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Context7.0 magnitude earthquake in 20103 million people were affected ○ 316,000 people died ○ 300,000 were injured ○ 1,000,000 rendered homeless Need to fully understand the situation on the ground
Geography- Climate: Tropical wet and dry climate ○ severe storms from June to October ○ occasional flooding and earthquakes ○ periodic droughts- Terrain: mostly rough and mountainous ○ extensive deforestation ○ soil erosion ○ inadequate supplies of potable water
Outline Life in general Life of women- Geography - Status of Women- People and society - Violence against Women- Economy - Womens health- Education- History
People and Society- Languages: French (official), Creole (official)- Religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16%, none 1%, other 3% *note: roughly half of the population practices voodoo- Age structure:median age: 21.6*Average household size: 4.5
People and Society- HIV/AIDS:adult (aged 15 to 49) prevalence rate: 1.9% (2009 est.)people living with HIV/AIDS: 120,000 (2009 est.)primarily transmitted through heterosexual contact, followed by mother-to-infanttransmission.- Sanitation facility access:17% of population (urban: 24%, rural: 10%)
Economy- Labor force - by occupation:● agriculture: 38.1%● industry: 11.5%● services: 50.4% (2010)- Unemployment rate: 40.6%- Population below poverty line: 80%- Agriculture - products:coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, woodMost of Haitis food is imported
Education● Haiti’s literacy rate of about 53% (55% for males and 51% for females) is below the 90% average literacy rate for Latin American and Caribbean countries● 90% of Schools are non-public and managed by communities, religious organizations or NGOs● The country faces shortages in educational supplies and qualified teachers● The enrollment rate for primary school is 67%, of which less than 30% reach 6th grade.● The Ministry provides very little funds to support public education. As a result, the private sector has become a substitute for governmental public investment in education. The Ministry is limited in its ability improve the quality of education in Haiti.
History- A Spanish and later French colony, Haiti won its independence through a"slave revolution" in 1804.- It was the richest French colony in the Caribbean and the world’s mainproducer of sugar.- It was ruled by the dictatorial Duvalier family from 1957-1986.- It was the first black republic to declare independence.- It is now the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.● Currency: Gourd● Current President: Michel Martelly● Current P.M.: Laurent Lamothe
Status of Women- Ranked 149th out of 182 countries on the 2009 UN Development Programme(UNDP)- Haitian women are "equal under the law" but gender bias plays a role inpolitical, educational and economic spheres. Although women form a major partof the informal economy participating in underground financial systems oftontine and sabotaj.- Women are often the head of the household. In the diaspora, women oftensent the most money home.- Rural Urban Divide: Nearly 25% of the women in urban areas have finishedsecondary school, compared with less than 2 percent in rural areas- Major threats to womens safety: rape, kidnapping, human trafficking- In 2005, rape was declared illegal but is rarely enforced. Rape has becomecommon practice in the post-earthquake camps.
Violence against WomenServices for survivors of sexual violence. limited in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince non-existent in rural areas. ○ doctors and nurses are not trained to treat gender-based violence ○ lack of resources to investigate and prosecute perpetrators ○ social stigma attached to these crimes ○ fear of reprisals from their attackersOrganizations:KOFAVIV, FAVILEK, MADRE
Womens HealthHealth Cost ○ Caesarean section or hospitalization during pregnancy: $125–$400 ○ Home birth with a lay midwife: $25 ○ Prescriptions: $1.25–$20 ○ Consult a general physician: $6 ○ Consult a specialist: $25 ○ various tests: $10–50Results ○ Skilled birth attendants. 26% of all deliveries ○ Infant & maternal mortality rates. 64 per 1,000 live births ○ Unmet need for contraception. 52% of Haitian women *Total fertility rate: 2.98 children born/woman (2012 est.)