Using Technology for Hands-on Exploration - GAYC 2011


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Presentation at the 2011 Georgia Association on Young Children Conference by Diane Bales and Phillip Baumgarner. Focus of presentation is using iPads and other technology tools for hands-on exploration with preschool children.

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Using Technology for Hands-on Exploration - GAYC 2011

  1. 1. Using Technology Tools to Support  Preschoolers Hands‐on  Investigation Diane Bales, Cooperative Extension Phillip Baumgarner, Child Development Lab Child and Family Development The University of Georgia
  2. 2. Where We’re Going Today• Technology and the early childhood field• Benefits and challenges of technology in ECE• Tips for using technology with young children• Cautions and challenges with technology• Our project: Using iPads as Preschool Research Tools 2
  3. 3. How do you use technology?• What technology tools do you own?• How often do you use technology in your  professional life?• How do you use technology in your early  childhood program? 3
  4. 4. How To Vote via Texting1. Standard texting rates apply (up to $0.20)2. Phone number not recorded3. Capitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces and spelling do 4
  5. 5. How To Vote via Poll4.comCapitalization doesn’t matter, but spaces  and spelling do 5
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  9. 9. The “Computer Question” Is  Changing• The “old” question: Should young children use  computers?• The “new” question: When and how should young  children be introduced to technology?• Competing recommendations • AAP: “No screen time for children under age 2” • NAEYC: “…technology and interactive media are learning  tools that, when used in intentional and developmentally  appropriate ways and in conjunction with other  traditional tools and materials, can support the  development and learning of young children.” 9
  10. 10. Technology Itself Is Changing  Quickly Images from• 2010: Introduction of the iPad• A “Game Changer” for ECE?• Babies using iPads? • What do you think? 10
  11. 11. Technology with Children:  Benefits• Familiar tool; part of child’s world• Authentic way to explore new topics• Chance to create• Way to share creations and receive feedback• Supports critical thinking• Chance to work together 11
  12. 12. Technology with Children:  Challenges• Can be a passive activity• Sometimes overused• Developmentally inappropriate uses• Unequal access to tech tools• Safety concerns for children online 12
  13. 13. Problems with “Drill and Kill”• Decreases creativity• Reduces problem solving• Reduces children’s motivation to use computers• Increases frustration• Requires quick reaction time• No way out 13
  14. 14. Keeping Children Safer Online• Always review websites thoroughly• Watch for similar addresses!• Set limits on children’s online access• Supervise carefully• Teach children “safe surfing” 14
  15. 15. Technology for young children  should be…• Developmentally appropriate• Used only when it’s the best tool• Available as just another learning material• Used for exploration and discovery• A chance for collaborative learning• Available to all children• Adult‐monitored! 15
  16. 16. Our Project• Exploratory study of preschoolers’ use of iPads• Areas of interest • Motor skills • Language  • Cooperation and social interaction • Science investigation• Questions to address • How can we push children beyond “playing games” • How can we help children see iPads as multi‐use tools? 16
  17. 17. What We’ve Done So Far• Collaborative use of iPads• Initial exploration  • Drawing • Photos • Playing games • Monkey Preschool Lunchbox • Water Slide• Field trip photos• Researching classroom questions• Small group comparison activity 17
  18. 18. Initial Exploration of Tools• Two girls learning basic navigation skills • Start button • Dragging • Tapping• Example of cooperative learning Image from 18
  19. 19. Initial Exploration of Tools• Girl and boy playing Monkey Preschool Lunchbox • Teacher scaffolding by repeating instructions• Trial and error Images from 19
  20. 20. Initial Exploration of Tools• Two girls using an open‐ended painting app• Example of cooperative learning• Shared language• Memory of skills learned earlier• Challenges explaining how they did something Image from 20
  21. 21. Field Trip Photos Photos taken by children using ipad.Due to size and weight, the cameraapp is a cooperative activity. 21
  22. 22. Researching Classroom Questions Teachers record research questionsChildren are encouraged to make inquiriesfor research. Ipads are used to gather information. Teachers attempt to make use of visual literacy whenever possible. 22
  23. 23. Small‐Group Comparison Activity• Monkey vs. ApeGroup 1 Group 2 23
  24. 24. You Be the Judge!• What do you see children doing in this video clip?• What skills are they using? Image from 24
  25. 25. What We’ve Observed• Some children are already familiar with iPads• Most children learn quickly to navigate the iPad interface• Children gravitate to games and see iPads as “toys”• Introducing other uses is more challenging• Parents are interested and have their own ideas• New partnerships are forming between children 25
  26. 26. Future Plans• More hands‐on science investigation (iPads + microscopes)• Tool to solve intellectual problems• Communication tool to share findings/activities (Face Time,  blogging, VoiceThread, etc.) • Document children’s growth in iPad use • Changes in complex language • Ease of navigating tool • Peer teaching and modeling • Teacher scaffolding of children’s learning • Gender differences 26
  27. 27. The ProScope HR Mobile• Digital microscope• Hand-held and wireless• Child-safe image from• Can be used to examine almost anything• Images synched to iPad as digital photos or videos• Costs about $250 27
  28. 28. Using the ProScope: Examples images from 28
  29. 29. Communication: VoiceThread• Enables sharing of images and videos• Comments through typing, computer mic, or  phone• Two‐way communication through  commenting• Free online tool (• Brand‐new mobile app (VoiceThread) 29
  30. 30. How You Can Get Started Using  Technology with Children• Start out slowly!• Use free online resources• Capitalize on parents’ interest in technology• Build technology into your budget • Apple volume discounts • Apple computer recycling• Investigate community resources and donors• Small grants for technology • Check out‐grants 30
  31. 31. Questions?Dr. Diane BalesCooperative ExtensionThe University of Georgiadbales@uga.eduPhillip BaumgarnerChild Development Lab at McPhaulThe University of 31