Hinduism: The Basics

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Hinduism: The Basics

  1. 1. Hinduism The Basics
  2. 2. Quick Overview of Hinduism <ul><li>Hinduism is one of the oldest religions in the world and originated in India. </li></ul><ul><li>It has no single founder, nor one single holy text. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism formed from a combination of the Indus River Valley, Aryan, and Dravidian cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>The religion is still evolving today. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Vedas and the Mahabharata <ul><li>Most scholars believe that Krishna Dvaipayana Vyasa composed the Vedas and later changed his name to compose the Mahabharata. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mahabharata is a long </li></ul><ul><li>epic poem, with over 1.8 </li></ul><ul><li>million words, that tells many </li></ul><ul><li>stories about the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>between 2 families. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hindu Gods <ul><li>Since Hinduism is a polytheistic religion, it has many gods. It has one main being called Brahman, which consists of 3 Gods. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahma – The Creator </li></ul><ul><li>Vishnu – The Preserver </li></ul><ul><li>Shiva – The Destroyer </li></ul>
  5. 5. Yoga and Moksha <ul><li>Yoga is a path to enlightenment. The goal of Yoga is moksha. Moksha is union with God, or Brahman. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 4 different Yogas, including Work, Knowledge, Meditation, and Love. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Dharma and Karma <ul><li>Dharma (duty) is how you should conduct yourself and live your life. </li></ul><ul><li>Karma is your actions that affect your next life. To have good karma, one must perform his or her dharma. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Caste System <ul><li>There are 4 main castes called varnas. </li></ul><ul><li>Brahmins – Priests </li></ul><ul><li>Kshatriyas – Rulers and soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Vaisyas – Farmers and Merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Sudras – Artisans </li></ul><ul><li>Untouchables – non-Aryans </li></ul><ul><li>and slaves </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sources <ul><li>Flood, Gavin. An Introduction to Hinduism . Cambridge University Press, 1996. Print. </li></ul>

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