05 schematic symbols and components

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05 schematic symbols and components

  1. 1. Schematic Symbols and Components
  2. 2. Schematic Symbols <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize Schematic Symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be able to draw the schematic symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognize the actual components </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the basic function of each component </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Resistors <ul><li>Resistor </li></ul><ul><li>Potentiometer </li></ul><ul><li>Photoresistor </li></ul>
  4. 4. Capacitors: Basic Function: Stores electrical charge, used to filter low frequencies <ul><li>Electrolytic </li></ul><ul><li>Mylar (chicklet) </li></ul><ul><li>Disc </li></ul><ul><li>Variable capacitor – Used in tuning circuits (tuning knob on a radio). </li></ul>
  5. 5. Diodes (one-way check valve for electricity) <ul><li>Diode </li></ul><ul><li>Zener Diode </li></ul><ul><li>Photo-Diode </li></ul><ul><li>Light Emitting Diode </li></ul>
  6. 6. Transistors: switch, oscillator, amplifier <ul><li>NPN Transistor </li></ul><ul><li>PNP Transistor </li></ul><ul><li>UJT Transistor </li></ul><ul><li>Photo Transistor </li></ul>
  7. 7. Switches <ul><li>Normally Open </li></ul><ul><li>Normally Closed </li></ul><ul><li>SPST (Single Pole, Single Throw) </li></ul><ul><li>SPDT (Single Pole, Double Throw) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lights <ul><li>Incandescent </li></ul><ul><li>Neon </li></ul><ul><li>Florescent </li></ul>
  9. 9. Electromagnetic Devices <ul><li>Coil </li></ul><ul><li>Speaker </li></ul><ul><li>Microphone </li></ul>
  10. 10. Electromagnetic Devices <ul><ul><li>Relay (Electromagnetically controlled switch) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transformer </li></ul><ul><li>Antenna </li></ul><ul><li>Motor </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thyristors <ul><li>Silicon Controlled Rectifiers (Gated Diode) </li></ul><ul><li>TRIAC (used to control AC circuits / like 2 SCR’s back to back) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Meters <ul><li>Digital Multimeters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ohmmeters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ammeters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voltmeters </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Digital Logic Gates <ul><li>AND </li></ul><ul><li>NAND </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>NOR </li></ul><ul><li>XOR </li></ul><ul><li>Inverter (NOT) </li></ul>
  14. 14. General <ul><li>Fuse </li></ul><ul><li>Wire Crossing not connected </li></ul><ul><li>Wires Crossing & Connected </li></ul><ul><li>Buzzer </li></ul>
  15. 15. General <ul><li>Connector </li></ul><ul><li>Terminal </li></ul><ul><li>Crystal </li></ul><ul><li>Voltage Regulator </li></ul><ul><li>Operational Amplifier </li></ul>
  16. 16. Voltage Sources <ul><li>Battery </li></ul><ul><li>AC Voltage Source </li></ul>
  17. 17. Voltage Sources / Grounds <ul><li>Earth Ground </li></ul><ul><li>Chassis Ground </li></ul><ul><li>AC Plug </li></ul><ul><li>AC Outlet </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sources for pictures <ul><li>Capacitor: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://blogs.courant.com/colin_mcenroe_to_wit/capacitor.jpg&imgrefurl=http://blogs.courant.com/colin_mcenroe_to_wit/2009/02/ok-ok-tales-of-geets.html&usg=__2F74WQM_txJ3Ue6FuDfV-DoUO18=&h=564&w=1081&sz=147&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=yaoeg4Bbu7btxM:&tbnh=78&tbnw=150&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcapacitor%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>NPN Transistor: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.solarbotics.com/assets/images/tr2222/tr2222_pl.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.solarbotics.com/products/tr2222/&usg=__HCmGR5I7ru69QrUnQRgtwtjY-X4=&h=450&w=600&sz=23&hl=en&start=3&um=1&tbnid=8ho2yU-_u_gxlM:&tbnh=101&tbnw=135&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dnpn%2Btransistor%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>NPN transistor schematic: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.weidemyr.com/com/electro_transistorsymbol-f.png&imgrefurl=http://www.weidemyr.com/com/electro.shtml&usg=__21jIsCFUOo4sAvbx2PKE94QHJ9E=&h=500&w=468&sz=12&hl=en&start=6&um=1&tbnid=VDfCRle8pJxkUM:&tbnh=130&tbnw=122&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dnpn%2Btransistor%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>Voltage regulator: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.electronicrepairguide.com/7808%2520voltage%2520regulator.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.electronicrepairguide.com/restore-crt.html&usg=__8bRR7QtFOPxrgwD-wZwcHu8wopA=&h=331&w=311&sz=17&hl=en&start=3&um=1&tbnid=EGC6FDfPgLccDM:&tbnh=119&tbnw=112&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dvoltage%2Bregulator%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul>
  19. 19. Sources <ul><li>PNP transistor schematic (also has another, more detailed version of the NPN schematic: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.abcofelectronics.com/p-n-p-symbol.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.abcofelectronics.com/integratedcircuits.htm&usg=__MdxQpmAWaItgW9JT6VMLNywhP0A=&h=289&w=405&sz=8&hl=en&start=6&um=1&tbnid=C0ohQY_zsjgWwM:&tbnh=88&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3DPNP%2Btransistor%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>PNP transistor: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.c-stamp.com/images/CS560000.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.c-stamp.com/components.htm&usg=__Hq_yfnl6KIOcvDi2drVGKwbWbB0=&h=169&w=256&sz=6&hl=en&start=21&um=1&tbnid=LBO_DsAspRH3IM:&tbnh=73&tbnw=111&prev=/images%3Fq%3DPNP%2Btransistor%2Bpicture%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>PNP transistor 2: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.pagermotors.com/index_files/Products/Electronic_Components/3906_Transistor/3906_Transistor_(L).gif&imgrefurl=http://www.pagermotors.com/index_files/Products/Electronic_Components/3906_Transistor/3906_Transistor.htm&usg=__L1sTWwBMlojaDxeD10ArgSHfBmc=&h=377&w=395&sz=28&hl=en&start=26&um=1&tbnid=XjMupWmI5vj-5M:&tbnh=118&tbnw=124&prev=/images%3Fq%3DPNP%2Btransistor%2Bpicture%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>UJT Transistor: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.globalspec.com/FeaturedProducts/Detail/Unijunction_Transistors_UJTs_from_AMS/93313/0?deframe=1 </li></ul><ul><li>Photo Transistor: </li></ul><ul><li>http://rocky.digikey.com/weblib/Optek/Web%20photos/OP505x,%20506x.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Diode: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://mustangsva.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/diode.gif&imgrefurl=http://mustangsva.co.uk/2009/04/02/back-emf-protection-diodes/&usg=__aLQfjZ6rhkadtrrtGyiJ7S3fK2o=&h=296&w=300&sz=9&hl=en&start=7&um=1&tbnid=x_PEPyVPTY1qDM:&tbnh=114&tbnw=116&prev=/images%3Fq%3Ddiode%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26hs%3DwkF%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>Zener Diode: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://shop.4atraders.com/shop/images/Zener%2520Diode.jpg&imgrefurl=http://shop.4atraders.com/shop/products_new.php&usg=__4r-VfGLq6GKSEiPQKJZ141BOfd4=&h=360&w=360&sz=52&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=JPMG9fZjVWyACM:&tbnh=121&tbnw=121&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dzener%2Bdiode%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26hs%3D86u%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>Photo Diode: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.mi-lasers.com/stock/ToshibaTOLD9231_300.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Photo Diode 2: </li></ul><ul><li>http://rocky.digikey.com/weblib/Panasonic/Web%20Photos/New%20Photos/PNZ300F.jpg </li></ul>
  20. 20. Sources <ul><li>LED: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://technabob.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2007/10/led_of_led_1.jpg&imgrefurl=http://technabob.com/blog/2007/10/07/giant-led-lamps-made-from-leds/&usg=__Q__BApCDgeOisXs7Ocmx4xNRp4A=&h=382&w=520&sz=25&hl=en&start=2&um=1&tbnid=6QsDcrRDWc4G9M:&tbnh=96&tbnw=131&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dlight%2Bemitting%2Bdiode%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26hs%3DWUa%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>LED Schematic: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.aprosystems.com/image/led_e.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.aprosystems.com/about_led_e.htm&usg=__Mj1ou4ZgzgFoEoza4SSy557R4Sw=&h=444&w=353&sz=32&hl=en&start=23&um=1&tbnid=_HBSss17tBjWoM:&tbnh=127&tbnw=101&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dlight%2Bemitting%2Bdiode%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26hs%3D5Va%26sa%3DN%26start%3D18%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>Switches schematic: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.xmission.com/~daina/images/switches.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.xmission.com/~daina/tips/pub/tip0222.html&usg=__-AE-7XrhE0uieksNNZlPBbp_D2Y=&h=171&w=444&sz=2&hl=en&start=3&um=1&tbnid=ad9PMviOUwCMYM:&tbnh=49&tbnw=127&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dnormally%2Bopen%2Bswitch%26ndsp%3D18%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26hs%3D2Wa%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>Normally open switch: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.bcae1.com/images/gifs/switpush.gif&imgrefurl=http://www.bcae1.com/switches.htm&usg=__SKDS4Lq_a7SpvbKyLEpBjNHTh30=&h=308&w=347&sz=4&hl=en&start=5&um=1&tbnid=YdtkOXT2IX1RaM:&tbnh=107&tbnw=120&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dnormally%2Bopen%2Bswitch%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>Normally closed switch: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=https://www.dsuban.com/secure/images/products/2752.bmp&imgrefurl=http://www.dsuban.com/Kit-Masters--Fan-Clutch-Experts-v18/&usg=__B_jnzfd7KUYnPFjD0pqRKrOO-xU=&h=445&w=427&sz=559&hl=en&start=3&um=1&tbnid=MjW6N9j6dAol8M:&tbnh=127&tbnw=122&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dnormally%2Bclosed%2Bswitch%2Bexample%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul><ul><li>SPST schematic: </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.colehersee.com/images/resource/SPST.GIF&imgrefurl=http://www.colehersee.com/04resource/dict_s.htm&usg=__dFHwTuWreldqW91WdO2aW_3jQc4=&h=495&w=657&sz=18&hl=en&start=1&um=1&tbnid=zJlagNTbsv3xPM:&tbnh=104&tbnw=138&prev=/images%3Fq%3DSPST%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DG%26um%3D1 </li></ul>

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