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Doctrine

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A Sunday School presentation on the role of doctrine

A Sunday School presentation on the role of doctrine

Published in: Spiritual

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Transcript

  • 1. Doctrine
  • 2. Three sample doctrines
    The Trinity
    The deity of Christ
    Salvation by faith alone
    Calvinism
    The inerrancy of Scripture
    Dispensationalism
    Nature
    of God
    Nature of
    salvation
    Nature
    of Bible
  • 3. Doctrine vs. Scripture
    Scripture: God’s thoughts using God’s words
    Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, so that we may know the things freely given to us by God, which things we also speak, not in words taught by human wisdom, but in those taught by the Spirit, combining spiritual thoughts with spiritual words. 1 Cor 2:12-13
    Doctrine: Scriptural ideas using human words
    Examples: “Trinity”, “Inerrancy of Scripture” not found in the Bible itself
  • 4. Doctrine vs. Scripture
    Why do we need doctrine?
    Why not just use Scripture’s words?
    Doctrine serves four key functions:
    It summarizes
    It harmonizes
    It corrects errors
    It provides a system
    For teaching
    For interpretation
  • 5. Doctrine vs. Scripture
    How authoritative is doctrine?
    It is based on Scripture
    It is the product of much investigation
    We shouldn’t decide to reinvent the wheel lightly
    Not all doctrines are created equal
    Some are more central than others
    Some are better established than others
    However
    Only Scripture’s words are inerrant
    Scripture does not present a harmonized account
    Scripture does not contradict itself …
    … but the human writers didn’t have to know how to reconcile it
  • 6. Doctrine vs. Scripture
    Doctrine wraps Scriptural ideas into a tidy package
    The value of having a box to put ideas in
    Having to rebuild a box occasionally
  • 7. The progress of doctrine
    Doctrine developed historically
    Roman Catholic heresies
    Attack on the Bible
    Arian heresy
    Nature
    of God
    Nature of
    salvation
    Nature
    of Bible
    33 AD
    400 AD
    1500 AD
    1900 AD
  • 8. The progress of doctrine
    Doctrine developed historically
    Recall: Scripture does not contradict itself, but the human writers didn’t have to know how to reconcile it
    Nature of Bible not always clearly understood
    Nature of salvation not always clearly understood
    Nature of God not always clearly understood
    Nature
    of God
    Nature of
    salvation
    Nature
    of Bible
    33 AD
    400 AD
    1500 AD
    1900 AD
  • 9. The progress of doctrine
    Doctrine developed historically
    … until we all attain to the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God (Eph 4:13)
    Recall: Scripture does not contradict itself, but the human writers didn’t have to know how to reconcile it
    Scripture contains all the data
    It takes hundreds of years to work out the consequences of the Scriptural statements
    What is yet to come?
    Nature
    of God
    Nature of
    salvation
    Nature
    of Bible
    33 AD
    400 AD
    1500 AD
    1900 AD
  • 10. The progress of doctrine
    What are we to make of heretical statements in the early church?
    We are accountable for the light we’ve been given
    If I had not come and spoken to them, they would not have sin, but now they have no excuse for their sin. John 15:22
    From everyone who has been given much, much will be required; and to whom they entrusted much, of him they will ask all the more. Luke 12:48
    If we don’t know the truth clearly, we can trust God to judge our hearts fairly.
    If we know the truth clearly and reject it, we will be held accountable.
  • 11. Challenges to orthodox doctrine
    Since doctrine is not inerrant, we must expect that it will occasionally be wrong
    … but probably not often!
  • 12. Challenges to orthodox doctrine
    Three reasons for doctrinal error
    Don’t know the doctrine
    Don’t realize the importance of the doctrine
    Deliberately oppose the doctrine
  • 13. Challenges to orthodox doctrine
    Two reasonable responses when someone challenges a doctrine
    “That is counter to standard doctrine. I am not going to listen to it. I will warn others that it is not standard doctrine.”
    “That is counter to standard doctrine. I am going to investigate it Biblically. If it is not Biblical, I will warn others that it is counter to Scripture.”
    One unreasonable (but common) response
    “That is counter to standard doctrine. I am not going to listen to it or investigate it. I will warn others that it is counter to Scripture.”
  • 14. Deliberately challenging doctrine
    Recall:
    Scriptural truth in human words
    Summarize
    Harmonize
    Correct errors
    Systematize
    • Types of challenges
    • 15. Reintroduce an idea formerly rejected by the church as an error
    • 16. Improve the wording
    • 17. Reject minor details while accepting the intent
    • 18. Reconsider the central question
    • 19. Offer a different way of resolving the issue
    • 20. Reframe the question
    • 21. Insist on retaining the paradox