Adjectives V Sadverbs


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Adjectives V Sadverbs

  1. 1. Which describing word is more effective to use in writing? What is the difference between superlative and comparative forms? ADJECTIVES VS. ADVERBS
  2. 2. WHAT IS AN ADVERB? <ul><li>Adverbs describe/modify verbs. </li></ul>EXAMPLES: <ul><li>Jose was quietly going out the door. </li></ul><ul><li>Glendale was torn down slowly . </li></ul><ul><li>Tony spoke slowly. </li></ul><ul><li>Katie jumped high . </li></ul>
  3. 3. Examples of adverbs and what they do: David was extremely grumpy. Extremely describes how grumpy David was . The runner easily finished first. Easily describes how the runner finished the race. Jose, my oldest brother, drove slowly by his girlfriend’s house. Slowly describes how the brother drove the car.
  4. 4. Adverbs <ul><li>___________ words </li></ul><ul><li>Describe ______ by naming how, wh___, wh____, or to what extent </li></ul><ul><li>Usually end ___ </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: really, suddenly, quickly, nearly </li></ul><ul><li>Now, later, soon </li></ul>
  5. 5. WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE? <ul><li>An adjective is a word that describes/modifies a noun or pronoun </li></ul>EXAMPLES: <ul><li>A big , red ball </li></ul><ul><li>The cute, huggable puppy </li></ul><ul><li>The tall, green tree </li></ul><ul><li>His huge, sharp teeth </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples of adjectives and the nouns/pronouns they modify. She wore a yellow sweater to the picnic. adjective noun My bedroom was messy. noun adjective She lost her blue and white parka. adjective adjective noun Yellow describes the sweater. Messy describes the bedroom. Blue and white describe the color of the parka
  7. 7. Adjectives <ul><li>Words used to _________ (describe) a ______or _________. </li></ul><ul><li>Can come right before or right after the noun it is modifying. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. A heavy rainstorm caused traffic delays. </li></ul><ul><li>The rainstorm was heavy. </li></ul><ul><li>Most adjectives are common, but the names or group of people are _______ Adjectives because they both describe a group that a person belongs to and they are a specific group (Americans, Chinese, Atlantans, Irish, etc) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Special Spelling Rules <ul><li>Most ad______ can become adverbs by just adding l_ </li></ul><ul><li>If the adjective ends in a silent e, drop the e and add ly </li></ul><ul><li>If the adjective ends in a ________ and y, change the y to i and add ly. </li></ul><ul><li>Near=nearly, gentle=gently, easy=easily </li></ul>
  9. 9. Predicate Adjectives <ul><li>A predicate adjective is an adjective in the predicate part of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. A volcanic eruption is violent. </li></ul><ul><li>The baby looks sick. </li></ul><ul><li>The sandwich smells delicious. </li></ul><ul><li>The bag is heavy. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Comparatives & Superlatives as Adverbs or Adjectives <ul><li>The comparative will modify verbs that compare the actions of two items. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>earlier, farther </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The superlative will modify verbs that compare the actions of three or more items. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>earliest, farthest </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Comparative adjectives or adverbs <ul><li>One-syllable adjectives normally have comparatives ending in - er : </li></ul><ul><li>Old - old er cheap - cheap er </li></ul>
  12. 12. Longer adjectives <ul><li>Adjectives of three or more syllables have more : </li></ul><ul><li>beautiful - more beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>difficult - more difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Two-syllable adjectives ending in -ing, -ed, ful, and -less: </li></ul><ul><li>tired - more tired boring - more boring </li></ul>
  13. 13. Change the sentences using superlatives <ul><li>She`s very kind. - Yes, she`s the kindest person I know. </li></ul><ul><li>It`s a very beautiful park. - </li></ul><ul><li>He`s very polite. - </li></ul><ul><li>This coat is very expensive. - </li></ul><ul><li>She`s very tall. - </li></ul>
  14. 14. Superlative adjectives <ul><li>One syllable adjectives normally have ending - est : </li></ul><ul><li>old - old est cheap - cheap est </li></ul>
  15. 15. Irregular forms <ul><li>Adjective Comparative Superlative </li></ul><ul><li>good better best </li></ul><ul><li>bad worse worst </li></ul><ul><li>ill worse </li></ul><ul><li>far farther / farthest / </li></ul><ul><li>further furthest </li></ul><ul><li>old older / elder oldest /eldest </li></ul>
  16. 16. Longer adjectives <ul><li>Adjectives of three or more syllables have most: </li></ul><ul><li>beautiful - most beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>difficult - most difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Two-syllable adjectives ending in -ing, -ed, -ful and -less: </li></ul><ul><li>tired - most tired boring - most boring </li></ul>
  17. 17. Part I Task <ul><li>Your job is to write a script of a commercial selling either an adjective or an adverb as the most effective description word. Your commercial must have the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jingle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial must use 3 propaganda techniques </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use at least 2 hyphens and 3 apostrophes---highlight these </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due Friday as Writer’s Notebook </li></ul></ul>