In the close-up shot , a certain feature or part of the subject takes up
most of the frame. A close up of a person usually means a close up of
their face. Close-ups are obviously useful for showing detail and can
also be used as a cut-in. This shot usually emphasizes on person’s
emotional state. However the viewer is drawn into the subject's personal
space and shares their feelings.
In photography a Long Shot (sometimes referred to as a full shot or a
wide shot) typically shows the entire object or human figure and is
usually intended to place it in some relation to its surroundings. The
long shot usually introduces the beginning of every scene. It sets in
motion the audience's perception of time, place and logical action of the
scene that is about to transpire. It is called a long shot because the
camera is placed far away to capture a large area of view.
An Extreme Long shot is used to show large amount of landscape
around the characters. This is also known as establishing shot. It is
when the camera is at its furthest distance from the subject. Audience
is delivered with the location and the time of the movie.
The mid shot shows some part of the subject in more detail, whilst still
showing enough for the audience to feel as if they were looking at the
whole subject. Medium shots can be shot with any lens, but generally
a medium lens is a lens that has the least amount of distortion, which
is the same as to say that it photographs people and scenery in the
way you normally see them in true perspective.
Aerial shots are usually done with a crane or with a camera attached
to a special helicopter to view large landscapes. This sort of shot would
be restricted to exterior locations. A good area to do this shot would be
a scene that takes place on a building. If the aerial shot is of a
character it can make them seem insignificant.
A high angle shot is usually when the camera angle is located above
the eye-line. This shot is usually used in film to make the moment more
dramatic or if there is someone at a high level that the character below
is talking to. It also also makes the figure or object seem vulnerable or
A low-angle shot, is a shot from a camera angle positioned low on the
vertical axis, anywhere below the eyeline, looking up. The trunk shot is a
specialized type of low-angle shot.
OVER THE SHOULDER
This shot is framed from behind a person who is looking at the subject.
The person facing the subject should usually occupy about 1/3 of the
frame. However it helps to establish the position of each person, and
get the feel of looking at one person from the other's point of view. Over
the shoulder shot can be varied quite a bit to include the shoulder or
back of the person facing the subject.