THE MEANING OF PHRASAL VERBS: It easy to guess their meaning because the verb and the particle keep their usual meaning They have idiomatic meaning that You need to learn. The meaning of phrasal verb can be Explained with one word verb.Phrasal verbs are used in informal spoken english If a phrasal verb has a one-word equivalent ,it is used more formal style. phrasal verb : sort out = one - word verb solve
THE GRAMMER OF PHRASAL VERB Transitive They take an object .They can be: Seperable – object can be between the word and particle or after it (put the shoes on / put on the shoes) Note : in dictionaries ,seperable verbs are written like this : tear sth = ( something) sb = (somebody) When the object is a long phrase ,it usulally come after the particle .She tore up all the letter that she received. Inseparable – the two parts of the verb can not be seperated by an object. Note: in dictionaries ,inseperable verbs are written like this: look after sth/sb take after sb ,look for sth etc
Intrasitive phrasal verb They have no object and are written in dictionaries Without sth ,sb . e.geat out ;get up ; wake up ; speak up. Some phrasal verbs can be used in both
ways ‘ I told him to shut up (intransative)
Shut her up!! She has already said too much.(transitive)
The fisherman and the fish: identify the phrasal verbs
Look the story of Jane and John Jane and John dated for over a year. Jane wasn’t the perfect girlfriend so when John moved to another city he decided to leave Jane behind. Now that John has left town Jane feels lonely and would like to win back his heart. Jane has written a letter for John.
Your task is to : Find sentences that can substitute by any of the ‘to look’ phrasal verbs you studied in this unit. Pay attention to verb tenses.
Dear John ! I’m writing to tell you how much I love you.I remember our days together with a lot of affection. Since you left , my life has been a nightmare. I am devastated and depressed. I can’t eat,sleep or even smoke.And you know what a heavy smoke I was .You may be happy to hear this,Now you have left I might give up! I got to the point of thinking that I suffer from a factitious disorder.If you don’t know what is you can find it on www.factitious.com . Sorry ,for being so pedantic.However I know how much you like to investigate new ideas.
I know that when we were together I treated you as an inferior and that this attitude hurt you.On the other hand remember that it was me who was with you when you broke your leg and had to stay at home for that terribly long month. I’m happy finally you got the job you wanted.I really admire you for this.But be careful,don’t overwork like you always do. John,I am ready to change and I would like to move with you. Would you consider this possibility? Deep in love with you Jane