Regions of north america project

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  • 1. Regions of North America By Megan Ursaki
  • 2. Map of Regions of North America Legend Red – Canadian Shield Blue – St-Lawrence Lowlands Yellow - Interior Plains Green – Intermountain Region Purple – Arctic Plains Orange – Appalachian Region Brown – Coastal Plains Pink – Western Cordillera
  • 3. Western Cordillera Region Topography • • • • • • • Located on western part of Canada Mountainous Mountains, trees, gra ss, forests, and water Rocky landscape Includes Williston Lake, Okanogan Lake, Pacific Ocean and the Columbia River. Series of mountainous belts along pacific coast Rocky mountains are eastern part of Cordillera Climate • • • • • • Varies throughout the year Summer hot, warm, rainy, bre ezy, cool evenings Winter cold, rainy, breezy, s nowy General climate can be described as cool, breezy, rainy, w arm Rains a lot Moist and mild western part of cordillera Vegetation • • • • • Variety of vegetation Douglas fir, forage grass, white spruce, lodge pole pine, ponderosa pine, and many other trees and grasses Vegetation grows because it rains a lot and soil is good Lower slope trees and other plants grow larger and last longer Variety of vegetation Economic Activity • • • • • • Main occupations are foresting and mining Gold mining Sightseeing Very tourist friendly region Harvests lots of lumber/timber Oil Environmental Concerns • • • • Timber harvesting, grazing, oil exploration, mining, and reservoir operations Lumber and oil produce most damage and erode the slopes, and cause the siting of streams Harmful metals released into water from mining Wildlife habitat lost from lumber harvesting
  • 4. Interior Plains Topography • • • • • • • Plains not entirely flat Gently rolling hills in most places Deep river valleys Very diverse Huge sized region Elevation from 600 meters to 1500 meters Three different elevations Climate • • • • • • • Continental climate Oceans do not influence climate like some other regions Extreme climates Long hot summers Cold winters Little precipitation More north, winters long and cold, summers short and hot Vegetation • • • • • • Mixed deciduous trees Scattered evergreens Prairie grasses grew tall Grassland Trees grew only in river valleys Northern part – boreal forests grow Economic Activity • • • Agriculture, mining, Livestock grown – cattle, pigs, poultry, etc. Vegetables grown – wheat, barley, oats, flax, canola, mustard, potatoes, corn, and sugar beets Environmental Concerns • • • Farm pollutants seeping into the ground an running off into river and lake systems Lumber harvesting Air and water pollutions
  • 5. Coastal Plains Topography Climate • Average elevation less that 250m above sea level • Mostly flat or gently rolling hills • Swampy, wetland • Easily flooded land because it is so flat and low • Most land is only approx. 30m above sea level • • • • • Varies greatly Cold snowy winters and hot humid summers in the north Sub-tropical climate in the south Southern part has hurricanes Hurricane season between late summer and early winter Vegetation Economic Activity Environmental Concerns • Soil in the Coastal Plains is very sandy • Natural vegetation adapted to the soil • Some areas are jungles (Mexico) • Original vegetation was pine forests • Tourism • Shipping at ports • Paper making • Commercial fishing • Forestry • House expansion – land consumption • Air pollution • Climate change • Sea level rises 15%
  • 6. Canadian Shield Topography • • • • • • • • More than 2 billion years old Great volcanic mountains leveled my millions of years of erosion Geographic foundation of Canada Covers more than half of Canada Platform of rocks Overlaps into USA in two areas Barren rock Chaotic pattern of rivers, lakes, swamps Climate Vegetation Economic Activity Environmental Concerns • Climate varies throughout region, because region stretches across huge amount of Canada • Going north, winters are longer and colder, summers being shorter and cooler • Mostly covered by boreal forests • Some deciduous trees like poplar and white birch • North of the tree line, no trees grow because the season is too short, permafrost, and little precipitation • Lumber • Mining of metals • Copper, iron, zinc, silver, gold, lead, uranium, nickel, cobalt, tungsten • Diamonds • Timber • One of Canada largest diamond producers • Acid rain • Emissions • Coal power plants • Industrial boilers • Automobiles and trucks etc.
  • 7. Intermountain Region Topography Climate • Between ocean • Most of the coast and rocky region is dry mountains • Some parts of region • Differentiating temperature landscape varies throughout • Winters cold region and wet, • Variety of sometimes dry mountains but • Hot dry summers mainly flat • Snowy winters • Some lakes or • Majority is dry rivers etc. region Vegetation Economic Activity Environmental Concerns • Grassland • Plants that can survive in semidesert and desert areas • Thick woods in some areas • Pine forests • Coal and iron mining in some areas • Foresting pine and lumber • Conserve wildlife habitat • Foresting and mining • Not a lot of the area is habituated by humans so there isn‘t as much damage as other regions with more population
  • 8. Arctic Plains Topography Climate Vegetation Economic Activity Environmental Concerns • Combination of lowlands and mountains • Lowlands in series of island to the north of Hudson Bay • Mountains are in extreme northwest • Near the ocean is flat • Climate is very severe • So far from equator • Winter lasts for 10 months – cold and harsh • Summer is short and not very warm – little precipitation • Arctic is actually a desert • Few life forms can survive and grow • Lichen • Too cold for trees • Small shrubs, mosses and lichen are the only things that can grow • Close to the ground • Mining • Construction • Hunting and fishing • Gold mining • Transportation • Touristy • Future economy estimated to be more on nonrenewable resources • Preventing pollution • Climate change • Marine environment protection • Land environment protection • Increased marine travel and accessibility harms environment
  • 9. Great Lakes-St Lawrence Lowlands Topography • • • • • Smallest region in Canada Rolling landscape Created mainly by glaciation Deep river valleys Gradually rises into Canadian Shield landform Climate Vegetation Economic Activity • Humid • Continental climate • Great lakes make it more humid • Summers vary from warm to hot • Winters from cool to cold • Originally had • Farming – very fertile soil poultry, dairy, • Heavy forests meat products • Maple, beech, and specialty hickory, black crops walnut • Manufacturing • Mixed – cars and deciduous and parts, textiles conifers and clothing, • Maple, beech, industrial and oak, ash, birch, farm chemicals spruce, for, • Mining pine, and cedar Environmental Concerns Pollution Water pollutions Tar sands Climate change • Greenhouse gases • Global warming (pollution and greenhouse gases) • • • •
  • 10. Appalachian Region Topography • • • • • • • • • • • Made up of many mountainous ranges Old mountains - formed 300,000,000 years ago Also has fertile plateaus and river valleys Rivers provide transportation Coal, oil, and gas are found in rocks Extends from northern Alabama (34°N, 87°W) for 1600km northeast to New York State (45°N, 72°W) northern part is glaciated Tops of mountains eroded by water, ice, and gravity Rugged rolling mountains Source of many rivers Waterfalls Climate • • • • • • • 2 ocean currents affect climate Labrador current causes freezing during winter in north Appalachians - brings cold water Gulf Stream brings warm water Frost 200days in south, 140 days in north High precipitation and snow Mostly continental climate Wide temperature variations between summer and winter, day and night Vegetation • • • • • Originally covered by dense forests Wood used to make furniture and charcoal Heavily forested with coniferous and deciduous trees Survives in poor and unproductive mountain soil and plateaus and river valleys type of rock called sedimentary • Economic Activity Environmental Concerns • • • • • • Forestry Farming Mining Coal mining Hydro electricity Transportation railways built in 1880s Improved movement of goods up and down valleys Traded coal, packages meat and trees Main crop tobacco Manufacturing of textiles and electronics • Loss of natural resources when coal and trees are exported • Loss of natural surrounding when resources are extracted • Loss of animal habitat • • • •
  • 11. "Coastal Plains." Wiki. Web. 18 Feb 2014. < Plains>. "Coastal Plains." Wiki. Web. 18 Feb 2014. < Plains>. Sources  Cranny, Michael. Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations.  Scarborough, Ontario: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada,  1998. 163-179. Print.   "Appalachian Region Notes." . N.p.. Web. 12 Feb 2014. < Region Notes.htm>   Armand, Earnley. "Rocky Mountains." . Encyclopedia Britannica, 24 0001 2013. Web. 17 Feb 2014. <  "Canada's Regions: Great Lakes St-Lawrence Lowlands." MTHS Online. GGC1D Template. Web. 16 Feb 2014. <>.  "Coastal Plains." Wiki. Web. 18 Feb 2014. < Plains>.