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Building the new nation

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A basic introduction or review of the United States from 1800-1850. Grade 7.

A basic introduction or review of the United States from 1800-1850. Grade 7.

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  • 1. Building the New Nation 1800-1850 United States History 7 th Grade Maple Team
  • 2. Let’s review how we got here…
    • Remember the “land bridge” that people walked across from Asia?
    • This is estimated to have happened between 10,000 & 30,000 years ago!
    • These people were probably hunting for bison & woolly mammoths.
    • Eventually, people spread throughout North, Central, and South America.
  • 3. Native Americans
    • The people that first settled the American continents are called “Natives” because they were here first.
    • There were thousands of different tribes that adjusted to the environment in which they lived.
  • 4. Exploration from Europe
    • Poof! Poof! Poof!
    • When the explorers set sail, they had NO idea what they would run into! 1492 wasn’t the very first time, though…remember the Vikings?
    • By 1605, England gives settlement a try in Jamestown, Virginia.
  • 5. The Main Reasons for Exploration
    • Remember we wrote a five-paragraph essay on the causes & effects of exploration?
    • Reasons range from the desire to see what the world had to offer, to the greed of finding gold and other riches.
  • 6. Colonies of North America
    • The excitement of a new land couldn’t be stopped. Spain, England, and France became the primary countries to set up camp on the east coast.
    • Thirteen colonies quickly sprouted and with the help of the Natives, they grew!
    • New England, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies all had unique ways of life.
  • 7. New England Colonies
    • People in New England lived in small towns or on small farms.
    • They traded fish, lumber, and furs.
    • The Massachusetts towns of Salem and Boston were the main seaports for trade.
  • 8. Middle Colonies
    • Many families in the middle colonies lived on farms.
    • Main crops were wheat, rye, oats, and barley. The middle colonies were a center for manufacturing things such as glass, leather goods, & barrels.
    • Ironworks also became important, such as guns, axes, and tools. New York, N.Y. and Philadelphia were the main ports.
  • 9. Southern Colonies
    • Most southerners made their living from farming.
    • The chief crops were: tobacco, rice, and indigo. Only the wealthy owned plantations and had slaves.
    • Charleston, S.C., & Savannah, GA. were the main ports where cotton & slaves were traded 
  • 10. Colonial Religion
    • We can’t forget about the important role that religion played in the settling of the new colonies.
    • Some settlers were from the Church of England (Anglicans), while Puritans were the group otherwise known as the Pilgrims.
  • 11. Early African Americans
    • Unfortunately, the slave trade grew quickly because the European nations who were selling the slaves made tons of money 
    • People were kidnapped, many times by Africans, and then traded for valuables…in the 1700’s alone, there were at least 350,000 Africans brought to the Americas
    • By 1850, this number was in the millions.
  • 12. African Americans
    • There were at least 3 million slaves by 1850, and this is a conservative number.
    • Marriage was not legal among slaves. Any children born to them were considered the master’s property. Could you imagine?
    • Some African Americans were “free blacks” but could not serve in the military, vote, or attend certain churches.
  • 13. Beginnings of Democracy
    • A House of Burgesses was set up in Virginia…this was the first representative form of gov’t!
    • Then, in 1620, came the Mayflower Compact…which provided for a gov’t and set of laws for the new Pilgrim colonists in Massachusetts.
  • 14. The French & Indian War 1754-1763
    • Remember our first quarter trade books?
    • The French & the “Indians” fought on the same team…confusing name, hey?
    • The results of this conflict really helped lead to the American Revolution. Also, it made France want to fight on the colonists side in the Revolution! 
  • 15. Causes of the American Revolution (1775-1783)
    • The Proclamation of 1763
    • The Stamp Act (1765)
    • Townshend Acts (1767) which was the tax on lead, glass, paper, paint, and tea…was lifted on everything but tea.
    • British troops moved in to occupy Boston (1768) This highly tense time led to the massacre of five people.
  • 16. Causes of the American Revolution (1775-1783)
    • The Boston Tea “party” led by Sam Adams…colonists dressed like Mohawks boarded shops and dumped 45,000 tons of tea into the harbor.
    • Britain passed the strict Intolerable Acts…this sent everyone over the edge. “Shot heard ‘round the world”
  • 17. Results of the American Revolution
    • After getting a taste of standing up for themselves (Dec. of Ind. 7/4/1776), colonists became and independent nation called the U.S.A.!
    • Britain gave the United States the land east of the Mississippi, north to Canada, south to the border of Florida and of course east to the Atlantic Ocean.
    • All British control of American trade was lifted!
    • A new gov’t with elected representatives was formed under the Articles of Confederation (this was really a first draft of the Constitution)
  • 18. The Birth of a New Nation (1789-1800)
    • From 1781 to 1789 we were independent of Britain, but under the Articles of Confederation, things weren’t working so well.
    • George Washington ran the Constitutional Convention, which created three branches of gov’t.
    • The Bill of Rights was added in 1791 to guarantee the rights of the people 
  • 19. Now we’re “building the new nation” 1800-1850
    • Just think of a new building, first the framing goes up, then the walls, then the roof. That is exactly what happened in our country.
    • At the young age of 11, under our third president, we doubled our team size which gave us power globally.
  • 20. Westbound!
    • The land purchased from France’s emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was named “Louisiana” after King Louis XIV of France.
    • We paid $15 million for 828,000 acres, which comes out to between .03 and .04 cents per acre! Nice…
    • What wasn’t so nice was the fact that new settlers pushed the Natives off the land they had lived on for thousands of years.
    • This begins a dark chapter in U.S. history in terms of Native American removal and violence.
  • 21. Wow, what 50 years can do…
    • 1803 Lewis & Clark make it to the Pacific.
    • 1807 Robert Fulton invents steamboat-
    • 1825 Erie Canal is completed
    • 1838 Trail of Tears 
    • 1846 War with Mexico begins
  • 22. In our next unit…
    • After we all become history experts, learning about Native American removal/reservation, the growth of slavery, and westward expansion, we will move to how our nation became so divided that we actually fought against one another in the American Civil War (1861-1865)