Which describing word is more effective to use in writing? What is the difference between superlative and comparative forms? ADJECTIVES VS. ADVERBS
WHAT IS AN ADVERB?
Adverbs describe/modify verbs.
Jose was quietly going out the door.
Glendale was torn down slowly .
Tony spoke slowly.
Katie jumped high .
Examples of adverbs and what they do: David was extremely grumpy. Extremely describes how grumpy David was . The runner easily finished first. Easily describes how the runner finished the race. Jose, my oldest brother, drove slowly by his girlfriend’s house. Slowly describes how the brother drove the car.
Describe ______ by naming how, wh___, wh____, or to what extent
Usually end ___
Examples: really, suddenly, quickly, nearly
Now, later, soon
WHAT IS AN ADJECTIVE?
An adjective is a word that describes/modifies a noun or pronoun
A big , red ball
The cute, huggable puppy
The tall, green tree
His huge, sharp teeth
Examples of adjectives and the nouns/pronouns they modify. She wore a yellow sweater to the picnic. adjective noun My bedroom was messy. noun adjective She lost her blue and white parka. adjective adjective noun Yellow describes the sweater. Messy describes the bedroom. Blue and white describe the color of the parka
Words used to _________ (describe) a ______or _________.
Can come right before or right after the noun it is modifying.
Ex. A heavy rainstorm caused traffic delays.
The rainstorm was heavy.
Most adjectives are common, but the names or group of people are _______ Adjectives because they both describe a group that a person belongs to and they are a specific group (Americans, Chinese, Atlantans, Irish, etc)
Special Spelling Rules
Most ad______ can become adverbs by just adding l_
If the adjective ends in a silent e, drop the e and add ly
If the adjective ends in a ________ and y, change the y to i and add ly.
Near=nearly, gentle=gently, easy=easily
A predicate adjective is an adjective in the predicate part of the sentence.
Ex. A volcanic eruption is violent.
The baby looks sick.
The sandwich smells delicious.
The bag is heavy.
Comparatives & Superlatives as Adverbs or Adjectives
The comparative will modify verbs that compare the actions of two items.
The superlative will modify verbs that compare the actions of three or more items.
Comparative adjectives or adverbs
One-syllable adjectives normally have comparatives ending in - er :
Old - old er cheap - cheap er
Adjectives of three or more syllables have more :
beautiful - more beautiful
difficult - more difficult
Two-syllable adjectives ending in -ing, -ed, ful, and -less:
tired - more tired boring - more boring
Change the sentences using superlatives
She`s very kind. - Yes, she`s the kindest person I know.
It`s a very beautiful park. -
He`s very polite. -
This coat is very expensive. -
She`s very tall. -
One syllable adjectives normally have ending - est :
old - old est cheap - cheap est
Adjective Comparative Superlative
good better best
bad worse worst
far farther / farthest /
old older / elder oldest /eldest
Adjectives of three or more syllables have most:
beautiful - most beautiful
difficult - most difficult
Two-syllable adjectives ending in -ing, -ed, -ful and -less:
tired - most tired boring - most boring
Part I Task
Your job is to write a script of a commercial selling either an adjective or an adverb as the most effective description word. Your commercial must have the following:
Commercial must use 3 propaganda techniques
Use at least 2 hyphens and 3 apostrophes---highlight these