New England Colonies
• The people that founded it wanted to keep their
family unit together and practice their own
• Pilgrims settled here in search of religious
freedom; others came to make money.
• Colonies were largely subsistence farming and
• People there made their own clothes and shoes,
and grew much of their own food.
• Boston was the major New England port.
• Puritans thought that Massachusetts was not
pious enough so they formed the colony
Connecticut, other Puritans thought that
Massachusetts was too restrictive so they formed
the colony Rhode Island.
• North of Massachusetts, a handful of
adventurous settlers formed New Hampshire.
• Because of the growing of the colonies
mercantilism became a hot topic for both the
king and the colonists.
• The people that founded it were looking to
practice their own religion.
• The most socially, politically, and economically
• Many didn’t bring their families with them
• Perfect workers for the hard work required in
ironworkers and on farms
• William Penn founded Pennsylvania also known
as “Penn’s woods”
• Quakers paid their own way to the colonies.
• Pennsylvania soon became a prosperous and
relatively equalitarian place.
• Part of the colonies was agriculture, and the
other part of the colonies was industrial.
• Wheat and other grains grew in Pennsylvania and
• Factories in Pennsylvania produced paper and
• Their trade with England was plentiful in these
• The people who founded it were out to make
• They brought their families with them, and they
all stayed together on plantations.
• They were almost entirely agriculture.
• Main feature was the plantations.
• Factories in Maryland produce iron.
• Grew cash crops such as: tobacco, corn, rice, and
• The Carolina colony was originally a territory that
stretched South from Virginia and down to
• In the northern half, farmers eked out a living.
• In the southern half, planters presided over vast
estates that produced corn, lumber, beef and
pork, and starting in the 1690’s rice.
• Carolinians had close ties to the English planter
colony on the Caribbean Island of Barbados,
relied heavily on American slave labor
• Slavery played an important role in development
of the Carolina colony.
• North Carolina and South Carolina split in 1729.
• Englishman James Oglethorpe established the
• Georgia was created to build a buffer between
South Carolina and the Spanish settlements in
Florida, and it was a place for debaters to go,
start a new life, and be able to pay off past debts.
• The Triangular Trade is the trade route that developed
between the North American Colonies, England, and
• The first route carried fish, lumber, and other goods
from New England to the West Indies. In the West
Indies they picked up sugar and molasses, which was
used to make rum. From the West Indies merchants
carried the rum, along with guns, gunpowder, and tools
to West Africa. Here, they traded these items for
slaves, they carried the slaves to the West Indies where
they were sold.
• Can best be described as a revitalization of
religious piety that swept through the
American colonies between the 1730’s and
• Jonathan Edwards and George Whitefield
were big impacts in the Great Awakening.
• He was the Yale minister who refused to
convert to the Church of England, he became
concerned that New Englanders were
becoming too far concerned with worldly
matters. It seemed to him that people found
he pursuit of wealth to be more important
than John Calvin’s religious principles. Some
were even beginning to suggest that
predestination was wrong and that good
works might save a soul.
• He was a minister from Britain who toured the
American colonies. An actor by training, he
would shout the word of God, weep with
sorrow, and tremble with passion as he
delivered is sermons. Colonists flocked by the
thousands to hear him speak. He converted
slaves and even a few Native Americans. Even
religious skeptic Benjamin Franklin emptied
his coin purse after hearing him speak in
• Is the period in the history of western thought
and culture, stretching roughly from the middecades of the seventeenth century throught
the eighteenth century, characterized by
dramatic revolutions in science, philosophy,
society and politics; these revolutions swept
away the medieval world-view and ushered in
our modern western world.
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