Shakespeare <ul><li>1563-1616 </li></ul><ul><li>Stratford-on-Avon, England </li></ul><ul><li>wrote 37 plays </li></ul><ul>...
His career <ul><li>1592. Actor  for Lord Chamberlain’s Men (later known as “King’s Men) </li></ul><ul><li>1590-1613 Wrote ...
Shakespeare wrote: <ul><li>Comedies </li></ul><ul><li>Historical plays </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedies </li></ul><ul><li>Roman...
The Shakesperean Tragedy   <ul><li>Drama where the central character/s suffer disaster/great misfortune </li></ul><ul><li>...
Great Tragedies <ul><li>King Lear </li></ul><ul><li>Hamlet </li></ul><ul><li>Othello </li></ul><ul><li>Macbeth </li></ul>
Famous Comedies <ul><li>A Midsummer Night’s Dream </li></ul><ul><li>The Merchant of Venice </li></ul><ul><li>Twelfth Night...
Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Written about 1595 </li></ul><ul><li>Considered a tragedy </li></ul>Based on an Italian tale, it ...
The Theatre <ul><li>Plays produced for the general public </li></ul><ul><li>Roofless - open air </li></ul><ul><li>No artif...
The Theatre Before the first theatres were built in Shoreditch in the 1570s, plays were mostly performed in tavern yards, ...
The Rose
The Globe
Staging Areas <ul><li>Stage: platform that extended into the pit </li></ul><ul><li>Dressing & storage rooms in galleries b...
Spectators <ul><li>Wealthy people sat on benches </li></ul><ul><li>“ Groundlings” (poorer people) stood and watched from t...
Drama features <ul><li>No scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Settings: references in dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate costumes ...
Actors <ul><li>Only men and boys </li></ul><ul><li>Young boys whose voices had not changed play women’s roles </li></ul><u...
Blank Verse <ul><ul><li>unrhymed verse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iambic (unstressed, stressed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Prose <ul><li>Ordinary writing that is not poetry, drama, or song </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only characters in the lower socia...
Plot <ul><li>The sequence of events in a literary work </li></ul>
Exposition <ul><li>The plot usually begins with this: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>set...
Inciting Moment <ul><li>Often called “initial incident” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the first bit of action that occurs which be...
Conflict <ul><li>The struggle that develops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>man vs. man </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>man vs. himself <...
Crisis <ul><li>The point where the protagonist’s situation will either get better or worse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagoni...
Climax <ul><li>The turning point of the story- everything begins to unravel from here  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thus begins t...
Resolution <ul><li>The end of the central conflict </li></ul><ul><li>The final explanation or outcome of the plot </li></u...
Metaphorical Language <ul><li>Comparison : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paris standing over the “lifeless body” of Juliet, “Sweet...
Dramatic Foil <ul><li>A character whose purpose is to show off another character </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benvolio for Tybalt...
Round characters <ul><li>Characters  who have many personality traits, like real people. </li></ul>
Flat Characters <ul><li>One-dimensional, embodying only a single trait </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shakespeare often uses them t...
Static Characters <ul><li>Characters within a story who remain the same.  They do not change.  They do not change their mi...
Dynamic Characters <ul><li>Characters that  change  somehow during the course of the plot.  They generally change for the ...
Monologue <ul><li>One person speaking on stage - maybe other character on stage too </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex >  the Prince...
Soliloquy <ul><li>Long speech expressing the  thoughts  of a character alone on stage.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Hamlet’s...
Aside <ul><li>Words spoken, usually in an undertone not intended to be heard by all characters </li></ul>
Pun <ul><li>Shakespeare loved to use them!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humorous use of a word with two meanings > sometimes mi...
Dramatic Irony <ul><li>A contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader/audience knows to be true </li>...
Verbal Irony <ul><li>Words  used to suggest the opposite of what is meant </li></ul>
Situational Irony <ul><li>An event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the...
Comic Relief <ul><li>Use of comedy within literature that is NOT comedy, to provide “relief” from seriousness or sadness. ...
Elizabethan Words <ul><li>An,and:  If </li></ul><ul><li>Anon:  Soon </li></ul><ul><li>Aye:   Yes </li></ul><ul><li>But: Ex...
<ul><li>Haply: Perhaps </li></ul><ul><li>Happy: Fortunate </li></ul><ul><li>Hence: Away, from her </li></ul><ul><li>Hie: H...
<ul><li>Whence: Where </li></ul><ul><li>Wilt: Will, will you </li></ul><ul><li>Withal: In addition to </li></ul><ul><li>Wo...
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Shakespeare

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A presentation of Shakespeare's Drama

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Shakespeare

  1. 2. Shakespeare <ul><li>1563-1616 </li></ul><ul><li>Stratford-on-Avon, England </li></ul><ul><li>wrote 37 plays </li></ul><ul><li>about 154 sonnets </li></ul><ul><li>started out as an actor </li></ul>
  2. 3. His career <ul><li>1592. Actor for Lord Chamberlain’s Men (later known as “King’s Men) </li></ul><ul><li>1590-1613 Wrote most of his plays </li></ul><ul><li>1599. The Globe Theatre was built </li></ul>
  3. 4. Shakespeare wrote: <ul><li>Comedies </li></ul><ul><li>Historical plays </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedies </li></ul><ul><li>Romance plays </li></ul>
  4. 5. The Shakesperean Tragedy <ul><li>Drama where the central character/s suffer disaster/great misfortune </li></ul><ul><li>In many tragedies, downfall results from </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Character flaw/Fatal flaw </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of the two </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Great Tragedies <ul><li>King Lear </li></ul><ul><li>Hamlet </li></ul><ul><li>Othello </li></ul><ul><li>Macbeth </li></ul>
  6. 7. Famous Comedies <ul><li>A Midsummer Night’s Dream </li></ul><ul><li>The Merchant of Venice </li></ul><ul><li>Twelfth Night </li></ul><ul><li>The Taming of the Shrew </li></ul><ul><li>The Merry Wives of Windsor </li></ul>
  7. 8. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Written about 1595 </li></ul><ul><li>Considered a tragedy </li></ul>Based on an Italian tale, it tells the story of the unfortunate love of two young people belonging to two feuding families.
  8. 9. The Theatre <ul><li>Plays produced for the general public </li></ul><ul><li>Roofless - open air </li></ul><ul><li>No artificial lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Courtyard surrounded by 3 levels of galleries </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Theatre Before the first theatres were built in Shoreditch in the 1570s, plays were mostly performed in tavern yards, sometimes in the streets or on temporary stages or carts. Bankside in Southwark, outside the jurisdiction of the City fathers, quickly became the home of Elizabethan theatre, and it all started with the playhouse called 'The Rose'.
  10. 11. The Rose
  11. 12. The Globe
  12. 13. Staging Areas <ul><li>Stage: platform that extended into the pit </li></ul><ul><li>Dressing & storage rooms in galleries behind & above stage </li></ul><ul><li>second-level gallery- upper stage (famous balcony scene in R & J) </li></ul><ul><li>Trap door - ghosts </li></ul><ul><li>“ Heavens” - angelic beings </li></ul>
  13. 14. Spectators <ul><li>Wealthy people sat on benches </li></ul><ul><li>“ Groundlings” (poorer people) stood and watched from the courtyard (“pit”) </li></ul><ul><li>All but wealthy were uneducated/illiterate </li></ul><ul><li>Much more interaction than today </li></ul>
  14. 15. Drama features <ul><li>No scenery </li></ul><ul><li>Settings: references in dialogue </li></ul><ul><li>Elaborate costumes </li></ul><ul><li>Plenty of props </li></ul>
  15. 16. Actors <ul><li>Only men and boys </li></ul><ul><li>Young boys whose voices had not changed play women’s roles </li></ul><ul><li>It would have been considered indecent for a woman to appear on stage </li></ul>
  16. 17. Blank Verse <ul><ul><li>unrhymed verse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>iambic (unstressed, stressed) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pentameter ( 5 “feet” to a line) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. Prose <ul><li>Ordinary writing that is not poetry, drama, or song </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only characters in the lower social classes speak this way in Shakespeare’s plays </li></ul></ul>
  18. 19. Plot <ul><li>The sequence of events in a literary work </li></ul>
  19. 20. Exposition <ul><li>The plot usually begins with this: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduces: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>setting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>basic situation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Inciting Moment <ul><li>Often called “initial incident” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the first bit of action that occurs which begins the plot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romeo and Juliet “lock eyes” at the party </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. Conflict <ul><li>The struggle that develops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>man vs. man </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>man vs. himself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>man vs. society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>man vs. nature </li></ul></ul>
  22. 23. Crisis <ul><li>The point where the protagonist’s situation will either get better or worse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protagonist- good guy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antagonist- bad guy </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Climax <ul><li>The turning point of the story- everything begins to unravel from here </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thus begins the falling action </li></ul></ul>
  24. 25. Resolution <ul><li>The end of the central conflict </li></ul><ul><li>The final explanation or outcome of the plot </li></ul>Denouement
  25. 26. Metaphorical Language <ul><li>Comparison : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paris standing over the “lifeless body” of Juliet, “Sweet flower, with flowers thy bridal bed I strew…” </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Dramatic Foil <ul><li>A character whose purpose is to show off another character </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benvolio for Tybalt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>look for others in R & J </li></ul></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Round characters <ul><li>Characters who have many personality traits, like real people. </li></ul>
  28. 29. Flat Characters <ul><li>One-dimensional, embodying only a single trait </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shakespeare often uses them to provide comic relief even in a tragedy </li></ul></ul>
  29. 30. Static Characters <ul><li>Characters within a story who remain the same. They do not change. They do not change their minds, opinions or character. </li></ul>
  30. 31. Dynamic Characters <ul><li>Characters that change somehow during the course of the plot. They generally change for the better. </li></ul>
  31. 32. Monologue <ul><li>One person speaking on stage - maybe other character on stage too </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex > the Prince of Verona commanding the Capulets and Montagues to cease feuding </li></ul></ul>
  32. 33. Soliloquy <ul><li>Long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Hamlet’s “to be or not to be” </li></ul></ul>
  33. 34. Aside <ul><li>Words spoken, usually in an undertone not intended to be heard by all characters </li></ul>
  34. 35. Pun <ul><li>Shakespeare loved to use them!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humorous use of a word with two meanings > sometimes missed by the reader because of Elizabethan language and sexual innuendo </li></ul></ul>
  35. 36. Dramatic Irony <ul><li>A contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader/audience knows to be true </li></ul>
  36. 37. Verbal Irony <ul><li>Words used to suggest the opposite of what is meant </li></ul>
  37. 38. Situational Irony <ul><li>An event occurs that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience </li></ul>
  38. 39. Comic Relief <ul><li>Use of comedy within literature that is NOT comedy, to provide “relief” from seriousness or sadness. </li></ul><ul><li>In R & J, look for moments of comic relief that help “relieve” the tragedy of the situation </li></ul>
  39. 40. Elizabethan Words <ul><li>An,and: If </li></ul><ul><li>Anon: Soon </li></ul><ul><li>Aye: Yes </li></ul><ul><li>But: Except for </li></ul><ul><li>E’en: Even </li></ul><ul><li>E’er: Ever </li></ul>
  40. 41. <ul><li>Haply: Perhaps </li></ul><ul><li>Happy: Fortunate </li></ul><ul><li>Hence: Away, from her </li></ul><ul><li>Hie: Hurry </li></ul><ul><li>Marry: Indeed </li></ul>Elizabethan Words
  41. 42. <ul><li>Whence: Where </li></ul><ul><li>Wilt: Will, will you </li></ul><ul><li>Withal: In addition to </li></ul><ul><li>Would: Wish </li></ul>Elizabethan Words

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