIONSLOT NO.AREASq mUSAGECONSTRUCTION AREACLOSED sqmLIGHTCONSTR. SqmOPENAREA sqmNEWDEVELOPINGAREAS1 35.000 (*)4-5 StarHotel14.000 1.200 26.0002 9.000 (*)2-3 StarHotel3.600 600 7.0003 22.4003 StarHotel(s)6.700 1.000 20.0004 22.0003 StarHotel(s)6.500 900 19.0005 1.500HealthCentre900 - 1.2006 30.000 Sports Area 1.500 3.000 25.0007 60.000 m2 Viewpoint/Park6.000 3.000 50.0008 2.000 m2Tourism Info 300 300 1.4009 20.000CampingArea1400 600 18.00010 17.000 m2Picnic Area 100 400 16.50011 27.000 m2 CampingArea500 1.000 25.50012 2.500 m2Mosque 500 200 2.000
  • 79. 2. Action Project :Ajloun Nature Corridor(Wadi Al-Tawaheen)
  • 80. • Water Springs• The Corridor is blessed with several Water Springs (especially in Ain Janna and inWadi al Tawaheen). Water Springs in Ain Janna include Ain al Fawarrah and Ain alSharqieh. The Nature Corridor starts at one of these Water Springs (Ain al Fawarrah)in Ain Janna, where a Visitor Centre is planned. The Project suggests promoting thewater springs of the area by developing branded "Ain Janna" local spring water.• The Visitor Centre & Gateways to the Nature Corridor• The beginning of the Nature Corridor, near the water spring of Ain al Fawarrah, will bemarked by a Visitor Centre. This Visitor Centre will be minimalist in design. The VisitorCentre will contain illustration boards and signs that explain the main features alongthe Ajloun Nature Corridor. In addition, there will be public utilities and a touristinformation booth.• Trails and Paths (Bike and Pedestrian Trails)• Alongside the Wadis in Ain Janna and also the Wadi al Tawaheen, Bike andPedestrian Tracks and Trails will be created. Of course, visitors can diverge from themain route to explore heritage sites and other significant urban or natural features andsites along the way and off the main trail or track.• Tourism Information Booths• Tourism information booths will be located near to the main gathering areas (e.g., atthe beginning of the Nature Corridor, near historic City Centres, near camp areas,along the bike and pedestrian routes in the Wadis etc.). These booths will offerinformation, brochures, and postcards, but also branded local bottled water and othermaterials and goods that are needed for the eco-heritage tourism tourists.• Water Mills• The Historic Water Mills in the area create a unique link between the natural andcultural heritage. Many of these mills were functioning in the 19th century. They standtoday as a testimony to the areas rich natural and cultural heritage. These millsinclude Ain al Tais in Ajloun and many other Water Mills in Wadi al Tawaheen such asAin al Qantarah, al Smadiayyah, al Qudah, and al Fraihat Water Mill. The valleycontinues down to Kufranjah and so do the Water Mills. It is estimated that there areabout 15 Water Mills alone in Wadi al Tawaheen (Valley of the Mills). These millscontribute to the experience of the visitor along the Nature Corridor and they will beprovided signage.
  • 81. • Camping Areas• The visitor may also leave the main route of the Nature Corridor to experience otherattractions, such as the camping areas (forested areas) that are close by and famousin Ajloun.• Historic Houses / Neighborhoods• The visitor can also leave the main route of the Nature Corridor to visit different historichouses and religious historic buildings (Churches and Mosques) in addition tomausoleums and other heritage sites. Some historic complexes will have beenadapted into tourist/cultural attractions, such as bed and breakfast establishments,traditional cafes and craft centres. It is this mingling and interplay between natural andcultural attractions that makes the Nature Heritage Corridor in Ajloun unique anddiverse.» The Ajloun History Museum• One of the old historic buildings (the Old Ottoman Sarai Building) will be adapted intothe Ajloun History Museum. It can stand as a major point of attraction within this richgroup of nature and cultural sites along the Ajloun Nature Corridor.» Jathr al Balad (Historic City Cores)• The historic City Core of Ajloun represents a contrast to the serene nature sites alongthe Ajloun Nature Corridor. Together with its Ayyoubi Mosque, traditional bazaar andtown square, the historic City Centre offer a different ambiance altogether and linksbeautifully the Ain Janna part of the Nature Trail with the Wadi al Tawaheen part of theNature Corridor.• Bio-Diversity in Wadi al Tawaheen• Wadi al Tawaheen is a major Wadi of Ajloun and very close to the city itself. It hasbeen utilized by the inhabitants for a long time through history - this can be seen by thepresence of the historic water mills and the very old olive trees in the Wadi. The Wadiis also famous for its rich bio-diversity.• Olive groves, olive presses, caves and rocks• It is also possible to enjoy various olive groves planted in between the low densityhousing stock in the cities of Ain Janna and Ajloun. There are also a few old OlivePresses and unique formations of rocks and caves to enhance the visitor’s experience.•
  • 83. Urban Regeneration Projects
  • 84. • The main examples of URBAN REGENERATION PROJECTS willinclude the designation of the historical urban core and commercialcentre of Ajloun as an urban regeneration area within theboundaries of the protection regime.
  • 85. Urban RegenerationProject of AjlounUrban RegenerationArea (UTTA Ltd.)
  • 86. • The second action project is the Bus Terminal, Vegetable Marketand Ayyubi Mosque Surroundings Rehabilitation Project.• The Vegetable Market is one of the vital elements of downtownAjloun and its existing structure should be upgraded toenhance the lively atmosphere of this busy street.
  • 87. • The first step is to turn it into a pedestrian area.• The concept also proposes to install a covered bazaar for shading the streetin summer.• This, in addition to some infrastructure upgrading, would enhance thepotential character of this vital commercial spine, turning it into a distincttourist attraction.
  • 88. Ain Janna Town CenterUrban RegenerationProject (UTTA Ltd.)
  • 89. Anjara Town Center Urban Regeneration Project (UTTA Ltd.)
  • 90. • This World Bank Project; planning and projecting studiesare carried by a consortium leading by :• G&G Consulting Ltd. (Turkey) and UTTA Planning, Urban Designand Consulting Co. (Turkey) and TIBAH Consultants (Jordan),Jordan River Foundation (STK) (Jordan) and TURATH Consultants(Jordan)• Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Tuncer (Team Leader and partner of UTTALtd.)