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Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
Product, Services, and Branding Strategy
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Product, Services, and Branding Strategy

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Product, Services, and Branding Strategy

Product, Services, and Branding Strategy

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  • 1. Product, Services, and Branding Strategy Chapter 8
  • 2. Learning Goals <ul><li>Understand products and the major classifications of products and services </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the decisions companies make regarding their products and services </li></ul><ul><li>Understand branding strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the four characteristics that affect the marketing of a service </li></ul><ul><li>Realize additional product issues </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Produce 7.5 million doughnuts each day </li></ul><ul><li>Sell more than doughnuts; they sell an experience </li></ul><ul><li>New store openings are eagerly anticipated in part due to extensive promotion </li></ul>Case Study Krispy Kreme
  • 4. Definitions <ul><li>Product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anything offered to a market for attention, acquisition, use, or consumption that might satisfy a need or want. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A form of product that consists of activities, benefits or satisfactions offered for sale that are essentially intangible and do not result in the ownership of anything. </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Understand products and their classifications
  • 5. What is a Product? <ul><li>Products, Services, and Experiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Market offerings may consist of a combination of goods and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiences are used to differentiate offerings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Levels of Product and Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Core benefit, actual and augmented product </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product and Service Classifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer products and industrial products </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Understand products and their classifications
  • 6. What is a Product? <ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping </li></ul><ul><li>Specialty </li></ul><ul><li>Unsought </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent purchases bought with minimal buying effort and little comparison shopping </li></ul><ul><li>Low price </li></ul><ul><li>Widespread distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Mass promotion by producer </li></ul>Types of Consumer Products Goal 1: Understand products and their classifications
  • 7. What is a Product? <ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping </li></ul><ul><li>Specialty </li></ul><ul><li>Unsought </li></ul><ul><li>Less frequent purchases </li></ul><ul><li>More shopping effort for comparisons. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher than convenience good pricing </li></ul><ul><li>Selective distribution in fewer outlets </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising and personal selling </li></ul>Types of Consumer Products Goal 1: Understand products and their classifications
  • 8. What is a Product? <ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping </li></ul><ul><li>Specialty </li></ul><ul><li>Unsought </li></ul><ul><li>Strong brand preference and loyalty, requires special purchase effort, little brand comparisons, and low price sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>High price </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusive distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Carefully targeted promotions </li></ul>Types of Consumer Products Goal 1: Understand products and their classifications
  • 9. What is a Product? <ul><li>Convenience </li></ul><ul><li>Shopping </li></ul><ul><li>Specialty </li></ul><ul><li>Unsought </li></ul><ul><li>Little product awareness and knowledge (or if aware, sometimes negative interest) </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing varies </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution varies </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive advertising and personal selling by producers and resellers </li></ul>Types of Consumer Products Goal 1: Understand products and their classifications
  • 10. Product and Service Classifications <ul><li>Consumer products </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial products </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Materials and parts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capital items </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplies and services </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Understand products and their classifications
  • 11. Product and Service Classifications <ul><li>Organizations, persons, places, and ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational marketing makes use of corporate image advertising </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Person marketing applies to political candidates, entertainment sports figures, and professionals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Place marketing relates to tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social marketing promotes ideas </li></ul></ul>Goal 1: Understand products and their classifications
  • 12. Product and Service Decisions <ul><li>Individual Product </li></ul><ul><li>Product Line </li></ul><ul><li>Product Mix </li></ul><ul><li>Product attributes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality, features, style and design </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Branding </li></ul><ul><li>Packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Labeling </li></ul><ul><li>Product support services </li></ul>Key Decisions Goal 2: Learn decisions companies make regarding products
  • 13. Product and Service Decisions <ul><li>Product line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A group of products that are closely related because they may: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>function in a similar manner </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>be sold to the same customer groups, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>be marketed through the same types of outlets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fall within given price ranges </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Individual Product </li></ul><ul><li>Product Line </li></ul><ul><li>Product Mix </li></ul>Key Decisions Goal 2: Learn decisions companies make regarding products
  • 14. Product and Service Decisions <ul><li>Individual Product </li></ul><ul><li>Product Line </li></ul><ul><li>Product Mix </li></ul><ul><li>Product line length </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Line stretching: adding products that are higher or lower priced than the existing line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line filling: adding more items within the present price range </li></ul></ul>Key Decisions Goal 2: Learn decisions companies make regarding products
  • 15. Product and Service Decisions <ul><li>Individual Product </li></ul><ul><li>Product Line </li></ul><ul><li>Product Mix </li></ul><ul><li>Product mix </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Also known as product assortment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consists of all the product lines and items that a particular seller offers for sale </li></ul></ul>Key Decisions Goal 2: Learn decisions companies make regarding products
  • 16. Product and Service Decisions <ul><li>Individual Product </li></ul><ul><li>Product Line </li></ul><ul><li>Product Mix </li></ul><ul><li>Product mix width: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of different product lines carried by company </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product mix depth: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of different versions of each product in the line </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product mix consistency </li></ul>Key Decisions Goal 2: Learn decisions companies make regarding products
  • 17. Branding Strategy <ul><li>Brand equity is the positive differential effect that knowing the brand name has on customer response to the product or service </li></ul><ul><li>One measure of equity is the extent to which customers are willing to pay more for the brand </li></ul><ul><li>Brand valuation is the process of estimating the total financial value of a brand </li></ul>Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 18. Branding Strategy <ul><li>Brands with strong equity have many competitive advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High consumer awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong brand loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps when introducing new products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less susceptible to price competition </li></ul></ul>Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 19. Brand Strategy <ul><li>Brand Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Name Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Development </li></ul><ul><li>Three levels of positioning: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Product attributes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Least effective </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beliefs and values </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taps into emotions </li></ul></ul></ul>Key Decisions Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 20. Brand Strategy <ul><li>Brand Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Name Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Development </li></ul><ul><li>Good Brand Names: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggest something about the product or its benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are easy to say, recognize and remember </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are distinctive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are extendable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Translate well into other languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be registered and legally protected </li></ul></ul>Key Decisions Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 21. Brand Strategy <ul><li>Brand Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Name Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Development </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturer brands </li></ul><ul><li>Private (store) brands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Costly to establish and promote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher profit margins </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Licensed brands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Name and character licensing has grown </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Co-branding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advantages / disadvantages </li></ul></ul>Key Decisions Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 22. Brand Strategy <ul><li>Brand Positioning </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Name Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Sponsorship </li></ul><ul><li>Brand Development </li></ul><ul><li>Line extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minor changes to existing products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Brand extensions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Successful brand names help introduce new products </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multibrands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple product entries in a product category </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New brands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New product category </li></ul></ul>Key Decisions Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 23. Managing Brands <ul><li>Brands are known through advertising, personal experience, word of mouth, the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone in the company represents the brand </li></ul><ul><li>Companies need to periodically run a brand audit </li></ul>Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 24. Services Marketing <ul><li>Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Account for 74% of U.S. gross domestic product. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service industries include business organizations, government, and private not-for-profit organizations. </li></ul></ul>Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 25. Characteristics of Services <ul><li>Intangibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumers look for service quality signals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inseparability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Services can’t be separated from providers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Variability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees and other factors result in variability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perishability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Services can’t be inventoried for later sale </li></ul></ul>Goal 3: Understand branding strategy
  • 26. Service Firm Marketing Strategies <ul><li>The Service-Profit Chain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal Marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Managing Service Differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Service Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Managing Service Productivity </li></ul>Goal 4: Identify 4 characteristics that affect marketing a service
  • 27. Product Decisions and Social Responsibility <ul><li>Acquiring and dropping products </li></ul><ul><li>Patent protection </li></ul><ul><li>Product quality and safety </li></ul><ul><li>Product warranties </li></ul>Goal 5: Realize additional product issues
  • 28. International Product and Services Marketing <ul><li>Special challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which products should be marketed internationally? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should the products be standardized or adapted for world markets? Packaging? </li></ul></ul>Goal 5: Realize additional product issues

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