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Verbs, Verbs, VerbsVerbs, Verbs, Verbs
Action Verbs
Linking Verbs
(also: auxiliary, transitive, intransitive)
We’re not ty...
Two, 2, dos, deux, zwei, ni, ,Two, 2, dos, deux, zwei, ni, ,
action
linking
There are ONLY two kinds of verbs
on the pl...
All real verbs are either
action or linking. There are
other “verby” things
(auxiliary/helping verbs,
verbals), but they a...
Action VerbsAction Verbs
Action VerbsAction Verbs
express either mental or physical activity
The dogs barked all day.
He thought about the day.
Action VerbsAction Verbs
may be transitive or intransitive
(more on this later – just note it for now)
Linking VerbsLinking Verbs
Linking VerbsLinking Verbs
express a state of being
connect (or link) the subject to a word or
word group that identifie...
Linking VerbsLinking Verbs
never have objects
ALWAYS intransitive
(more on this later – just note it for now)
Action or Linking Verb?Action or Linking Verb?
We celebrated the Chinese New
Year yesterday.
The holiday is usually in F...
Action or Linking Verb?Action or Linking Verb?
John looked tired.
John looked through the binoculars.
John looked tired...
Action or Linking Verb?Action or Linking Verb?
Remain in your seats until the end of
class.
Remain calm.
Remain in your...
Handy Tip for Linking VerbsHandy Tip for Linking Verbs
Linking verbs are like the equal signs of
language. (=)
Any verb ...
Action or Linking Verb? Your Turn!Action or Linking Verb? Your Turn!
Any verb that can be replaced with is, am,
are, be, ...
Auxiliary/Helping “Verbs”Auxiliary/Helping “Verbs”
“auxiliary” just means “helping”
Helping verbs and linking verbs are th...
Auxiliary/Helping VerbsAuxiliary/Helping Verbs
be
am
is
are
was
were
(sing to the tune of “Jingle Bells” for a handy...
Auxiliary/Auxiliary/HelpHelping Verbsing Verbs
help the main verb express action or a
state of being
can speak
may be
...
Auxiliary VerbsAuxiliary Verbs Verb PhraseVerb Phrase
A verb phrase has one main verb
and one or more auxiliary verbs
**...
Helping Verb or Linking Verb?Helping Verb or Linking Verb?
I am a teacher.
I am writing a letter.
We are hungry.
The g...
HelpingHelping Verb orVerb or LinkingLinking Verb? Your Turn!Verb? Your Turn!
was does have
 I was a track star.
 I was ...
Helping Verb=Participle Tense
I am talking on the phone. Present
participle
I have been in class. Past Participle
I wil...
Handy Tip for Verb PhrasesHandy Tip for Verb Phrases
Sometimes a verb phrase is interrupted
by another part of speech, li...
Transitive and IntransitiveTransitive and IntransitiveTransitive and Intransitive
It’s all about transfer of action to
an ...
Handy TipHandy Tip
Since transitive/intransitive verbs
deal with whether or not action
passes from the subject to an
obje...
Transitive VerbsTransitive Verbs
express an action directed toward a person, a
place, a thing, or an idea (a.k.a., nouns)...
Transitive Verbs: ExamplesTransitive Verbs: Examples
Derrick greeted the visitors.
Derrick greeted whom? The action (gre...
Intransitive VerbsIntransitive Verbs
express action or tell something about the
subject without the action passing to a
r...
Intransitive Verbs: ExamplesIntransitive Verbs: Examples
The train stopped.
The train stopped what? There is nothing in ...
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!
The children play checkers.
The children pl...
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!
The children play checkers.
The children pl...
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!
Mr. Lopez is baking bread.
Mr. Lopez is bak...
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!
Have Roland and Tracy left their
coats?
Rol...
Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!
Label the subjects and verbs in these sentenc...
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Verbs verbsverbs

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Transcript of "Verbs verbsverbs"

  1. 1. Verbs, Verbs, VerbsVerbs, Verbs, Verbs Action Verbs Linking Verbs (also: auxiliary, transitive, intransitive) We’re not types of verbs, but we’re related to them!
  2. 2. Two, 2, dos, deux, zwei, ni, ,Two, 2, dos, deux, zwei, ni, , action linking There are ONLY two kinds of verbs on the planet. They are: (tutu) 
  3. 3. All real verbs are either action or linking. There are other “verby” things (auxiliary/helping verbs, verbals), but they are not true verbs. We will discuss these later.
  4. 4. Action VerbsAction Verbs
  5. 5. Action VerbsAction Verbs express either mental or physical activity The dogs barked all day. He thought about the day.
  6. 6. Action VerbsAction Verbs may be transitive or intransitive (more on this later – just note it for now)
  7. 7. Linking VerbsLinking Verbs
  8. 8. Linking VerbsLinking Verbs express a state of being connect (or link) the subject to a word or word group that identifies or describes the subject My teacher is cranky.
  9. 9. Linking VerbsLinking Verbs never have objects ALWAYS intransitive (more on this later – just note it for now)
  10. 10. Action or Linking Verb?Action or Linking Verb? We celebrated the Chinese New Year yesterday. The holiday is usually in February. We celebrated the Chinese New Year yesterday. The holiday is usually in February. action linking
  11. 11. Action or Linking Verb?Action or Linking Verb? John looked tired. John looked through the binoculars. John looked tired. John looked through the binoculars. action linking
  12. 12. Action or Linking Verb?Action or Linking Verb? Remain in your seats until the end of class. Remain calm. Remain in your seats until the end of class. Remain calm. action linking
  13. 13. Handy Tip for Linking VerbsHandy Tip for Linking Verbs Linking verbs are like the equal signs of language. (=) Any verb that can be replaced with is, am, are, be, become, or becomes to create a sentence with nearly the same meaning is a linking verb.
  14. 14. Action or Linking Verb? Your Turn!Action or Linking Verb? Your Turn! Any verb that can be replaced with is, am, are, be, become, or becomes to create a sentence with nearly the same meaning is a linking verb. The sky looks blue. I walked home. Our teacher seemed crazy.
  15. 15. Auxiliary/Helping “Verbs”Auxiliary/Helping “Verbs” “auxiliary” just means “helping” Helping verbs and linking verbs are the same words…if they have an action verb buddy they are helping verbs…if they are by themselves, they are linking verbs. WARNING: Auxiliary verbs do not function as verbs. They HELP the main verb.
  16. 16. Auxiliary/Helping VerbsAuxiliary/Helping Verbs be am is are was were (sing to the tune of “Jingle Bells” for a handy mnemonic) been being has have had do did does can could shall will would should may might must
  17. 17. Auxiliary/Auxiliary/HelpHelping Verbsing Verbs help the main verb express action or a state of being can speak may be has been named should have been caught
  18. 18. Auxiliary VerbsAuxiliary Verbs Verb PhraseVerb Phrase A verb phrase has one main verb and one or more auxiliary verbs **verb phrase=hv+av Many people in Africa can speak more than one language. The packages may be at 401 Maple Street.
  19. 19. Helping Verb or Linking Verb?Helping Verb or Linking Verb? I am a teacher. I am writing a letter. We are hungry. The girls are playing ball. The highlighted words can function as main verbs or auxiliary verbs. Can you tell which job each is doing?
  20. 20. HelpingHelping Verb orVerb or LinkingLinking Verb? Your Turn!Verb? Your Turn! was does have  I was a track star.  I was running quickly.  She does the dishes.  She does hear you.  They have influenza.  They have been cured.
  21. 21. Helping Verb=Participle Tense I am talking on the phone. Present participle I have been in class. Past Participle I will go home. future
  22. 22. Handy Tip for Verb PhrasesHandy Tip for Verb Phrases Sometimes a verb phrase is interrupted by another part of speech, like an adverb. In a question, the subject often interrupts the verb phrase. Our school has always held a victory celebration when our team wins. Did you hear Jamie Foxx’s speech?
  23. 23. Transitive and IntransitiveTransitive and IntransitiveTransitive and Intransitive It’s all about transfer of action to an object.
  24. 24. Handy TipHandy Tip Since transitive/intransitive verbs deal with whether or not action passes from the subject to an object, always start with labelingalways start with labeling the subject and verb in thethe subject and verb in the sentencesentence.
  25. 25. Transitive VerbsTransitive Verbs express an action directed toward a person, a place, a thing, or an idea (a.k.a., nouns) The action passes from the doer (the subject) to the receiver of the action. The words that receive the action of TV transitive verbs need direct objects, direct objects are always nouns Transitive verbs can only be action verbs or verb phrases (hv+av). Linking verbs are NEVER transitive.
  26. 26. Transitive Verbs: ExamplesTransitive Verbs: Examples Derrick greeted the visitors. Derrick greeted whom? The action (greeted) passes from the subject (Derrick) to the object (visitors). When will Felicia paint her room? Felicia will paint what? The action (will paint) passes from the subject (Felicia) to the object (room). SS avav SS avavaux. vaux. v
  27. 27. Intransitive VerbsIntransitive Verbs express action or tell something about the subject without the action passing to a receiver, or object Intransitive verbs may be either action, verb phrases (hv+av), or linking verbs.
  28. 28. Intransitive Verbs: ExamplesIntransitive Verbs: Examples The train stopped. The train stopped what? There is nothing in the sentence to say what the train stopped (i.e., there is no object). There is no transfer of action. Last night we ate on the patio. We ate what? There is nothing in the sentence to say what we ate (i.e., there is no object). We did not eat some “on the patio.” This is a prepositional phrase telling where we ate, not what. There is no transfer of action. SS avav SS avav
  29. 29. Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn! The children play checkers. The children play quietly. Mr. Lopez is baking bread. Mr. Lopez is baking this afternoon. Have Roland and Tracy left their coats? Have Roland and Tracy left yet? 1) Label subject & verb. 2) Is the verb action or linking? If linking, it1) Label subject & verb. 2) Is the verb action or linking? If linking, it cannot be transitive. If action, go on to step 3. 3) Say, “Subject, verbcannot be transitive. If action, go on to step 3. 3) Say, “Subject, verb WHAT?” If there is a noun thatWHAT?” If there is a noun that receives the actionreceives the action, it is transitive., it is transitive.
  30. 30. Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn! The children play checkers. The children play WHAT? “Checkers” is a noun telling what they play, so “play” is transitive. The children play quietly. The children play WHAT? “Quietly” is not a noun and it is not what they play (it is how they play), so “play” is intransitive. SS avav SS avav
  31. 31. Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn! Mr. Lopez is baking bread. Mr. Lopez is baking WHAT? “Bread” is a noun and it tells what he is baking, so “is baking” is transitive. Mr. Lopez is baking this afternoon. Mr. Lopez is baking WHAT? “This afternoon” is not what Mr. Lopez is baking (it tells when), so “is baking” is intransitive. SS avav SS avavaux. vaux. v
  32. 32. Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn! Have Roland and Tracy left their coats? Roland and Tracy have left WHAT? “Coats” is a noun and it tells what they left, so “have left” is transitive. Have Roland and Tracy left yet? Roland and Tracy have left WHAT? “Yet” is not what they left (it tells when), so “have left” is intransitive. SS avavSSaux. vaux. v SS avavSSaux. vaux. v
  33. 33. Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn!Transitive or Intransitive? Your Turn! Label the subjects and verbs in these sentences. Tell whether the verbs are transitive or intransitive. Melanie ate a baked potato. Hector and Tom are reading. They painted the house. Did you carry his suitcase? My plant grows quickly.
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