Irish American Music

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Irish American Music

  1. 1. Irish American Music Meghan Witherell
  2. 2. Irish History <ul><li>The Irish are an ancient people with a significant history. </li></ul><ul><li>Some state that the Irish people were in Ireland as early as 6000 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Music has always been an important influence in Irish life. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Ireland Geography <ul><li>Ireland is a small island in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Geologist compare it to the size of the state of Indiana in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Irelands coastlines, mountains, and green valleys are famous world wide. </li></ul>Pictures courtesy of http://ehistory.osu.edu/osu/timeline/event.cfm?anchorid=6825&Era_id=13
  4. 4. The Irish People <ul><li>The Irish people are famous as well. They seem to have always struggled for survival and basic human rights. </li></ul><ul><li>This has made them a strong and stubborn people. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ireland’s People cont. <ul><li>The Irish people are also known for their strong faith and their love of music, socialization and dance. </li></ul><ul><li>Their love for socialization has brought the stereotype of the drunken Irishman because their social outings were usually at the local pub. A tradition they took with them to the U.S. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Irish struggle with England <ul><li>The Pope gave Henry II permission to take over Ireland in 1155 in order for Henry to reform the church. </li></ul><ul><li>Ireland was invaded by the Normans in 1169. </li></ul><ul><li>Henry II showed up in 1171 to ensure that the Normans submitted the lands to him rather than set up independent kingdoms. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ireland vs. England cont <ul><li>This lead to the continual struggle with Ireland for their independence from England. </li></ul><ul><li>The English have always treated the Irish as subhuman or a lower class. </li></ul><ul><li>This increased when Henry VIII separated from the Catholic Church. Southern Ireland has never given up their faith even by tourcher or force from England and Northern Ireland. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Irish and their Music <ul><li>Music has always been an important aspect of Irish life. </li></ul><ul><li>From ballads and folk, to jigs and reels. Music has both comforted, rejoiced and entertained the Irish people. </li></ul>Picture courtesy of: www.nuigalway.ie /.../burke_archive.htm
  9. 9. Traditional Irish Music <ul><li>Traditional Irish music consisted of Celtic roots and instruments. </li></ul><ul><li>The variety of instruments played includes fiddle, tin whistles, Irish flute, guitar, & the bodhran (Irish drum) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Potato Famine <ul><li>The land in Ireland was almost all owned by English/Anglo landlords. </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish people worked the land for slave wages and barley survied prior to the famine. The Irish population was considerable and their already was limited amount of food to go around. </li></ul><ul><li>The famine was caused by a airborn fungus that killed all the potato plants. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Famine cont. <ul><li>The Irish people had long ago relied on the potato as their maine food source because it was dependable and with the skin it was nutritious. </li></ul><ul><li>The famine wipe out numerous Irish people because the British government refused to help them. </li></ul><ul><li>This set in motion the large emmigration movement to the United States. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Irish Emigration to America <ul><li>The Irish fled to both Canada and America in search of a new life of freedom and equality. </li></ul><ul><li>They brought with them their stories, traditions, and most importantly their music. </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortuently, the Irish weren’t able to flee from the prejudice against their people which was brought over by the Protestants and the English. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Changes to Irish-American Music <ul><li>The Irish brought over the music from their homeland but almost from the minute the got to America they began writing about home. </li></ul><ul><li>Ballads/Folk Song, Pub Song (group sing), and dancing music were amoung the new Irish American repratory. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Irish Ballads/Folk Songs <ul><li>Ballads focused on the sadness of the Irish people. Either from missing their homeland, the abuse and rejection felt from the American people or just loss in general (death, distance, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Folk songs were the stories and traditions from the homeland such as </li></ul><ul><li>Cú Chulainn </li></ul>
  15. 15. Irish Pub Songs <ul><li>Irish pub song are like what we would call “Sing a longs” </li></ul><ul><li>The were a catchy familiar tune in which everyone could join in. </li></ul><ul><li>This was both entertainment and comradery for the Irish people. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Irish Reel’s and Jigs <ul><li>Irish dancing music was made </li></ul>
  17. 17. A Sample of Irish Instruments <ul><li>Fiddle </li></ul><ul><li>Flute </li></ul><ul><li>Tin Whistle (pennywhistle) </li></ul><ul><li>Harp </li></ul><ul><li>Bodhrán </li></ul>
  18. 18. Fiddle
  19. 19. Flute and Tin Whistle
  20. 20. Harp
  21. 21. Bodhrán
  22. 22. Irish influence on American Music <ul><li>You can hear Irish instrumentals and rhythms is a lot of American music both modern and early American. </li></ul><ul><li>The music had an uplifting quality which is good for the soul. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Famous Irish American Singers/Musicians <ul><li>Bing Crosby </li></ul><ul><li>Dermot O’Brien (Irish born but famous for singing in US) </li></ul><ul><li>Clancy Brothers (Irish born but famous for singing in US) </li></ul><ul><li>Irish Rovers (Irish born , Canadan Citizens, but famous for singing in US) </li></ul><ul><li>U2 </li></ul><ul><li>Sinead O’Connor (Irish born but famous for singing in US) </li></ul>
  24. 24. St. Patrick’s Day <ul><li>St. Patrick’s Day is a holy day in Ireland. It is usually celebrated with Mass. </li></ul><ul><li>When the Irish came to America they missed their homeland and congregated together at the local pubs to celebrate. Wearing green to symbolize the green fields they left behind in Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>This began the American tradition of celebrating St. Patrick’s Day. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s funny to think that the sterotype that was used to look down on the Irish is the most celebrated characterist in the U.S. today. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Conclusion <ul><li>The Irish people have gone from detested and alinated in this country to the culture that everyone wants to be associated with. </li></ul><ul><li>Their gift of music and celebration has won the hearts of most Americans. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.irelandseye.com/aarticles/history/events/index.shtm </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kinsella.org/history/histira.htm </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.google.com/#q=irish+history+in+america&hl=en&tbs=tl:1&tbo=u&ei=0ir6Sr3sCIGisgP03ZX5AQ&sa=X&oi=timeline_result&ct=title&resnum=11&ved=0CCEQ5wIwCg&fp=74f5ed7994d722e7 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.irish-music.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mustrad.org.uk/reviews/irish_am.htm </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://repository.upenn.edu/dissertations/AAI9227728/ </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.contemplator.com/folk.html </li></ul><ul><li>  http://ehistory.osu.edu/osu/timeline/event.cfm?anchorid=6825&Era_id=13 </li></ul>

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